Ischia
Ischia
Diocese, suffragan to Naples

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Ischia
    Ischia
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Ischia
    Diocese of Ischia (Isclana).
    Ischia, suffragan to Naples, has for its territory the island of Ischia, in the Mediterranean Sea, which, geologically, forms a continuation of the volcanic district of Naples. Monte Epomeo, the highest point of the island (about 2570 feet), has been an extinct crater since 1302. The island has frequently been visited by earthquakes; one of the most disastrous was that of Casamicciola, a small village, in 1883. The island is very fertile and rich in mineral springs, which, owing to the pleasant situation and mild climate, attract many visitors. The two most important hot springs are Fontana d'Ischia and Formello. The capital of the island is Ischia, situated on a rock of basalt, crowned by a castle, which to-day serves as a prison. It was called Pithecusæ by the Greeks and Ænaria by the Romans. It was colonized by the Eubœans. In 474 B.C. it was taken by Hiero I, King of Syracuse, and in 326 by the Romans. The Emperor Augustus gave it to Naples, in exchange for Capri. In the Middle Ages it was often devastated (in 813 by the Saracens; in 1135 by the Pisans). In 1496 it was a refuge for Ferdinand II of Naples, fleeing before Charles VIII of France. In 1807 it was occupied by the British and Sicilians, and was used as a point of defence against the French. In 1179 the first Bishop of Ischia was appointed, Pietro, present at the Third Lateran Council. Other bishops were Fra Bartolomeo Borsolari (1359), an Augustinian, brother of Blessed Giacomo Borsolari, the Dominican, who is buried in the church of S. Domenico; the learned Spanish Cistercian, Michele Cosal (1453); Girolamo Rocca (1672), who restored the cathedral and bishop's residence; Michele Cotignola (1692), who also embellished the cathedral. Ischia has 14 parishes with 32,000 souls.
    Cappelletti, Le Chiese d'Italia, XIX (Venice, 1857); Ginocchi, Ischia (Rome, 1884).
    U. BENIGNI
    Transcribed by Ronald N. Neff In memoriam: Basil Christopher Butler, bishop

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ISCHIA — La plus grande des îles du golfe de Naples et l’ancienne Pithecusa. C’est là que s’établirent d’abord les premiers colons grecs venus de Chalcis et d’Érétrie en Eubée, qui devaient ensuite fonder Cumes sur la côte campanienne. Ischia était en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ischia — bezeichnet: Ischia (Insel), eine Insel im Golf von Neapel Ischia (Kampanien), eine Gemeinde auf dieser Insel in der italienischen Provinz Neapel Ischia di Castro, eine Gemeinde in der italienischen Provinz Viterbo Ischia (Pergine Valsugana), ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ischia — (spr. iskĭa, bei den Griechen Pithecussae, bei den Römern Aenaria genannt), Insel im Tyrrhenischen Meer, am nordwestlichen Eingang des Golfs von Neapel, zur ital. Provinz Neapel, Kreis Pozzuoli, gehörig, 10 km vom Festland (Kap Miseno) entfernt,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ischĭa — (spr. Iskia), 1) (bei den Alten Änaria), Insel im Meerbusen von Neapel, von der Küste durch einen zwei Stunden breiten Kanal geschieden; 24 QM., vulkanischen Ursprungs, mit dem 2364 Fuß hohen Vulkan Epomeo, der seit 1302 ausgebrannt u. von 12… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ischia — (spr. iskĭa), Insel im Tyrrhen. Meer, am Eingang des Meerbusens von Neapel [Karte: Italien I, 6], 46 qkm, (1901) 26.891 E., zur ital. Prov. Neapel gehörig, vortrefflicher Wein, berühmte heiße Bäder, höchster Gipfel der vulkanische Epomeo.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ischia — Ischia, 11/4 QM. große Insel vor dem Meerbusen von Neapel, vulkanisch (der 2356 hohe Epomeo war bis in das 14. Jahrh. thätig) mit heißen Quellen, trefflichem Wein, 24000 E. Hauptorte I. und Foria, beide mit Häfen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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  • Ischia (NA) — Infobox CityIT img coa =Ischia Stemma.png official name = Comune di Ischia region = Campania province = Naples (NA) elevation m = area total km2 = 8 population as of = December 31, 2004 population total = 18505 population density km2 = timezone …   Wikipedia

  • Ischia — Is|chia [ ɪski̯a ]; s: italienische Insel. * * * Ischia   [ iski̯a], Insel am Eingang zum Golf von Neapel, zur Provinz Neapel (Kampanien), Italien, gehörig, 46,4 km2, im Monte Epomeo 788 m über dem Meeresspiegel; die sechs Inselgemeinden haben 50 …   Universal-Lexikon

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