Adana
Adana
A diocese of Armenian rite in Asia Minor

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Adana
    Adana
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Adana
    A diocese of Armenian rite in Asia Minor (Asiatic Turkey). This ancient Phoenician colony "of willows" is situated about nineteen miles from the sea, on the right bank of the Sarus, or Seyhoun, in the heart of Cilicia Campestris. It was once a part of the kingdom of the Seleucidae, and after the passing of Antiochus Epiphanes it took (171 n. C.) the name of Antioch of Sarus. Later it received from Emperor Hadrian (117-138) the title of Hadriana and from Emperor Maximianus that of Maximiana. It has some political importance as capital of thevilayet or district. Adana appears in the fourth century as a see subject to the metropolitan of Tarsus and the patriarch of Antioch. In the Middle Ages the Greek hierarchy disappeared, and is now represented in Cilicia by only one prelate who styles himself Metropolitan of Tarsus and Adana, and resides in the latter town. Most of his diocesans are foreigners, and come from Cappadocia or the Archipelago. They are much attached to Hellenism, and desire to be under the patriarchate of Constantinople and not of Antioch. They even live in open strife with the latter, since the election (1899) of an Arabic-speaking prelate. In medieval times Adana, deprived of a Greek bishop, had an Armenian one, subject to the Catholics of Sis. The first of this line known to history is a certain Stephen, who distinguished himself in 1307 and 1316. Under him a great national Armenian council (the last of its kind), attended by the patriarch and the king, the clergy and the nobility, was held at Adana (1316). Thirty years earlier, in 1286, another Armenian council met for forty days in Adana for the purpose of electing the Catholics Constantine and to dispose of several other questions. Today the Armenians of Adana are divided into Gregorians, Catholics, and Protestants (Protestantism). For the Gregorians it is the centre of one of the fourteen or fifteen districts governed by the Catholics of Sis; he is represented in Adana by a bishop. For the Catholics there is an episcopal see at Adana. As regards Protestants (Protestantism), Adana is a mission station of the Central Turkey Mission of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (about 1,000 members). The Reformed Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) holds it as a missionary station attended from Tarsus. There are, moreover, at Adana some Maronite and Syrian merchants and some Europeans employed in various capacities. The total population amounts to about 45,000 inhabitants during the two or three months when the decortication and the cleaning of cotton attract a great many workers. During the rest of the year the population does not exceed 30,000 inhabitants, viz.: 14,000 Mussulmans ( see Mohammed and Mohammedanism ), 12,575 Armenians, 3,425 Greeks, and a few others. There are in the town 18 mosques, 37 medresses, and 8 tekkes, 2 Armenian churches, 1 Latin church, 1 Greek church, and 1 Protestant (Protestantism) church; 29 Turkish schools of which 28 are elementary schools and one is secondary, 2 Greek schools, 1 Armenian school, 1 Protestant (Protestantism) school, and 2 French educational establishments one for boys directed by the Jesuit Fathers, the other for girls, under the Sisters of St. Joseph of Lyons. The latter includes a day-school and a boarding-school.
    J. PARGOIRE

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adana — Adana …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adana — La ville d Adana et le lac Seyhan Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ADANA — Ville principale de la plaine de Cilicie (Turquie), Adana, chef lieu du département homonyme, commande le passage du Seyhan, grand fleuve descendant du Taurus, au contact de la basse plaine alluviale et des collines de piémont. Cette situation… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Adana — Adana, Stadt in Cilicien, heutzutage im gleichnamig. türk. Ejalet, Hauptst., am Seihan, mit vielleicht 25000 E. Der District Adana beherrscht die Pässe des Taurus zwischen Syrien u. Vorderasien, ist also in militärischer Hinsicht sehr wichtig;… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Adana — Adana, türk. Stadt im südöstlichen Kleinasien, am schiffbaren Seihun (Saros) in der fruchtbaren Kilikischen Ebene, hat als Schlüssel zu den Tauruspässen eine hohe strategische Bedeutung und war deshalb noch in neuerer Zeit (1839) lange der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Adăna — (Adanah, Adene), 1) türk. Ejalet in Kleinasien, am Meerbusen von Iskenderun; Gebirge (Theile des Taurus), die sich bis 10,000 Fuß erheben: Gukluk Dagh, Bulghar Dagh, Allah Dagh, zwischen beiden die Kilikischen Pässe (s.d.), Giaur D., Güsel D.,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Adâna — Adâna, Hauptstadt des türk. Wilajets A. (39.900 qkm, 422.400 E.) im südöstl. Kleinasien, 45.000 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • ADANA — urbs Ciliciae Ptolemaeo. Vulgo Adena, vide Steph. longitud. 66. 40. latitud. 39. 10. Urbs item ad Euphratem Steph. Item, Arabiae Felieis mediterranea, Eidem …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Adana — [ä′də nä΄] city in S Turkey: pop. 972,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Adana — Infobox Settlement settlement type = Town subdivision type = Country subdivision name = TUR timezone=EET utc offset=+2 map caption =Location of Adana within Turkey. timezone DST=EEST utc offset DST=+3 official name = Adana image caption = A view… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”