- Apocrisiarius• Indicates in general the ecclesiastical envoys of Christian antiquity, whether permanent or sent temporarily on missions to high ecclesiastical authorities or royal courts
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- ApocrisiariusApocrisiarius† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Apocrisiarius(Gr. apochrisis, an answer; cf. Lat. responsalis, from responsum). This term indicates in general the ecclesiastical envoys of Christian antiquity, whether permanent or sent temporarily on missions to high ecclesiastical authorities or royal courts. In the East the patriarchs had their apocrisiarii at the imperial court, and the metropolitans theirs at the courts of the patriarchs. The popes also frequently deputed clerics of the Roman Church as envoys, either for the adjustment of important questions affecting the Church of Rome, or to settle points of discipline in local dioceses, or to safeguard the interests of the Church in religious controversies. In the letters of St. Gregory the Great (590-604) very frequent mention is made of such envoys (responsales). In view of the great importance attaching to the relations between the popes and the imperial court of Constantinople, especially after the fall of the Western Empire (476), and during the great dogmatic controversies in the Greek Church, these papal representatives at Constantinople took on gradually the character of permanent legates and were accounted the most important and responsible among the papal envoys. The first of these apocrisiarii seems to have been Julianus, Bishop of Cos, accredited by St. Leo the Great to the court of Emperor Marcian (450-457) for a considerable period of time during the Monophysite heresies. From then until 743, when all relations between Rome and Constantinople were severed during the iconoclastic troubles, there were always, apart from a few brief intervals, apocrisiarii in Constantinople. On account of the importance of the office, only capable and trustworthy members of the Roman Clergy were selected for such missions. Thus Gregory I, while Deacon of the Roman Church, served in Byzantium for several years as apocrisiarius. At the court of the exarch at Ravenna the Pope also had a permanent apocrisiarius. In turn, at least during the reign of Gregory I, the archbishop of that city had a special responsalis at the papal court. From the reign of Charlemagne (d. 814) we find apocrisiarii at the court of the Frankish kings, but they are only royal archchaplains decorated with the title of the ancient papal envoys.THOMASSINUS, Vetus et nova eccl. disciplina circa beneficia (ed. London, 1706, I, 569 sqq.) Pt. I, Bk. II, cvii-cxi; BINGHAM, Origines sive antiquitates ecclesiasticæ (ed. Halle, 1725) II, 77 sqq.; III, xiii, art. 6; LUXARDO, Das pÕpstliche Vordekretalen-Gesandtschaftsrecht (Innsbruck, 1878).J.P. KIRSCHTranscribed by Vivek Gilbert John Fernandez Dedicated to past Apocrisiarii and Papal envoys.
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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APOCRISIARIUS — quoque officii Monastici nomen est, quod sic describit Udalricus Consnetud. Cluniac. l. 3. c. 12. Apocrisiarius est, qui cusiodit Ecclesiae thesaurum et in cuies manu est, quidquid ad Altaria offertur etc. Idem Thesaurarius, item Legatus, dicitur … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Apocrisiarĭus — (v. gr.) 1) bei den byzantinischen Kaisern ein an einen andern Hof Abgesandter; 2) Geschäftsträger des römischen Bischof an dem Hof zu Constantinopel; bes. 3) (Responsales negotiorum ecclesiasticorum), am fränkischen Königshofe der… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Apocrisiarĭus — (griech.), 1) der ständige geistliche Gesandte aller Patriarchen und unter ihnen auch des römischen Papstes am kaiserlichen Hof zu Konstantinopel. – 2) Im fränkischen Reich der oberste kirchliche Würdenträger am königlichen Hof, eine Art… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Apocrisiarius — Apocrisiarĭus (grch. Apokrisiarios), früher Titel eines bischöfl., bes. des röm. Abgesandten am kaiserl. Hofe in Konstantinopel; am fränk. Hofe Titel des obersten Geistlichen, der zugleich Oberaufseher über die Hofkanzlei war … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Apocrisiarius — An apocrisiarius (Latinized from the Greek Αποκρισιάριος; sometimes Anglicized as apocrisiary) was a high diplomatic representative during Late Antiquity and the early medieval period. The purist Latin term was responsalis he who answers . The… … Wikipedia
Apocrisiarius — Apocrisiary Ap o*cris i*a*ry, ||Apocrisiarius Ap o*cris i*a ri*us, n. [L. apocrisiarius, apocrisarius, fr. Gr. ? answer, fr. ? to answer; ? from + ? to separate.] (Eccl.) A delegate or deputy; especially, the pope s nuncio or legate at… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
apocrisiarius — ap·o·cri·si·ar·i·us … English syllables
apocrisiarius — Same as apocrisarius … Ballentine's law dictionary
apocrisiarius — … Useful english dictionary
Papal apocrisiarius — The apocrisiarius or apocrisiary was the legate from the Pope to the Patriarch of Constantinople, circa 452 743, equivalent to the modern nunciature. Contents 1 Nomenclature 2 History and functions … Wikipedia