- Lateran Councils
- Lateran Councils• A series of five important councils held at Rome from the twelfth to the sixteen century
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Lateran CouncilsLateran Councils† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Lateran CouncilsA series of five important councils held at Rome from the twelfth to the sixteen century. From the reign of Constantine the Great until the removal of the papal Court to Avignon, the Lateran palace and basilica served the bishops of Rome as residence and cathedral. During this long period the popes had occasion to convoke a number of general councils, and for this purpose they made choice of cities so situated as to reduce as much as possible the inconveniences which the bishops called to such assemblies must necessarily experience by reason of long and costly absence from their sees. Five of these councils were held in the Lateran palace, and are known as the First (1123), Second (1139), Third (1179), Fourth (1215), and Fifth Lateran Councils.Other, non-ecumenical councils were held at the Lateran, among the best known being those in 649 against the Monothelite heresy, in 823, 864, 900, 1102, 1105, 1110, 1111, 1112, and 1116. In 1725, Benedict XIII called to the Lateran the bishops directly dependent on Rome as their metropolitan see, i.e. archbishops without suffragans, bishops immediately subject to the Holy See, and abbots exercising quasi-episcopal jurisdiction. Seven sessions were held between 15 April and 29 May, and various regulations were promulgated concerning the duties of bishops and other pastors, concerning residence, ordinations, and the periods for the holding of synods. The chief objects were the suppression of Jansenism and the solemn confirmation of the Bull "Unigenitus," which was declared a rule of faith demanding the fullest obedience.H. LECLERCQ
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Lateran Councils — plural noun Five general councils of the Western Church, held in the Lateran basilica (1123, 1139, 1179, 1215, and 1512–17), regarded by Roman Catholics as ecumenical • • • Main Entry: ↑Lateran … Useful english dictionary
Lateran Councils — Councils held in the Lateran Palace in Rome. Some Lateran Councils were Ecumenical Councils … Who’s Who in Christianity
Lateran Councils — Латеранские соборы … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов
LATERAN COUNCILS III, IV — LATERAN COUNCILS III, IV. The third Lateran (11th Ecumenical) Council was summoned in 1179 by Pope Alexander III. Canon 26 adopted by the Council was concerned with relations between Jews and Christians. It prohibits Jews and Saracens from having … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Lateran — Lat er*an, n. The church and palace of St. John Lateran, the church being the cathedral church of Rome, and the highest in rank of all churches in the Catholic world. [1913 Webster] Note: The name is said to have been derived from that of the… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Lateran council — The Lateran councils were ecclesiastical councils or synods of the Catholic Church held at Rome in the Lateran Palace next to the Lateran Basilica. Ranking as a papal cathedral, this became a much favored place of assembly for ecclesiastical… … Wikipedia
Lateran — c.1300, popular name of cathedral church of St. John Lateran at Rome, which is built on the site of the palace of the Plautii Laterani, a Roman family. As a papal headquarters, it was the site of five general councils of the Western Church … Etymology dictionary
Lateran Council — Rom. Cath. Ch. any of the five ecumenical councils (1123, 1139, 1179, 1215, 1512 17) held in the Lateran Palace. * * * Any of five ecumenical councils of the Roman Catholic church held in the Lateran Palace in Rome. The First Lateran Council… … Universalium
Lateran Palace — The Lateran Palace, sometimes more formally known as the Apostolic Palace of the Lateran (Italian: Palazzo Laterano ), is an ancient palace of the Roman Empire and later a Papal residence. Adjacent to the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, the … Wikipedia
Lateran Council — noun any of five general councils of the Western Catholic Church that were held in the Lateran Palace • Hypernyms: ↑council • Hyponyms: ↑First Lateran Council, ↑Second Lateran Council, ↑Third Lateran Council, ↑Fourth Lateran Council, ↑Fifth Later … Useful english dictionary