St. Juliana
St. Juliana
    St. Juliana
     Catholic_Encyclopedia St. Juliana
    Suffered martyrdom during the Diocletian persecution. Both the Latin and Greek Churches mention a holy martyr Juliana in their lists of saints. The oldest historical notice of her is found in the "Martryologium Hieronymianum" for 16 February, the place of birth being given as Cumae in Campania (in Campania Cumbas, natale Julianae). It is true that the notice is contained only in the one chief manuscript of the above-named martyrology (the Codex Epternacensis), but that this notice is certainly authentic is clear from a letter of St. Gregory the Great, which testifies to the special veneration of St. Juliana in the neighbourhood of Naples. A pious matron named Januaria built a church on one of her estates, for the consecration of which she desired Relics (sanctuaria, that is to say, objects which had been brought into contact with the graves) of Sts. Severinus and Juliana. Gregory wrote to Fortunatus, Bishop of Naples, telling him to accede to the wishes of Januaria ("Gregorii Magni epist.", lib. IX, ep. xxxv, in Migne P.L., LXXXVII, 1015). The Acts of St. Juliana used by Bede in his "Martyrologium" are purely legendary. According to the account given in this legend, St. Juliana lived in Nicomedia and was betrothed to the Senator Eleusius. Her father Africanus was a pagan and hostile to the Christians. In the persecution of Maximianus, Juliana was beheaded after suffering frightful torturers. Soon after a noble lady, named Sephonia, came through Nicomedia and took the saint's body with her to Italy, and had it buried in Campania. Evidently it was this alleged translation that caused the martyred Juliana, honoured in Nicomedia, to be identified with St. Juliana of Cumae, although they are quite distinct persons. The veneration of St. Juliana of Cumae became very widespread, especially in the Netherlands. At the beginning of the thirteenth century her remains were transferred to Naples. The description of this translation by a contemporary writer is still extant. The feast of the saint is celebrated in the Latin Church on 16 February, in the Greek on 21 December. Her Acts describe the conflicts which she is said to have with the devil; she is represented in pictures with a winged devil whom she leads by a chain.
    MOMBRITIUS, Sanctuarium, II, fol. 41 v.-43 v.; Acta SS., FEB., II, 808 sqq.; MIGNE, P.G., CXIV, 1437-52; Bibliotheca hagiogr. lat., I, 670 sq.; Bibl. hagiogr. graeca (2nd. ed.), 134; NILLES, Kalendarium manuale, I (2nd ed., Innsbruck, 1896), 359; MAZOCCHI, In vetus S. Neapolitanae ecclesiae Kalendarum commentarius, I (Naples, 1744), 556-9; COCKAYNE, St. Juliana (London, 1872); Vita di S. Giuliana (Novara, 1889); BACKHAUS, Ueber die Quelle der mittelenglischen Legende der hl. Juliana und ihr Verhaltnis zu Cynewulfs Juliana (Halle, 1899).
    J.P. KIRSCH
    Transcribed by Michael T. Barrett Dedicated to the parish of St. Juliana's in Fort Valley, Georgia

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • St. Juliana Falconieri —     St. Juliana Falconieri     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Juliana Falconieri     Born in 1270; died 12 June, 1341. Juliana belonged to the noble Florentine family of Falconieri. Her uncle, St. Alexis Falconieri, was one of the seven founders… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St. Juliana of Liege —     St. Juliana of Liège     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Juliana of Liège     Nun, b. at Retinnes, near Liège, Belgium, 1193; d. at Fosses, 5 April, 1258. At the age of five she lost her parents and was placed in the convent of Mont Cornillon,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St. Juliana's Abbey — was a Benedictine monastery in Rottum, the Netherlands. The abbey, dedicated to the virgin martyr Juliana of Nicomedia, was probably founded between 1195 and 1210 by monks from the Benedictine Werden Abbey in Germany. After its foundation… …   Wikipedia

  • Stiftskirche St. Juliana (Mosbach) — Stiftskirche / St. Juliana Die Stiftskirche St. Juliana ist eine Simultankirche in Mosbach im Neckar Odenwald Kreis. Der evangelische Teil wird als Stiftskirche, der katholische Teil als Kirche St. Juliana bezeichnet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juliana — Juliana, Julianna or Yuliana is a female name. It is a feminized version of Julius as in Julius Caesar (or Julus). It can also refer to:;Medieval women *St. Juliana of Nicomedia, Christian martyr during the Diocletian persecution in 304 *St.… …   Wikipedia

  • Juliana von Nikomedien — Juliana von Nikomedia Juliana von Nikomedia (auch Juliana von Nikomedien) (* 285 in Nikomedia; † 304 ebd.) war Heilige und Märtyrin der frühen Kirche. Der Überlieferung nach erlitt sie das Martyrium während der Christenverfolgungen unter den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juliana von Nikomedia — (auch Juliana von Nikomedien) (* 285 in Nikomedia; † 304 ebenda) war Heilige und Märtyrin der frühen Kirche. Der Überlieferung nach erlitt sie das Martyrium während der Christenverfolgungen unter den Kaisern Diokletian und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • St.-Martinus-Kirche (Himmelsthür) — St. Martinus Himmelsthür St. Martinus ist die katholische Pfarrkirche des Hildesheimer Stadtteils Himmelsthür und Mittelpunkt der Seelsorgeeinheit Güldener Winkel. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • St. Cäcilia (Mosbach) — St. Cäcilia in Mosbach St. Cäcilia ist eine katholische Pfarrkirche in Mosbach im Neckar Odenwald Kreis (Baden Württemberg). Das Kirchengebäude wurde 1934/35 von Hans Herkommer errichtet und steht seit 1983 unter Denkmalschutz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juliana Falconieri — Infobox Saint name=Saint Juliana Falconieri birth date=1270 death date=June 19, 1341 feast day=June 19 venerated in=Roman Catholic Church imagesize=120px caption= birth place=Florence, Italy death place=Florence, Italy titles=Virgin; Foundress… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”