- John Scholasticus
- John Scholasticus• Patriarch of Constantinople, the author of an important collection of ecclesiastical laws; b. at Sirimis near Antioch; d. 577
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- John ScholasticusJohn Scholasticus† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► John Scholasticus(ho Scholastikos; also called JOHN OF ANTIOCH)Patriarch of Constantinople (JOHN III, 565-77), the author of an important collection of ecclesiastical laws; b. at Sirimis near Antioch; d. 577. Of his life there is little to say. He had been a lawyer before his ordination. He then became a priest in the Antiochene patriarchate; he was sent by his patriarch as legate (apocrisarius) to Constantinople in the reign of Justinian I (527-65). In 565 Eutychius I of Constantinople was deposed, and John succeeded him. When John died in 577, Eutychius was restored. Before his elevation to the patriarchate John had already made a collection of canons. There were such collections in use before his time; at first the decrees of the more important synods had been put together in loose collections, such as the "Codex canonum" used by the Council of Chalcedon (451). Since the fifth century these collections had increased, and at last attempts were made to replace the merely chronological order by a systematic one. Of such systematic arrangements that of John Scholasticus was, if not absolutely the first, at any rate the first of any importance. Between the years 540 and 560 he made what he called Synagogy kanonon. Pope Nicholas I (858-67), writing to Photius, alludes to it as "Concordia canonum." The work contained fifty titles, each with the canons concerning the subject of the title. For instance, the first title is: "Of the honour towards patriarchs ordained by the Canons." This is established by canons vii and vi of Nicaea, ii of Constantinople I, viii of Ephesus. Altogether the compiler quotes the Apostolic canons, those of ten synods, and sixty-eight canons from St. Basil's second and third letters to Amphilochius. It is the first attempt to collect canons from the letters of Fathers. The first edition contains 377 canons, arranged under fifty titles. After he became patriarch, John III enlarged his collection to sixty titles, and added to it eighty-seven chapters from the "Novellae" of Justinian. Towards the end of the sixth century another author added twenty-five more chapters taken from both the Codex and the "Novellae," concerning civil laws that affect Church matters. So the collection grew till it was finally enlarged into the "Nomocanon" of Photius.VOELLUS AND JUSTELLUS, Bibliotheca iuris canonici veteris, II (Paris, 1661), 499-602, contains the text of the Concordia canonum; HEIMBACH, 'Anekdota, II (Leipzig, 1840), 202-34, re-edits the text with variants and additions; PITRA, Iuris eccles. Graecorum historia, II (Rome, 1868), 368 sqq.: HERGENROETHER, Das griechische Kirchenrecht in Archiv fuer katholisches Kirchenrecht, XXIII (1870), 208 sqq.; IDEM, Photius, III (Ratisbon, 1869), 92-9; LE QUIEN, Oriens Chrisianus, I (Paris, 1740), 225.ADRIAN FORTESCUETranscribed by John Fobian In memory of John Crowley, S.J.
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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John Scholasticus — (died August 31, 577) was the 32nd patriarch of Constantinople from April 12, 565 until his death in 577. He is also regarded as a saint of the Eastern Orthodox Church.He was born at Sirimis, in the region of Cynegia, near Antioch. There was a… … Wikipedia
John Scholasticus — ▪ Syrian theologian and jurist also called John Of Antioch born c. 503, , near Antioch, Syria died Aug. 31, 577, Constantinople patriarch of Constantinople (as John III), theologian, and ecclesiastical jurist whose systematic… … Universalium
John of Antioch — • There are four persons commonly known by this name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. John of Antioch John of Antioch † … Catholic encyclopedia
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John of Ephesus — (or of Asia) (c. 507 c. 586) was a leader of the Orthodox non Chalcedonian Syriac speaking Church in the sixth century, and one of the earliest and most important of historians who wrote in Syriac.LifeBorn at Amida (modern Diyarbakır in southern… … Wikipedia
John IV — Pope John IV † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John IV (640 642). A native of Dalmatia, and the son of the scholasticus (advocate) Venantius. The date of his birth is uncertain; d. 12 October, 642. At the time of his election he was… … Catholic encyclopedia
John of Epiphania — ( el. Ιωάννη Επιφανέως) was a late sixth century Byzantine historian. John was born in Epiphania (modern Hama, Syria). He was a Christian and served as a legal counselor to the Patriarch of Antioch, Gregory (ca. 590). John was also a cousin of… … Wikipedia