Marianus Scotus
Marianus Scotus
Two Irish scholars of this name attained distinction in the eleventh century. Both spent the greater part of their lives in Germany

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Marianus Scotus
    Marianus Scotus
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Marianus Scotus
    There were two Irish scholars of this name who attained distinction in the eleventh century. Both spent the greater part of their lives in Germany.
    (1) MARIANUS SCOTUS, the chronicler, whose Irish name was Maelbrigte, or "Servant of Brigid", born, according to his own "Chronicle", in Ireland in 1028; died at Mainz, 1082. From the same source we learn also that in 1052 he became a monk, assuming the name Marianus, and that in 1056 he went to Cologne, where he entered the Irish monastery of St. Martin. Two years later, he tells us, he went to Fulda, visited Paderborn, and in 1059 was ordained priest at Würzburg. In 1060 he became a hermit, or recluse, at Fulda, whence in 1070 he moved to Mainz in obedience to an order from his former abbot, Siegfried, who was now archbishop of that see. His remains were interred in the monastery of St. Martin at Mainz. The only work which can with certainty be ascribed to Marianus is the "Universal Chronicle" (the incipit has the title "Mariana Scoti cronica clara"), a history of the world, year by year, from the beginning of the Christian era down to 1082. It has been published in various editions, the best of which are the Waitz edition in the "Monumenta Germaniæ" (V, 481 sqq.) and Migne's (P. L., CLXVII, 623 sqq.). It exists in at least two eleventh-century manuscripts, one of which (Vatican, 830) has strong claims to be considered an autograph. The material which Marianus gathered together with a great deal of intelligent industry was used very freely by subsequent chroniclers, such as Florence of Worcester and Siegbert of Gembloux. The chronological system, however, which Marianus defended as preferable, and which was based on his contention that the date of Christ's birth given by Dionysius Exiguus was twenty-two years too late, did not meet with general acceptance. He himself gives both systems. Besides the "Chronicle" several other works were ascribed to Marianus owing to a confusion of his name with that of his countryman, Marianus, Abbot of St. Peter's at Ratisbon.
    (2) MARIANUS SCOTUS, Abbot of St. Peter's at Ratisbon, born in Ireland before the middle of the eleventh century; died at Ratisbon towards the end of the eleventh century, probably in 1088. In 1067 he left his native country, intending to make a pilgrimage to Rome. Like many of his countrymen, however, who visited the Continent, he decided to settle in Germany, and did not return to Ireland. At Bamberg he became a Benedictine monk, and thence he went with some companions to Ratisbon (or Regensburg), where he founded the monastery of St. Peter and became its first abbot. After his death he was honoured as a saint, his feast being observed on 17 April, 4 July, or, according to the Bollandists, on 9 February. Marianus devoted himself to transcribing and glossing the text of the Scriptures. His success as a scribe, and the exceptional beauty of his calligraphy may be judged by a specimen of his work which has come down to us. This is Codex 1247 of the Imperial Library of Vienna containing the Epistles of St. Paul with glosses, some of which are in Latin and others in Irish. The latter were collected and published by Zeuss in his "Grammatica Celtica" (p. xxiv). The manuscript ends with the words "In honore individuæ trinitatis Marianus Scotus scripsit hunc librum suis fratribus peregrinis ..." (the date given is 16 May, 1078). Over the words 'Marianus Scotus" is the gloss: "Muirdach trog macc robartaig, i. e. Marianus miser filius Robartaci." The Irish form of his name was, therefore, Muirdach (from the root muir; hence, instead of the Latin form Marianus, there sometimes occurs Pelagius), and his family name was Robartaig, or Rafferty.
    (1) P. L., CXLVII, 602 sqq.; Mon. Germ. Hist.: Script., V, 481 sqq.; HAUSSEN, Diss. critica de antiquiss. cod. chronici Mar. Scoti (Frankfort, 1782); WATTENBACH, Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen. II (Berlin, 1874), 83 sqq.
    (2) Acta SS., Feb., II, 361 sqq.; Revue celtique, I (1870), 262 sqq.; Proceed., Royal Irish Acad., VII, 290 sqq.; Verhandl. hist. Ver. Oberpfalz-Regensburg (1879), XXVI.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Marianus Scotus — ist der Name folgender Personen: Marianus Scotus (Chronist) (1028–1082/1083), irischer Chronist Marianus Scotus (Buchmaler) († 1088), irischer Mönch und Buchmaler, Abt des Klosters St. Peter in Regensburg Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marianus Scotus — (1028 1082 ou 1083), est un chroniqueur irlandais (qui doit être distingué de son homonyme, abbé de St. Pierre de Ratisbonne mort en 1088), aussi appelé Máel Brigte, ou « Adepte de St. Brigid » (Devotee of St. Brigid en anglais). Il fut …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MARIANUS Scotus — Scotus an Hibernus? patriâ egressus A. C. 1052. Coloniae Monachi habitum sumpsit, A. C. 1058. Obiit A. C. 1086. aetat. 58. Chronographus insignis. Chronicon condidit a Nalo Christo usque ad A. C. 1083. quod Dodechinus Abbas continuavit, usque ad… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Marianus Scotus — Marianus Scotus, geb. 1028 in Schottland; verließ als Pilger 1056 sein Vaterland, wurde in Köln Mönch, wallfahrtete 1058 nach Paderborn, wurde 1059 in Würzburg zum Priester geweiht, dann zu Fulda u. 1069 zu Mainz Klausner u. starb als solcher… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Marianus Scotus — For other uses, see Máel Brigte (disambiguation). Marianus Scotus (1028–1082 or 1083), was an Irish monk and chronicler (who must be distinguished from his namesake Marianus Scotus, d. 1088, abbot of St Peter s, Regensburg), was an Irishman by… …   Wikipedia

  • Marianus Scotus — Para el beato homónimo, véase Mariano Escoto. Marianus Scotus o Scoto (1028 – 1082 o 1083), fue un monje y cronista, miembro de la Misión hiberno escocesa, irlandés de nacimiento y llamado Máel Brigte, «devoto de Santa Brígida». Fue educado por… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marianus Scotus — ▪ Irish historian original name  Moel Brigte (Gaelic: “Servant of Bridget”)   born 1028, Ireland died Dec. 22, 1082 or 1083, Mainz, Franconia [now in Germany]       chronicler who wrote a universal history of the world from creation to 1082 that… …   Universalium

  • Marianus Scotus (Chronist) — Marianus Scotus, gälisch: Máel Brigte (deutsch: Dienstmann der Brigid, (* 1028; † 1082 oder 1083 in Mainz) war ein mittelalterlicher irischer Chronist, der von seinem Namensvetter Marianus Scotus, dem Abt von St. Peter in Regensburg,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marianus Scotus (Kalligraf) — Marianus Scottus (gälisch: Muiredach; † ca. 1081 in Regensburg) war ein irischer Mönch und Schreiber, der das Kloster Weih Sankt Peter in Regensburg gründete. Er wurde vermutlich in Donegal oder Derry (Irland) geboren und gehörte der Familie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marianus Scotus (Buchmaler) — Marianus Scotus (gälisch: Muiredach; † 1088 in Regensburg) war ein irischer Mönch und Buchmaler, der Abt des Klosters St. Peter in Regensburg wurde. Er wurde in Donegal (Irland) geboren und gehörte der Familie MacRobartaigh an, die mit der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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