Port of Spain

Port of Spain
Port of Spain
Archdiocese and town in Trinidad

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Port of Spain
    Archdiocese of Port of Spain
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Archdiocese of Port of Spain
    An archiepiscopal and metropolitan see, including the Islands of Trinidad, Tobago, Grenada, the Grenadines, St. Vincent, and St. Lucia. The Catholic population is about 200,000. Christianity was introduced by the Spanish discoverers and missions established in those islands where permanent settlements were effected. The first preachers of the Faith in Trinidad were Fathers Francisco de Cordova and Juan Garcés, both Dominicans, who died at the hands of the Indians in 1513. The Franciscans arrived in 1596, and maintained their connexion with Trinidad until the British occupation in the beginning of the nineteenth century. Fathers Esteban de San Felix, Marco de Vique, and a lay-brother, Ramon de Figuerola, Franciscans, were slaughtered by the natives in 1699. Their bodies were interred in the parish church of San José de Oruña, then the chief town of the colony, and they were venerated as martyrs of the Faith. The Governor of the colony, Don José de Leon, and a Dominican, Father Juan de Mosin Sotomayor, lost their lives defending them. The Dominicans and other religious laboured in Grenada and the other islands, but as these colonies fell into British hands they were replaced by the secular clergy. When in 1797 Trinidad was surrerdered to Great Britain the status of the Catholic religion underwent no change, as stipulated in the terms of capitulation granted by Sir Ralph Abercrombie. The new authorities undertook to contribute to the maintenance of the clergy and continue to do so. In 1820 at the instance of Governor Sir Ralph Woodford, the Trinidad Catholics were withdrawn from the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Guayana, Venezuela, and Mgr. James Buckley was appointed the first bishop. The cathedral of Port of Spain was built during his administration. He was succeeded by Mgr. McDonnell, whose successor was Mgr. Richard Smith, the first archbishop. Mgr. Vincent Spaccapietra, his successor, is held in veneration for his heroic exertions during an epidemic of cholera. On Mgr. Spaccapietra's transfer to the See of Smyrna, Mgr. Ferdinand English was appointed to Port of Spain. He was succeeded by Mgr. J. L. Gonin, O.P., who requested the Dominicans to resume in Trinidad the work begun by their predecessors in early Spanish days. A small number arrived in 1864; their number increased under Mgr. Patrick Vincent Flood, O.P., and their work extended to Grenada. On Mgr. Flood's death in 1907, during an extended vacancy of the see, the name of a Canadian Dominican, Father Albert Knapp, unaccountably appeared as Archbishop of Port of Spain in many newspapers and a year book. The Holy See appointed the present archbishop, Mgr. Dowling, born in County Kilkenny, Ireland, in 1886, consecrated 1909. Before his elevation to the episcopate he held important offices in his order, having been professor, novice-master, and previous to his coming to Trinidad as vicar-general of the archdiocese, rector of the well-known College of San Clemente, Rome. Most of the clergy are from France, England, and Ireland, only a few are natives of the diocese. English is taught exclusively in the schools and most generally spoken, though Creole patois is widely used by the lower classes except in Tobago and St. Vincent. Spanish is spoken in some parishes of Trinidad and by Venezuelan residents of Port of Spain. There are also many Portuguese. Confessors with a knowledge of these languages are provided and sermons preached in English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese. Work amongst the East Indian immigrants makes a knowledge of the dialects of Hindustan needful. Number of parishes, 48; secular clergy, 20; Order of Preachers, 40; Congregation of the Holy Ghost, 15; Fathers of Mary Immaculate, 20; and a few members of the Order of St. Augustine. Higher schools for boys, 2, for girls, 4; 1 orphanage and 2 alms-houses. The Leper Asylum and the municipal alms-house are under the care of the Sisters of St. Dominic, and many of the elementary schools under that of the Sisters of St. Joseph.
    BORDE, Histoire de l'île de la Trinidad (Paris, 1882); COTHONAY, Trinidad (Paris, 1893); FRASER, History of Trinidad (Port of Spain, 1891); GUMILLA, El Orinoco ilustrado (Barcelona, 1882).
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PORT OF SPAIN — PORT OF SPAI Capitale et ville principale de l’État indépendant de Trinité et Tobago, Port of Spain n’est, dans ses limites municipales, que l’élément le plus important d’une très vaste agglomération; celle ci s’étire sur plus de 30 kilomètres au …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Port of Spain — ist die Hauptstadt von Trinidad und Tobago mit 50.700 Einwohnern, als Agglomeration 264.000 (Stand jeweils 1. Januar 2004), gelegen am Golf von Paria im Nordwesten der Insel Trinidad. Sie beherbergt den wichtigsten Hafen des Landes und ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Port-of-Spain — Port d Espagne Port d Espagne Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Port of Spain — Port d Espagne Port d Espagne Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Port-of-Spain — [pôrt′əv spān′] capital of Trinidad and Tobago: seaport on NW Trinidad: pop. 58,000: also Port of Spain …   English World dictionary

  • Port of Spain —   [englisch pɔːt əv speɪn], Hauptstadt und Haupthafen von Trinidad und Tobago, auf Trinidad, am Golf von Paria, (1995) 45 300 Einwohner; Sitz eines katholischen Erzbischofs und eines anglikanischen Bischofs; Nationalmuseum und archiv,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Port of Spain — (spr. pōrt os ßpën, Puerto de España), Hauptstadt der britisch westind. Insel Trinidad, an der Westküste und am Golf von Paria, ist Ausgangspunkt von Eisenbahnen nach San Fernando und ins Innere, Sitz eines deutschen Konsuls, hat einen prächtigen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Port of Spain — (spr. spehn), Puerto d España, Spanish Town, Hauptstadt der brit. Kleinen Antille Trinidad, 54.500 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Port-of-Spain — Port′ of Spain′ n. geg a seaport on NW Trinidad, in the SE West Indies: national capital of Trinidad and Tobago. 58,400 …   From formal English to slang

  • Port of Spain — Infobox Settlement official name = City of Port of Spain other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = motto = |700px imagesize = image caption = Port of Spain, viewed from the harbour, 2007 flag size = image seal size = image shield =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.