Reform of a Religious Order
Reform of a Religious Order
Return or bringing back of an order from a mitigated or relaxed observance to the rigour of its primitive rule

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Reform of a Religious Order
    Reform of a Religious Order
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Reform of a Religious Order
    Reform of a Religious Order, in the true sense of the word, is a return or bringing back of the order from a mitigated or relaxed observance to the rigour of its primitive rule. It must be premised that mitigations of the primitive rule may be made quite lawfully;
    ♦ by the authority of the Holy See;
    ♦ by decree of the superiors of the order itself, so far as they have power to modify its rule and observance;
    ♦ by prescription or custom lawfully established, so long as such relaxations do not affect the vows of the religious.
    On the other hand, the obligations arising directly from the vows made by the religious cannot be modified by custom or prescription, and the abolition of abuses in such matters is not "reform" in the proper sense of the word. In cases where the mitigation or modification of the rule has been brought about by legitimate authority reform may be instituted either by the Holy See or by the general chapter (or other legislative body) of the order itself. All those who shall make their profession after the reform has been decreed are bound to submit to it. Those previously professed are held not to be bound to the reformed observance if the previous mitigations were introduced legitimately. If, however, the mitigations reformed have been caused by neglect on the part of the superiors of the order, or have been introduced with their connivance, then those professed before the reform are bound to observe it. In practice, the Holy See is wont to use great discretion in this matter and prefers to invite or recommend the older religious to adopt the stricter rule. The principle underlying this is that no religious can be held bound beyond the limits to which he may be presumed to have intended to bind himself when he made his vows.
    TAMBURINI, De jure abbatum (Lyons, 1640); DONATI, Rerum regularium praxis resolutoria (Cologne, 1675); PELLIZZARIO, Manuale Regul. (Venice, 1648); SCHMALZGRÜBER, Jus eccles. universum (Rome, 1843); BOUIX, Tract. de Jure regul. (Paris, 1857); BACHOFEN, Compend. juris regul. (New York, 1903); AICHNER, Compend. Juris eccles. (Brixen, 1900).
    G. ROGER HUDLESTON.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Order of Friars Minor —     Order of Friars Minor     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Order of Friars Minor     (Also known as FRANCISCANS.) This subject may be conveniently considered under the following heads:     I. General History of the Order;     A. First Period (1209… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Order of Preachers —     Order of Preachers     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Order of Preachers     As the Order of the Friars Preachers is the principal part of the entire Order of St. Dominic, we shall include under this title the two other parts of the order: the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Order of Saint Augustine — Abbreviation OSA Formation March, 1256 Type Catholic religious ord …   Wikipedia

  • Religious Life — • Overview and evangelical ideas on what makes up religious life Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Religious Life     Religious Life      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Order of Friars Minor Capuchin — Abbreviation Capuchins, O.M.Cap., O.F.M. Cap., O.S.F.C., Capuchin Franciscans Formation 1520 Type Catholic religi …   Wikipedia

  • Order of Augustinian Recollects — Abbreviation Augustinians Recollects Formation 1588 Type Catholic religious order …   Wikipedia

  • RELIGIOUS LIFE AND COMMUNITIES — Jews UNDER OTTOMAN RULE The Jews of the pre Zionist old yishuv, both sephardim (from the Orient) and ashkenazim (of European origin), dedicated their lives to the fulfillment of religious precepts: the study of the torah and the meticulous… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Order of Penitents — The Christian movement known as the Penitents goes back to the 4th century. Those who had committed serious sins confessed their sins to the bishop or his representative and were assigned a penance that was to be carried out over a period of time …   Wikipedia

  • Order of Saint Basil the Great — For other Basilian orders, see Basilian (disambiguation). The Order of St. Basil the Great (OSBM Latin: Ordo Sancti Basilii Magni, Ukrainian: Чин Святого Василія Великого, Chyn Sviatoho Vasyliia Velykoho) also known as the Basilian Order of Saint …   Wikipedia

  • REFORM JUDAISM — REFORM JUDAISM, first of the modern interpretations of Judaism to emerge in response to the changed political and cultural conditions brought about by the emancipation . The Reform movement was a bold historical response to the dramatic events of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”