- Maximilian• Brief profiles of three saints of this name
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- MaximilianMaximilian† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► MaximilianThe name of several martyrs.(1) Maximilian of AntiochA soldier, martyred at Antioch, Jan. 353, with Bonosus, a fellow soldier, of the Herculean cohort; they were standard-bearers, and refused to remove the chrismon (monogram of Christ) from the standard, as had been ordered by Julian the Apostate. Count Julian, uncle of the emperor, commanded them to replace the chrismon with images of idols, and, upon their refusal, had them tortured and beheaded. The Roman martyrology and most other calendars mention them on 21 August, while in a few martyrologies and in the heading which is prefixed to their Acts, 21 Sept. (XII Kal. Oct.) is designated as the day of their martyrdom. Both dates are wrong, as is evident from the Acts of the two martyrs, which represent Count Julian as infected with an ugly disease, contracted at the martyrdom of St. Theodoret 23 Oct., 362.(2) Maximilian of CeleiaHis Acts, composed in the thirteenth century and unreliable, say he was b. at Celeia (Cilli, Styria), made a pilgrimage to Rome, went as missionary to Noricum, became Archbishop of Laureacum (Lorch, near Passau), and suffered martyrdom under Numerianus (283-4). It is historically certain that Maximilian was a missionary in Noricum during the latter half of the third century, founded the church of Lorch, and suffered martyrdom. His cult dates at least from the eighth century. In that century, St. Rupert built a church in his honour at Bischofshofen, and brought his Relics thither. They were transferred to Passau in 985. His feast is celebrated 12 Oct., at some places 29 Oct.(3) Maximilian of ThebesteMartyred at Thebeste near Carthage, 12 March, 295. Thinking a Christian was not permitted to be a soldier, he refused to enter the army and was beheaded. Since death was not then the legal punishment for those who refused to join the army (Arrius Menander, Digest XLIX, xvi, 4 P. 10), it is probable that he was beheaded because he gave his Christianity as the reason of his refusal. He was buried at Carthage by the noble matron Pompejana.Acta SS., Aug., IV, 425-430; RUINART, Acta Martyrum (Ratisbon, 1859), 609-12; LECLERCQ, Les Martyrs, III (Paris, 1904), 100-04; TILLEMONT, Memoires pour servir a l'hist. eccles. des six premiers siecles, VII (Paris, 1700), 405-09; TAMAYO, Discursos apologeticos de las reliquias d. S. Bonoso y Maximiliano (Baeza, 1632).(2) Vita ac legenda S. Maximiliani in PEZ, Script. rerum Austr., I, 22-34. Concerning its value see RETTBERG, Kirschengesch. Deutschl., I (Gottingen, 1846), 158 sq. RATZINGER, Forsch. zur Bayr. Gesch. (Kempten, 1898), 325 sq.; KERSCHBAUMER, Gesch. des Bist. St. Poelten (1875), I, 61-78.(3) ALLARD, La persecution de Diocletien, I (Paris, 1908), 99-105; HARNACK Militia Christi (Tubingen, 1905), 114 sq.; RUINART, Acta Martyrum (Ratisbon, 1859), 340-2, Fr. tr. LECLERCQ, Les Martyrs, II (Paris, 1903), 152-5.MICHAEL OTTTranscribed by Benjamin F. Hull
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Maximilian — oder seltener Maximillian ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutungen 2 Namenstage 3 Varianten 4 Namensträger (Maximilian oder Max) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Maximilian IV. — Maximilian I. Joseph von Bayern im Krönungsornat Maximilian I. Maria Michael Johann Baptist Franz de Paula Joseph Kaspar Ignatius Nepomuk (* 27. Mai 1756 in Schwetzingen bei Mannheim; † 13. Oktober 1825 in München) war als Maximilian IV. zunächst … Deutsch Wikipedia
Maximilian I — • Duke of Bavaria (1573 1651) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Maximilian I Maximilian I … Catholic encyclopedia
Maximilian I. — Maximilian I. bezeichnet folgende Personen: Maximilian I. (HRR) (1459–1519), Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches Maximilian I. (Bayern) (1573–1651), Kurfürst von Bayern Maximilian (Hohenzollern Sigmaringen) (1636–1689), Fürst von Hohenzollern… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Maximilian II. — Maximilian II. bezeichnet folgende Personen: Maximilian II. (HRR) (1527–1576), Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches und Erzherzog von Österreich Maximilian II. (Tirol) (1558–1618), siehe Maximilian III. (Vorderösterreich) Maximilian II. Emanuel… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Maximilian I — may refer to: Maximilian I of Mexico, reigned 1864–1867 Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, reigned 1508–1519 Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, reigned 1597–1651 Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, reigned 1795–1805 (Elector of Bavaria) and 1806–1825… … Wikipedia
Maximilian II — may refer to: Maximilian II of Burgundy (1514–1558) Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (1527–1576) Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (1662–1726) Maximilian II of Bavaria (1811–1864) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with… … Wikipedia
Maximilĭan — Maximilĭan, männl. Vorname, zusammengezogen aus Maximus Aemilianus. Bemerkenswerte Fürsten dieses Namens sind: [Deutsche Kaiser.] 1) M. I., Sohn und Nachfolger Kaiser Friedrichs III., geb. 22. März 1459 in Wiener Neustadt, gest. 12. Jan. 1519,… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
MAXIMILIAN I° — (1459–1519), king of Germany from 1486 and Holy Roman emperor from 1493. His Jewish policy, like that of his father, frederick iii , was erratic and motivated by financial considerations. In 1496 he expelled the Jews from carinthia and styria … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Maximilian — Maximilian1 [mak΄sə mil′yən] n. [blend of the L names Maximus & Aemilianus] a masculine name: dim. Max Maximilian2 [mak΄sə mil′yən] 1. (born Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph) 1832 67; archduke of Austria: emperor of Mexico (1864 67); executed 2.… … English World dictionary