Cowl
Cowl
A hood worn in many religious orders

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Cowl
    Cowl
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Cowl
    (koukoulion, cucullus, cuculla, cucullio. — Ducange, "Gloss.", s.v.).
    A hood worn in many religious orders. The name was originally used for a kind of bag in which grocers sold their wares (ibid.), then for an article of dress that was like it in shape. The lacerna or byrrhus (our cope), the usual cloak for outdoor wear until far into the Middle Ages, had a cowl fixed behind, that could be drawn over the head. So also had the poenula (chasuble — Wilpert, "Gewandung der Christen", pp. 13, 45, etc.; Braun, "Liturg. Gewandung", pp. 240, 348). Juvenal (VI, 118) and Martial (XI, 98) refer to the cucullus of the lacerna. Sozomen says that monks covered their heads with a hood called cucullus (H.E., III, xiii), and Palladius disciples of Pachomius (Hist. Laus., XIII). Both St. Jerome (Ep. xxii, ad Eustochium) and Cassian (De habitu mon., I, iv) refer to it as part of a monk's dress. St. Benedict ordered two kinds of cowls for his monks, a warm one for winter and a light one for summer (Regula S. Ben., lv). The cowl became a great cloak with a hood. Benedict of Anagni forbade his monks to wear one that came below the knees (Ardo, Vita Ben. Anian., xl). The Benedictines, Cistercians, and all the old monastic orders now use the cowl, a great mantle with a good that can be thrown back over the shoulders, as a ceremonial dress for choir; the Franciscans have a smaller hood fixed to their habit; canons wear it on their mozzetta, and bishops and Cardinals on the cappa. With the Augustinians and Servites it is still a separate hood not attached to anything. Ducange (s.v.) says the name is a diminutive of casula — "quasi minor cella". A cowl fixed to a cloak is still commonly worn in Tyrol, parts of Austria and Hungary, etc. Cucullata congregatio occurs occasionally as a general name for monastic orders (Ducange). The colour of the cowl is that of the habit, black among Benedictines, white with the Cistercians, etc.
    ADRIAN FORTESCUE
    Transcribed by Marcia L. Bellafiore

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Synonyms:
(especially of a monk) /


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cowl — (koul), n. [AS. cuhle, cugle, cugele; cf. dial. G. kogel, gugel, OF. coule, goule; all fr. LL. cuculla, cucullus, fr. L. cucullus cap, hood; perh. akin to celare to conceal, cella cell. Cf. {Cucullate}.] 1. A monk s hood; usually attached to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cowl — cowl1 [koul] n. [ME coule < OE cugle < LL(Ec) cuculla < L cucullus, cap, hood < ? IE base * (s)keu , to cover > SKY] 1. a) a monk s hood b) a monk s cloak with a hood 2. something shaped like a cowl; esp., a …   English World dictionary

  • cowl — (n.) O.E. cule, from earlier cugele, from L.L. cuculla monk s cowl, variant of L. cucullus hood, cowl, of uncertain origin. Cowling is 1917 in the aircraft sense …   Etymology dictionary

  • cowl — cowl·ing; un·cowl; cowl; …   English syllables

  • Cowl — Cowl, n. [Cf. OF. cuvele, cuvel, dim. of F. cuve tub, vat, fr. L. cupa. See {Cup}.] A vessel carried on a pole between two persons, for conveyance of water. Johnson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cowl — [kaul] n [: Old English; Origin: cugele, from Latin cucullus] 1.) a large ↑hood that covers your head and shoulders ▪ a monk in a dark habit and cowl 2.) a cover for a ↑chimney …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • cowl — [ kaul ] noun count 1. ) a part of a piece of clothing that covers the head and shoulders, worn especially by MONKS 2. ) a cover for a CHIMNEY that improves the flow of smoke …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • cowl — ► NOUN 1) a large loose hood forming part of a monk s habit. 2) a hood shaped covering for a chimney or ventilation shaft. 3) another term for COWLING(Cf. ↑cowling). DERIVATIVES cowled adjective. ORIGIN Latin …   English terms dictionary

  • Cowl — This article is about the garment used by monks and nuns. For other uses, see Cowl (disambiguation) or Cowling (disambiguation). A Roman Catholic monk wearing a cowl …   Wikipedia

  • Cowl — Darry Cowl (* 27. August 1925 in Vittel; † 14. Februar 2006 in Neuilly sur Seine; eigentlich André Darricau), war ein französischer Schauspieler, Komödiant und Musiker. Er bekam 2004 den französischen Filmpreis César als bester Nebendarsteller… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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