- Marquesas Islands
- Marquesas Islands• Located in Polynesia, includes all the Marquesas Islands
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Marquesas IslandsVicariate Apostolic of Marquesas Islands† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Vicariate Apostolic of Marquesas Islands(INSULARUM MARCHESI)Located in Polynesia, includes all the Marquesas Islands, eleven in number, lying between 7º 50' and 10º 30' S. lat. and between 138º and 141º W. long. The area comprises 480 sq. miles. The islands are mountainous and rocky, but have fertile plains. The aborigines are cannibals who live mainly by fishing, and dwell in huts of wattles and branches. The chief products are the bread-fruit tree, the coconut, the banana, orange, and sugar-cane. Horses, pigs, sheep, cotton, and tobacco have been introduced by the missionaries. The islands were discovered in 1595 by Mendana and named Marquesas after the Marquess de Mendoza, at that time Viceroy of Peru, from which country the expedition had sailed. The first Mass was said there 28 July, 1595. In 1791 the northern islands were visited by Ingraham, an American, and by Marchand, a Frenchman, who took possession of the group in the name of France. On 4 August, 1836, three missionaries of the Congregation of Picpus entered the Bay of Vaithu, Fathers Desvault and Borgella, and Brother Nil. They found the natives given to tattooing, cruel and defective in morals. In 1774 some whaling vessels left the dread disease, phthisis, among the natives, and it has continued to work havoc there. The population in 1804 was reckoned at 17,700; in 1830 it had shrunk to 8000; at the present time it is about half that number. Between 1838 and 1848 there were 216 baptisms of adults; between 1848 and 1856, 986 baptisms. In 1858 the missionaries opened schools at Taiohaé, and in 1900 these schools were instructing 300 children. In 1894 the use of opium by natives was prohibited; in 1895 the selling or possessing of alcohol was made a criminal offence, and in 1896 attendance at school was made obligatory. In 1900, however, in consequence of the passing of the Associations Law in France the schools were closed by the Government. Efforts of the missionaries to enforce attendance at their private schools met with limited success. The present Vicar Apostolic, Mgr. Martin, of the Picpus Congregation, titular Bishop of Uranopolis, arrived in 1890 and took up his residence at Antouna on Hiva-Oa. The residence of the civil governor is at Taiohal on Noukouhiva.STATISTICSThere are in the islands, 1 Vicar-Apostolic; 9 priests, 5 brothers of the Picpus congregation; 4 brothers of Ploermel; 9 sisters of St. Joseph of Cluny; 10 native catechists; 40 stations scattered over 6 islands; 1 hospital which cares for 160 lepers. Present population, 3300 Catholics, 150 Protestants (Protestantism), about 300 pagans. The Marquesas Islands have been a Vicariate Apostolic since 15 April, 1848.PIOLET, Les Missions (Paris, s. d.); Gerarchia (1910); Missiones Catholicœ (Rome, 1907); WERNER, Orbis terrarum Catholicus (Freiburg, 1890); STREET, Atlas des Missions Cath. (Steyl, 1906); HAURIGOT, Les établissements français en Océanie (Paris, 1891); TOLNA, Chez les Cannibals (Paris, 1903); MARIN, Au Loin: souvenirs des Iles Marquises (Paris, 1891).J. C. GREY.Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Marquesas Islands — Marquesas redirects here. For the uninhabited island group in the U.S. State of Florida, see Marquesas Keys. Marquesan redirects here. For the language, see Marquesan language. Coordinates: 9°27′16″S 139°23′20″W / … Wikipedia
Marquesas Islands — [mär kā′zəz, mär kā′səz] group of islands in French Polynesia, in the E South Pacific: 405 sq mi (1,049 sq km); pop. 7,500 … English World dictionary
Marquesas Islands — /mahr kay zeuhz, seuhz, seuhs/ a group of French islands in the S Pacific. 5593; 480 sq. mi. (1245 sq. km). * * * Island group (pop., 1996: 8,064), French Polynesia. Located in the central South Pacific Ocean northeast of Tahiti, the Marquesas… … Universalium
Marquesas Islands — or French Îles Marquises geographical name islands S Pacific N of Tuamotu Archipelago in French Polynesia capital Taiohae (on Nuku Hiva) area 480 square miles (1248 square kilometers), population 7358 … New Collegiate Dictionary
MARQUESAS ISLANDS — (5), a group of 13 small volcanic mountainous islands in the S. Pacific, 3600 m. W. of Peru, under French protection since 1842, are peopled by a handsome but savage race, which is rapidly dying out; Chinese immigrants grow cotton; the more… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Marquesas Islands — Mar•que′sas Is′lands [[t]mɑrˈkeɪ zəz, səz, səs[/t]] n. pl. geg a group of French islands in the S Pacific. 6000; 480 sq. mi. (1245 sq. km) Mar•que′san, n. adj … From formal English to slang
Marquesas Islands — /maˌkeɪsæs ˈaɪləndz/ (say mah.kaysas uyluhndz) plural noun a group of French islands in the southern Pacific. 1243 km2. French, Îles Marquises … Australian English dictionary
Marquesas Islands — noun a group of volcanic islands in the south central Pacific; part of French Polynesia • Syn: ↑Iles Marquises • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archipelago • Part Holonyms: ↑French Polynesia, ↑French Oceania … Useful english dictionary
Marquesas Islands — Archipelago in South Pacific … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Marquesas Islands — isl. group, French Polynesia; 492 sq. mi … Webster's Gazetteer