Paphnutius
Paphnutius
Name of several persons in the early Church

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Paphnutius
    Paphnutius
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Paphnutius
    I. The most celebrated personage of this name was bishop of a city in the Upper Thebaid in the early fourth century, and one of the most interesting members of the Council of Nicæa (325). He suffered mutilation of the left knee and the loss of his right eye for the Faith under the Emperor Maximinus (308-13), and was subsequently condemned to the mines. At Nicæa he was greatly honoured by Constantine the Great, who, according to Socrates (H. E., I, 11), used often to send for the good old confessor and kiss the place whence the eye had been torn out. He took a prominent, perhaps a decisive, part in the debate at the First Œcumenical Council on the subject of the celibacy of the clergy. It seems that most of the bishops present were disposed to follow the precedent of the Council of Elvira (can. xxxiii) prohibiting conjugal relations to those bishops, priests, deacons ( see Deacons ), and, according to Sozomen, sub-deacons, who were married before ordination. Paphnutius earnestly entreated his fellow-bishops not to impose this obligation on the orders of the clergy concerned. He proposed, in accordance "with the ancient tradition of the Church", that only those who were celibates at the time of ordination should continue to observe continence, but, on the other hand, that "none should be separated from her, to whom, while yet unordained, he had been united". The great veneration in which he was held, and the well known fact that he had himself observed the strictest chastity all his life, gave weight to his proposal, which was unanimously adopted. The council left it to the discretion of the married clergy to continue or discontinue their marital relations. Paphnutius was present at the Synod of Tyre (335).
    II. PAPHNUTIUS, surnamed (on account of his love of solitude) THE BUFFALO, an anchorite and priest of the Scetic desert in Egypt in the fourth century. When Cassian (Coll., IV, 1) visited him in 395, the Abbot Paphnutius was in his ninetieth year. He never left his cell save to attend church on Saturdays and Sundays, five miles away. When in his paschal letter of the year 399, the Patriarch Theophilus of Alexandria condemned anthropomorphism, Paphnutius was the only monastic ruler in the Egyptian desert who caused the document to be read.
    III. PAPHNUTIUS, deacon ( see Deacons ) of the church of Boou, in Egypt, suffered martyrdom in the persecution of Diocletian, under the Prefect Culcianus.
    HEFELE-LECLERCQ, Histoire des conciles, I, i (Paris, 1907).
    MAURICE M. HASSETT.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Paphnutĭus — Paphnutĭus, Bischof einer Stadt in der obern Thebais, trat auf dem Konzil zu Nikäa 325, obwohl selbst ehelos, gegen den Zwangszölibat der Geistlichen auf …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • PAPHNUTIUS — Episcopus Aegyptius Confessor, ex illis, quos Maximinianus, dextris effossis oculis, et sinitstrô poplite sucisô, ad metalla dam naverat. Sed in hoc tanta virtutum inerat gratia, ut signa per eum non minus, quam dudum per Apostolos fierent. Nam… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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  • Paphnutius von Theben — Paphnutius von Ägypten (* in Ägypten; † um 360) war der Legende nach Bischof des oberen Thebais. Um 308 wurden ihm als Christen in der Christenverfolgung (308 312) unter Kaiser Maximinus Daia († 313) die Augen ausgestochen und die Kniekehlen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Paphnutius, S.S. (7) — 7S. S. Paphnutius et Soc. M. M. (24. al. 25. Sept.). Das Mart. Rom. sagt von diesen hhl. Martyrern am heutigen Tage: »In Aegypten das Leiden der hhl. Paphnutius und seiner Genossen. Als dieser in der Einöde hörte, daß viele Christen in Fesseln… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Paphnutius, S. (6) — 6S. Paphnutius, Ep. Conf. (11. Sept.). Dieser heilige Bischof und Bekenner in der Thebais führt bei den Griechen den Beinamen »der Große« und war in Aegypten geboren. Er wurde mit vielen andern Christen unter dem Tyrannen Maximinus Daja im J. 308 …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

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