Leptis Magna

Leptis Magna
Leptis Magna
A titular see of Tripolitana

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Leptis Magna
    Leptis Magna
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Leptis Magna
    Leptis Magna, a titular see of Tripolitana. Founded by the Sidonians in a fine and fertile country, it was the most important of the three towns which formed the Tripoli Confederation. The remains of the ancient Phœnician town are still visible, with the harbour, quays, walls, and inland defence, which make it look like Carthage. This Semitic city subsequently became the centre of a Greek city, Neapolis, of which most of the monuments are buried under sand. Notwithstanding Pliny (Nat. Hist., V, xxviii), who distinguishes Neapolis from Leptis, there is no doubt, according to Ptolemy, Strabo, and Scyllax, that they should be identified. Leptis allied itself with the Romans in the war against Jugurtha. Having obtained under Augustus the title of civitas it seems at that time to have been administered by Carthaginian magistrates; it may have been a municipium during the first century of the Christian Era and erected by Trajan into a colony bearing the name of Colonia Ulpia Trajana, found on many of its coins. The birthplace of Septimius Severus, who embellished it and enriched it with several fine monuments, it was taken and sacked in the fourth century by the Libyan tribe of Aurusiani (Ammianus Marcellinus, XXVIII, vi) and has never since completely recovered. It was at that time the seat of the military government of Tripolitana.
    When Justinian took it from the Vandals in the sixth century, Leptis Magna was largely in ruins and buried under sand. It was rebuilt, and its walls were raised, their extent being reduced in order more easily to protect the town against the attacks of the Berber tribes dwelling beyond its gates. The duke, or military governor, who again took up his residence there, built public baths and several magnificent buildings; the Septimius Severus palace was restored, and five churches were built (Procopius, "De ædif.", VI-IV). The massacre of all the Berber chiefs of the Levathes, treacherously ordered by Duke Sergius at Leptis Magna in 543, provoked a terrible insurrection, through which the Romans almost lost Africa. Taken in the seventh century by the Arabs, who allowed it to be invaded by the sands, Leptis Magna is now only a majestic ruin called Lebda, sixty-two miles east of Tripoli. Besides vague traces of several large buildings, the remains of a vast circus, 380 yards by sixty-six yards, are visible. Five bishops are recorded: Dioga in 255, Victorinus and Maximus in 393, Salvianus, a Donatist, in 411, Calipedes in 484. This town must not be confounded with Leptis Minor, to-day Lemta in Tunisia.
    GAMS, Series episcoporum (Ratisbon, 1873), 466, col. 3; TOULETTE, Géog. de l'Afrique chrét.: Byzacène et Tripolitaine (Montreuil, 1894), 252-255; SMITH, Dict. Greek and Roman Geog., s. v., which gives detailed sources.
    S. VAILHÉ.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Leptis Magna — Leptis Magna, o Lepcis Magna como se le conoce en español, fue una ciudad importante de la república de Cártago, y después, del imperio romano. Sus ruinas están ubicadas cerca de Trípoli en Libia. La ciudad fue fundada por colonos fenicios… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leptis Magna — Ruinen von Leptis Magna* UNESCO Welterbe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leptis Magna — Site archéologique de Leptis Magna * Patrimoine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leptis Magna — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna State Party = Type = Cultural Criteria = i, ii, iii ID = 183 Region = Arab States Year = 1982 Session = 6th Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/183Leptis Magna,( ar. لبدة)… …   Wikipedia

  • Leptis Magna — Sitio arqueológico de Leptis Magna Nombre descrito en la Lista del Patrimonio de la Humanidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Leptis Magna — Lẹptis Mạgna,   Lẹpcis Mạgna, antike Hafenstadt in Nordafrika (Tripolitanien, heute Nordwestlibyen), zwischen Großer und Kleiner Syrte; gegründet im frühen 1. Jahrtausend als Handelsplatz der Phöniker mit Namen Lbqy oder Lpqy (daraus später… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Leptis Magna — modern Labdah Largest city of ancient Tripolis, located near modern Al Khums, Libya. Founded by the Phoenicians in the 6th century BC, it passed to Numidia in 202 BC but broke away in 111 BC to become an ally of Rome. The emperor Trajan made it a …   Universalium

  • Leptis Magna — geographical name ancient seaport N Africa near present day Al Khums …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Leptis Magna — stor. Labdah …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Leptis Magna (Titularbistum) — Leptis Magna ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es hatte seinen Sitz in der gleichnamigen antiken Stadt Leptis Magna, der heutigen Stadt Lebda (arabisch ‏لبد‎ Labda) in Libyen. Titularbischöfe von Leptis Magna Nr. Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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