Auditor
Auditor
The designation of certain officials of the Roman Curia, whose duty it is to hear and examine the causes submitted to the pope

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Auditor
    Auditor
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Auditor
    The designation of certain officials of the Roman Curia, whose duty it is to hear (Lat. audire) and examine the causes submitted to the pope. They cannot, however, give a decision unless they receive delegated jurisdiction. They are, therefore, not judges in the strict sense of the term. These officials have been part of the Roman Curia since the Middle Ages. Amongst the principal dignitaries bearing this title are:
    (1) Auditor Papae. This official was at first the adviser of the pope in consistorial and theological matters, but he afterwards received also judicial power in civil and criminal cases. Since 1831, however, his duties are restricted to certain ecclesiastical affairs, such as assisting at the examinations of episcopal candidates for Italy and the transaction of matters relating to favours, etc.
    (2) Auditor Camerae or Auditor General. This official originally had very extended powers, such as judging appeals against the decisions of bishops, and proceeding against bishops themselves in important cases and even punishing them without a special commission from the pope. He could also take cognizance of cases of criminal, and mixed jurisdiction in the States of the Church. Nearly all these and similar powers have now been withdrawn, and the tribunal of the Camera Apotolica is at present limited almost entirely to expediting commissions in certain well-defined cases.
    (3) Auditors of the Rota were originally chaplains of the pope. By degrees they were constituted into a tribunal, and are said to have derived their name from the round table (Lat. rota) at which they sat. Important cases laid before the Holy See by sovereigns and nations were referred to the Rota for judgment, and its decisions became precedents for all other tribunals. It also served as a supreme court for civil cases in the States of the Church. At present, however, the Auditors of the Rota are restricted practically to giving deliberative opinions in processes of beatification or canonization and deciding questions of precedence between ecclesiastical dignitaries. They are generally also attached as Consultors to various Roman Congregations.
    BAART, The Roman Court (New York, 1895); FERRARIS, Prompta Bibl. Can. (Rome, 1885), I; HUMPHREY, Urbs et Orbis (London, 1889).
    WILLIAM H. W. FANNING
    Transcribed by Dick Meissner

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • auditor — au·di·tor / ȯ də tər/ n 1: a person qualified and authorized to examine and verify financial records 2: a referee appointed by a court in a civil action; esp: one designated to prepare an account for the court see also master Merriam Webster’s… …   Law dictionary

  • auditor — au‧di‧tor [ˈɔːdtə ǁ ˈɒːdtər] noun [countable] ACCOUNTING an outside specialist accountant that checks that an individual s or organization s accounts are true and honest: • Under pressure from the auditor, the company had to increase its… …   Financial and business terms

  • AUDITOR — apud Recentiores, varia significat. Audire enim, Iudex, Praefectus Urbi, Praeses dicitur, qui cognoscit et iudicat, in l. 6. §. 1. D.de Dote leg. l. 12. D. de Instracto, vel Instrument. leg. Auditor vice sacra, l. 3. C. ubi Sen. Apud Baldricum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • auditor — AUDITÓR, OÁRE, auditori, oare, s.m. şi f., adj. (Persoană) care ascultă un curs, o conferinţă, un concert; ascultător, auzitor. [Pr: a u ] – Din fr. auditeur, lat. auditor, oris. Trimis de ana zecheru, 08.07.2002. Sursa: DEX 98  AUDITÓR s. v.… …   Dicționar Român

  • auditor — auditor, ra (Del lat. audītor, ōris). 1. adj. Que realiza auditorías. U. t. c. s.) 2. m. Persona nombrada por el juez entre las elegidas por el obispo o entre los jueces del tribunal colegial, cuya misión consiste en recoger las pruebas y… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • auditor — /ˈauditor, ingl. ˈɔːdɪtə(r)/ [dal lat. audītor, «uditore»] s. m. e f. inv. (org. az.) ispettore, controllore …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Auditor — Au di*tor, n. [L. auditor, fr. audire. See {Audible}, a.] 1. A hearer or listener. Macaulay. [1913 Webster] 2. A person appointed and authorized to audit or examine an account or accounts, compare the charges with the vouchers, examine the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Audītor — (lat., Zuhörer), 1) (röm. Ant.), in der Kaiserzeit Rechtsschüler; 2) im Mittelalter in den romanischen Ländern Mitglied eines höhern Gerichtshofes; daher noch jetzt in Italien Auditor ca merae, Prälat vom 4. Rang in der Camera apostolica in Rom,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • auditor — early 14c., official who receives and examines accounts; late 14c., a listener, from Anglo Fr. auditour (O.Fr. oieor listener, court clerk, 13c.; Mod.Fr. auditeur), from L. auditor a hearer, from auditus, pp. of audire to hear (see AUDIENCE (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • auditor — aùdītor (audȋtor) m DEFINICIJA 1. onaj koji sluša, slušatelj 2. a. pov. oznaka za različite sudske i upravne funkcije b. dipl. najniži rang u vatikanskoj diplomaciji, odgovara rangu atašea ETIMOLOGIJA vidi auditivni …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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