- Maliseet Indians
- Maliseet Indians• A tribe of Algonquian stock, occupying territory upon the lower St. John River, St. Croix River, and Passamaquody Bay, in western New Brunswick and northeastern Maine, and closely connected linguistically and historically with the Abnaki (Penobscot, etc.) of Maine
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Maliseet IndiansMaliseet Indians† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Maliseet IndiansAlso MALECITE, MALESCHITE and AMALECITE, the last being the official Canadian form.A tribe of Algonquian stock, occupying territory upon the lower St. John River, St. Croix River, and Passamaquody Bay, in western New Brunswick and northeastern Maine, and closely connected linguistically and historically with the Abnaki (Penobscot, etc.) of Maine. Their chief settlement was Medoctec, on the St. John, about ten miles below the present Woodstock, N.B. The name by which they are commonly known is of disputed origin, but may be derived as claimed by one authority, from their Micmac name, meaning "broken talkers". To the French explorers they were known as Etchemin, also of uncertain origin and meaning. Those about the bay are usually distinguished as Passamaquoddies.The acquaintance of the Maliseet with the French began probably even earlier than the voyage of Cartier in 1535, through the medium of the fishing fleets which to the French as early as 1558, but the tribe is first mentioned, under the name of Etchemin, in 1604, by Champlain, who entered the mouth of the river and was welcomed by the Indians with feasts and dances. They seem at this period to have been enemies to the Abnaki, who were afterward their closest allies. In the same year de Monts made a temporary settlement on an island in the bay and shortly afterward the French fort La Tour was built on the St. John. By this means the Maliseet obtained European goods and firearms, and formed a firm attachment for the French on whose side they fought in all the later colonial wars. In 1646 they were at war with the Gaspesiens, a Micmac band about Cape Gaspe at the mouth of the St. Lawrence, but in general they were in alliance with the Micmac (q.v.) and Abnaki, and like them in deadly hostility with the Iroquois of New York. The first mission teacher among the Maliseet was the Jesuit Pierre Biard, who visited them from his station among the Micmac in Nova Scotia in 1611-12. He estimated them at about 2500 souls.In 1677-8 the Jesuit father Jean Morain established the mission of Bon Pasteur at Riviere du Loup, on the south bank of the lower St. Lawrence, P.Q., jointly for the Gaspesien Micmac and the Maliseet, who ranged over that territory. The former were already under missionary influence, but the latter, as yet uninstructed were opposed to Christianity and given to drunkenness, superstition, and polygamy. They were nomadic and depended entirely upon hunting and fishing. Their houses were light structures of poles covered with bark, and their beds were skins spread upon the ground. Until the nomad habit was to some extent overcome, the missionaries found it necessary to accompany their flock in its wanderings.In 1688 the Recollect Fr. Simeon established a mission at Medoctec, which was soon after abandoned, probably in consequence of the outbreak of King William's war. About the same time others of the tribe attended the Abnaki mission at Sillery. In 1701 the Medoctec mission was re-established by the Jesuit Fr. Joseph Aubery, noted for his later work in Abnaki linguistics. Under his successors the tribe has long since been completely Christianized, being all consistent Catholics with a high reputation for morality and law-abiding qualities. Medoctec was finally abandoned about the year 1765. Except about 100 at Viger, P.Q., the Maliseet are all in New Brunswick, distributed upon small reserves, of which the most important is Tobique, with nearly 200 souls. The entire tribe, according to official report for I909, numbers 843, with probably a few others in eastern Maine.Jes. Rel., ed. THWAITES, especially I (Lescarbot), II and III (Biard), LX (Morain), LXI-LXVI; RAYMOND, Old Medoctc Fort in N.B. Hist. Soc. Colls., I (1896), no. 2 (Saint John); Annual Repts. (Canadian) Dept. Ind, Affs.(Ottawa).JAMES MOONEYTranscribed by Joseph P. Thomas
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Maliseet people — Aboriginal peoples in Canada … Wikipedia
Maliseet — Ehemalige Wohngebiete der Maliseet und heutige Wohnorte (rot) Die Maliseet (frz.Étchemin) sind ein nordamerikanischer Indianer Stamm. Sie sprechen eine Sprache, die zur Algonkin Sprachfamilie gehört. Ihre Heimat liegt im heutigen US Bundesstaat… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Maliseet — Name The Maliseet are also known as Wolastoqiyik , Malecite , and in French also as Malécites or Etchemins (the latter collectively referring to the Maliseet and Passamaquoddy.)Wolastoqiyik is the proper name for the people. They named themselves … Wikipedia
Penobscot Indians — • The principal tribe of the famous Abenaki confederacy of Maine Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Penobscot Indians Penobscot Indians … Catholic encyclopedia
Non-Status-Indians — Als Indian Act (frz. Loi sur les Indiens) wird ein kanadisches Gesetz von 1876 bezeichnet, das die rechtliche Situation der als First Nations bezeichneten Indianer bis heute regelt. Es wurde vom kanadischen Parlament auf Grundlage des… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Handbook of North American Indians — The Handbook of North American Indians is a multi volume set of encyclopedias published by the Smithsonian Institution beginning in 1978. To date, thirteen volumes are published.This work documents information about all Indigenous peoples of the… … Wikipedia
Abenaki — Infobox Ethnic group group=Abenaki caption=Flag of Western Abenaki poptime=around 4,500 popplace=United States (Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont) Canada (Quebec) rels= langs=English, Abenaki related=Algonquian peoples The Abenaki ( or Abnaki ) are a … Wikipedia
Catholic Indian Missions of the United States — Catholic Indian Missions of the United States † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Catholic Indian Missions of the United States The spiritual welfare of the native tribes of America was a subject of deep concern to the Governments of Catholic… … Catholic encyclopedia
Joint Tribal Council of the Passamaquoddy Tribe v. Morton — Court United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit Full case name Joint Tribal Council of the Passamaquoddy Tribe v. Rogers C. B. Morton, Secretary, Department of the Interior, et al … Wikipedia
Federally recognized tribes — are those Indian tribes recognized by the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs for certain federal government purposes.DescriptionIn the United States, the Indian tribe is a fundamental unit, and the constitution grants to the U.S. Congress the … Wikipedia