The remains of the loaves or cakes from which the various portions are cut for consecration in the Mass, according to the Greek Rite, are gathered up on a plate, in the sanctuary and kept upon the prothesis, during the celebration of the Mass

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Antidoron
    (Gr., anti, instead of; doron, a gift; i.e. a gift instead of)
    The remains of the loaves or cakes from which the various portions are cut for consecration in the Mass, according to the Greek Rite, are gathered up on a plate, or salver, in the sanctuary and kept upon the prothesis, or side-altar, during the celebration of the Mass. They are usually cut up into small fragments, and, at the conclusion of the Mass, after the celebrant has retired from the altar, the deacon ( see Deacons ) (or in churches where there is no deacon ( see Deacons ), the priest) brings the salver out through the royal doors and standing in front of the iconostasis gives to each of the faithful, supposed to be fasting, a small fragment of the blessed bread which is taken and eaten by the worshipper before leaving the church. The giving of the antidoron is regularly followed in the Russian Orthodox and the Greek (Hellenic) Orthodox churches at every Mass, and it is an interesting sight to watch the worshippers crowding up in lines to obtain the blessed bread. In the Greek Catholic churches of Austria and Hungary the antidoron is given only on rare occasions during the year, chiefly on the Saturday in Easter week; while among the Greek Catholics of Italy and Sicily it is usually given only on Holy Thursday, the Feast of the Assumption, that of St. Nicolas of Myra, and at certain week-day masses in Lent; although according to some local customs it is given on other days. It may seem strange that the earliest historical reference to this custom should be found in the Western Church. It is mentioned in the 118th letter of St. Augustine to Januarius (now known as the 54th letter in the new order. See Migne, P. L., XXXIII, 200), and in the canons of a local council in Gaul in the seventh century. Originally it was a substitute, or solatium for such of the faithful as were not prepared to go to Communion or were unable to get to the Holy Sacrifice. If they could not partake of the body of Our Lord they had the consolation of partaking of the bread which had been blessed and from which the portions for consecration had been taken. In the Eastern Church mention of the antidoron began to appear about the ninth and tenth centuries. Germanius of Constantinople is the earliest Eastern author to mention it in his treatise, "The Explanation of the Liturgy", about the ninth century. Subsequent to him many writers of the separated Eastern Church (Balsamon, Colina, Pachemeros) have written on the custom of giving the antidoron. The usage to-day in the Orthodox Greek Church, following the Nomocanon, is to employ the fragments or unused pieces of the various prosphora, except that from which the agnetz is taken, for the purpose of the antidoron. The canonical regulations of the Russian Orthodox and Greek (Hellenic) Orthodox Churches require that the antidoron should be consumed before leaving the church, and that it should not he distributed to unbelievers or to persons undergoing penance before absolution. While the rite still continues in the East it was finally given up by the Western Church, and now only survives in the Roman Rite in the pain bénit given in the French churches and cathedrals at High Mass, in certain churches of Lower Canada, and occasionally in Italy, on certain feasts. A similar custom also obtains among the Syrian Christians (Christians of St. Thomas) of the Malabar coast in India.
    NEALE, History of the Holy Eastern Church (London, 1850). I, 525; CORBLET, Hist. de l'Eucharistie (Paris, 1885), I, 254-255; CLUGNET, Dictionnaire des noms liturgiques (Paris, 1895), 13; PARRINO, La Messa Greca (Palermo, 1904), 20; CHARRON, Les saintes liturgies (Paris, 1904), 70; HAPGOOD, Service Book of the Orthodox Church (New York, 1906), 600; Pravoslavnaya Encyclopedia (St. Petersburg, 1900), I, 795-796.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antidoron — (griech. ἀντίδωρον, „Ersatzgabe“) heißt in den Kirchen des Byzantinischen Ritus gesegnetes Brot, das nach der Göttlichen Liturgie ausgeteilt wird. Es ist nicht der sakramentale Leib Christi und darum nicht allein den zur Kommunion zugelassenen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antidōron — (gr.), 1) Gegengeschenk; 2) in der griechischen Kirche die Überbleibsel des gesegneten Brodes, dessen Rand, auf welchem die Worte: J. Ch. vicit standen, nach der Communion an des anwesende Volk vertheilt wurde u. als ein Schutzmittel gegen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Antidoron — Antidōron (grch.), Gegengeschenk; in der griech. Kirche die noch nicht geweihten, sondern nur gesegneten Überbleibsel des Brotes, die nach dem Abendmahl unter die Nichtkommunikanten verteilt wurden …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Antidoron — The Antidoron (Greek: el. Ἀντίδωρον, transl|el|Antídōron ) is ordinary, blessed, but non eucharistic and non consecrated, leavened bread seen in Eastern Orthodox and other Christian churches. It comes from the remains of the loaves of bread… …   Wikipedia

  • antidoron — /ahn dee dhaw rddawn/; Eng. /an tee dawr on, dohr /, n. 1. Also called holy bread. Gk. Orth. Ch. bread blessed and distributed to the congregation at the end of the liturgy. 2. Eastern Ch. eulogia (def. 1). [1840 50; < LGk antidôron return gift,… …   Universalium

  • Antidoron — An|ti|do|ron das; s, ...ra <zu ↑anti... u. gr. dõron »Geschenk«>: a) (veraltet) Gegengeschenk, Vergeltung; b) (nur Plur.) Verteilung des übrig gebliebenen gesegneten Brotes nach dem Abendmahl unter das Volk in der griech. orthodoxen Kirche …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • antidoron — an·ti·do·ron …   English syllables

  • antidoron —  Антидор …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • antidoron — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Christlich-orthodox — Dieser Artikel handelt von den byzantinisch orthodoxen Kirchengemeinschaften. Weitere ostchristliche Konfessionen finden Sie unter Ostkirchen. Mit den Kirchengebäuden orthodoxer und anderer ostchristlicher Gemeinschaften befasst sich Orthodoxe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.