Capharnaum


Capharnaum
Capharnaum
A titular see of Palestine

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Capharnaum
    Capharnaum
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Capharnaum
    A titular see of Palestine. Its name (also KAPERNAUM) means village of Nahum or consolation. It is frequently mentioned in the Gospels: Jesus, when repelled by the Nazarenes, made it His new abode (Matthew 4:13; Luke 4:31; John 2:12); He chose there his first disciples, Peter, Andrew, James, John, Matthew (Matthew 4:18, 21; 9:9; Mark 1:16); He cured there the centurion's servant, Peter's mother-in-law, a paralytic, a demoniac, the Hæmorrhoissa, etc.; it was there that He brought to life again the daughter of Jairus, and delivered many discourses, especially the one concerning the institution of the Eucharist (John 6i). The inhabitants, however, at the instigation of the Pharisees, broke off with Him, and Jesus, on leaving their city, cursed it (Matthew 11:23). Under Constantine the Great, Count Joseph, a converted Jew, built a church there which the pilgrim known as "Pseudo-Antoninus" visited in the sixth century. Since then the town has not been mentioned in the history of Palestine. It was never a Greek see, nor even a Latin one in the Middle Ages. Lequien, it is true (III, 719), quotes a document concerning the ecclesiastical province of Scythopolis in Palestina Secunda, wherein we read: "Ibi sunt adhoc Bethsaida, Naim et Capharnaum, sed alio nomine vocitantur nec habent episcopos". Just when it became a Latin titular see is not known, the title now being held by the coadjutor to the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem. Capharnaum must be identified with Tell-Houm on the north bank of the Lake of Tiberias. There are splendid ruins there, chiefly of a magnificent synagogue seventy-two feet long and fifty-four feet wide. In a little convent on this site some Franciscans reside for the reception of pilgrims. According to some archaeologists the site of Capharnaum is not at Tell-Houm, but in the vicinity, on the way to Tiberias, either at Khan-Minieh or at Aïn-Tabigah. In the latter place the Cologne Catholic Society conducts an agricultural colony.
    Wilson, Lands of the Bible, II, 139-149; Thomson, The Land and the Book, I, 542; Robinson, Biblical Researches (1856), III, 347-357; Conder, Tentwork in Palestine, II, 182; Kitchener in Quarterly Statement of the Palestine Exploration Fund (July, 1979).
    S. VAILHÉ
    Transcribed by Fr. Paul-Dominique Masiclat, O.P.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • capharnaüm — [ kafarnaɔm ] n. m. • XVIIe; ville de Galilée où Jésus attira la foule, avec infl. de cafourniau « débarras », du lat. furnus « four » ♦ Fam. Lieu qui renferme beaucoup d objets en désordre. La boutique de ce brocanteur est un capharnaüm. ⇒ bric… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Capharnaum — Capharnaüm Capharnaüm ou Kefar Nahum était une ville de l ancienne province de Galilée, sur la rive nord ouest du lac de Tibériade (ou lac de Génézareth) au nord de la Palestine (actuellement dans l État d Israël). Son nom vient de l hébreu Kfar… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Capharnaum — Allgemeine Informationen Genre(s) Technical Death Metal Gründung 1993 Aktuelle Besetzung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CAPHARNAUM — Graece Capernaum, gloriosum et praeclari nominis emporium erat, atque ex decem primariis regionis decapoleos urbibus una, in tribu Nephthalim atque adeo florentissima torius Galilaeae Metropolis, quae reliquis pulchritudine, opibus, fastu,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Capharnaüm — 32°52′52″N 35°34′30″E / 32.88111, 35.575 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Capharnaüm — (ka far na om ) s. m. Lieu qui renferme beaucoup d objets entassés confusément.    Lieu de désordre et de débauches. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Capharnaüm, ville de Judée mentionnée dans l Évangile. C était une grande ville de commerce, et pour cela ce nom a… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • CAPHARNAÜM — n. m. Nom d’une ville de l’ancienne Judée, appliqué, dans l’usage familier, à un Lieu qui renferme beaucoup d’objets entassés confusément. Cette chambre est un vrai capharnaüm …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • capharnaüm — lieu désordonné où se trouvent diverses choses ♦ Capharnaüm ville de Galilée, en Palestine, où Jésus rencontra de nombreux malades …   Dictionnaire des éponymes

  • capharnaum — kəˈfärnēəm noun ( s) Etymology: French, from Capharnaum, Aramaic form of Capernaum, ancient city of Palestine; from the crowd before the house where Jesus preached (Mk 2:2) : a confused jumble : a place marked by a disorderly accumulation of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • capharnaum — ca·phar·na·um …   English syllables


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