- Jus Spolii
- Jus Spolii• A claim, exercised in the Middle Ages, of succession to the property of deceased clerics, at least such as they had derived from their ecclesiastical benefices
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Jus SpoliiJus Spolii† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Jus Spolii(RIGHT OF SPOIL; also called JUS EXUVIARUM and RAPITE CAPITE)Jus Spolii, a claim, exercised in the Middle Ages, of succession to the property of deceased clerics, at least such as they had derived from their ecclesiastical benefices. It was an outcome of ancient canons which forbade clerics to dispose by will of goods accruing from their ecclesiastical office. These canons were gradually relaxed because of the difficulty of distinguishing between ecclesiastical and patrimonial property. Abuses then arose. Churches were despoiled at the death of their incumbents. Bishops and archdeacons seized for the cathedral the spoil of abbeys and other benefices, on the pretence that all other churches were but offshoots of the cathedral. After the fall of the Western Empire any one present at the death of a cleric felt at liberty to carry off whatever property of the deceased, ecclesiastical or otherwise, he could seize (rapite capite, seize and take). As the civil power became more conscious of itself it began to restrain this indiscriminate plunder. The sovereign claimed for himself the "Jus Spolii" in the case of deceased bishops, while the smaller feudal lords laid similar claim to the property of all clerics who died in their domains. Councils (Tribur, 895; Trosly, 909; Clermont, 1095; II Lateran, 1139) of the Church legislated against these abuses, finally obtaining a renunciation of this so-called right. In the thirteenth century the Roman Church put forth in a modified way the same claim, and it eventually became a principle of canon law that the goods of beneficed ecclesiastics, dying intestate, belonged of right to the papal treasury. This right however was not allowed in France, Germany, Belgium, or Portugal. In the Kingdom of Naples a compromise was made at the close of the sixteenth century, whereby the right was renounced for an annual payment to the papal treasury.SÄGMÜLLER in Kirchenlex., s. v. Spolienrecht; FERRARIS, Bibliotheca prompta jur. can., s. v. Spolium; OJETTI, Synop. Rer. Mor. et Jur. Pont., s. v. Spolium.ANDREW B. MEEHAN.Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Jus Spolii — Jus Spolii, Latin for Right of Spoil, also called Jus Exuviarum or Rapite Capite, was a claim, exercised in the feudal era, of succession to the property of deceased clerics, at least such as they had derived from their ecclesiastical benefices.… … Wikipedia
Jus  — Jus (lat.), Recht, sowohl in objectivem (Rechtssatz), als subjectivem Sinne (Befugniß). Die allgemeinen Eintheilungen in J. commune, J. particulare, J. singulare, J. naturale etc. s.u. Recht. Von den einzelnen Arten sind hier noch hervorzuheben J … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Legacies — • In its most restricted sense, by a pious legacy or bequest (legatum pium) is understood, the assigning, by a last will, of a particular thing forming part of an estate, to a church or an ecclesiastical institution Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… … Catholic encyclopedia
Droit de régale — Droit de régale, a medieval legal term, originally denoted those rights that belonged exclusively to the king, either as essential to his sovereignty (jura majora, jura essentialia), such as royal authority; or accidental (jura minora, jura… … Wikipedia
Droit de Regale — Droit de Regale † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Droit de Regale (jus regaliœ, jus regale, jus deportus; Germ. Regalienrecht) Droit de Regale originally denoted those rights that belonged exclusively to the king, either as essential to… … Catholic encyclopedia
Польша (история)* — Период I. П. племенная и языческая. В конце VI в. по Р. Хр., с уходом германских племен из бассейнов Вислы, Одера и Эльбы, происходит миграция славян к западу и северу от их европейской стоянки на склонах Карпат и верховьях Вислы. Среди племен… … Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона
Польша — (история) Период I. П. племенная и языческая. В конце VI в. по Р. Хр., с уходом германских племен из бассейнов Вислы, Одера и Эльбы, происходит миграция славян к западу и северу от их европейской стоянки на склонах Карпат и верховьях Вислы. Среди … Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона
Spolienrecht — Das Spolienrecht (lat. ius spolii) ist die Befugnis, den beweglichen Nachlass eines katholischen Geistlichen einzuziehen. Die Praxis entstand aus der Sorge, dass Kleriker ihre durch kirchliche Benefizien gewonnenen Gelder an nichtkirchliche… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Benefice — • Popularly the term is often understood to denote either certain property destined for the support of ministers of religion, or a spiritual office or function, such as the care of souls Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Benefice … Catholic encyclopedia
Erbreichsplan — The Erbreichsplan (German for Plan for a Hereditary Empire ) was a plan formed by the Emperor Henry VI to change the Holy Roman Empire from an elective to a hereditary monarchy. Such a move would have drastically changed the character of the… … Wikipedia