Herrad of Landsberg


Herrad of Landsberg
Herrad of Landsberg
A twelfth-century abbess, author of the 'Hortus Deliciarum'; born about 1130, at the castle of Landsberg, the seat of a noble Alsatian family; died 1195

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Herrad of Landsberg
    Herrad of Landsberg
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Herrad of Landsberg
    (or LANDSPERG)
    A twelfth-century abbess, author of the "Hortus Deliciarum"; born about 1130, at the castle of Landsberg, the seat of a noble Alsatian family; died 1195. At an early age she entered the convent of Odilenberg, or Hohenburg, which crowns one of the most beautiful of the Vosges mountains, about fifteen miles from Strasburg. Here she succeeded to the dignity of Abbess in 1167, and continued in that office until her death. As early as 1165 Herrad had begun within the cloister walls the work "Hortus Deliciarum", or "Garden of Delights", by which she is best known. The text is a compendium of all the sciences studied at that time, including theology. The work, as one would expect from what we know of the literary activity of the twelfth century, does not exhibit a high degree of originality. It shows, however, a wide range of reading and when we remember that it was intended for the use of the novices of Odilenberg, we are enabled to glean from it a correct idea of the state of education in the cloister schools of that age. Its chief claim to distinction is the illustrations, three hundred and thirty-six in number, which adorn the text. Many of these are symbolical representations of theological, philosophical, and literary themes, some are historical, some represent scenes from the actual experience of the artist, and one is a collection of portraits of her sisters in religion. The technique of some of them has been very much admired and in almost every instance they show an artistic imagination which is rare in Herrad's contemporaries. The poetry which accompanies the excerpts from the writers of antiquity and from pagan authors is not the least of Herrad's titles to fame. It has, of course, the defects peculiar to the twelfth century, faults of quantity, words and constructions not sanctioned by classical usage, and peculiar turns of phrase which would hardly pass muster in a school of Latin poetry at the present time. However, the sentiment is sincere, the lines are musical, and above all admirably adapted to the purpose for which they were intended, namely, the service of God by song. Herrad, indeed, tells us that she considers her community to he a congregation gathered together to serve God by singing the divine praises. The fate of Herrad's manuscript is well-known. After having been preserved for centuries at her own monastery it passed about the time of the French Revolution into the municipal library of Strasburg. There the miniatures were copied by Engelhardt in 1818. The text was copied and published by Straub and Keller, 1879-1899. Thus, although the original perished in the burning of the Library of Strasburg during the siege of 1870, we can still form an estimate of the artistic and literary value of Herrad's work.
    STRAUB U. KELLER, Hortus Deliciarum, folio ed. with plates (Strasburg, 1899); ENGELHARDT, Herrad von Landsberg (Stuttgart and Tübingen, 1819); SCHMIDT, Herrade de Landsberg (Strasburg, 1892); articles in: Bibl. de l'école des Chartes, I, 239; Gazette d'archéologie, IX, 57; Congrès archéol. de France, XXXVI, 274; see chapter in ECKSTEIN, Woman under Monasticism (Cambridge, 1896), 238 sqq.
    WILLIAM TURNER.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Herrad von Landsberg — Selbstbildnis aus dem Hortus Deliciarum, um 1180 Herrad von Landsberg (auch Herrad von Hohenburg, Herradis Landsbergensis), (* zwischen 1125 und 1130; † 25. Juli 1195 auf dem Odilienberg im Elsass) war Äbtissin und Schriftstell …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herrad of Landsberg — (c.1130 July 25 1195) was a 12th century Alsatian nun and abbess of Hohenburg Abbey in the Vosges mountains. She is known as the author of the pictorial encyclopedia Hortus deliciarum ( The Garden of Delights ).Herrad of Landsberg was born about… …   Wikipedia

  • Herrad von Landsberg — Herrad von Landsberg, Äbtissin zu Hohenburg im Elsaß, gest. 25. Juli 1195, verfaßte u. d. T. »Hortus deliciarum« (»Garten des Vergnügens«) eine Enzyklopädie alles Wissenswerten, die, mit Zeichnungen versehen, von den Nonnen bei der Kinderlehre… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Herrad von Hohenburg — Herrad von Landsberg Selbstbildnis aus dem Hortus Deliciarum, um 1180 Herrad von Landsberg (auch Herrad von Hohenburg, Herradis Landsbergensis), (* zwischen 1125 und 1130; † 25. Juli 1195 auf dem Odilienberg im Elsass) war Äbtissin und Sch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Landsberg — ist der Name folgender geographischer Orte: Landkreis Landsberg am Lech, Landkreis in Bayern Landsberg am Lech, Kreisstadt in Bayern Landsberg (Saalekreis), Stadt im Großraum Halle (Saale) Altlandsberg, Stadt in Brandenburg Deutschlandsberg,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herrad von Hohenburg — Herrad von Hohenburg,   Äbtissin des staufischen Damenstifts Hohenburg auf dem Odilienberg (Elsass), von adliger Abkunft (aber nicht: von Landsberg), ✝ nach 1196; Schülerin und ab 1176 Nachfolgerin der von Kaiser Friedrich I. eingesetzten… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Herrada de Landsberg — Autorretrato de Hortus deliciarum, hacia 1180. Herrada de Landsberg (nacida hacia 1130 fallecida el 25 de julio de 1195) fue una monja alsaciana del siglo XII y abadesa de la abadía de Hohenburg en los montes Vosgos. Es conocida principalmente… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Burg Landsberg (Elsass) — Kernburg der Burg Landsberg, Ostansicht Die Ruine der Burg Landsberg (französisch Château de Landsberg) im Elsass steht auf einem südlichen Ausläufer des Odilienbergmassivs rund 30 Kilometer südwestlich von Straßburg. In einer Höhe von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herrade De Landsberg — Autoportrait d Herrade de Landsberg tenant un parchemin où est écrite une de ses poésies, vers 1180 Herrade de Landsberg (née entre 1125 et 1130, décédée le 25 juillet 1195 à Hohenbourg) était une abbesse et une écrivain. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herrade de Landsberg — Autoportrait d Herrade de Landsberg tenant un parchemin où est écrite une de ses poésies, vers 1180 Herrade de Landsberg (née entre 1125 et 1130, décédée le 25 juillet 1195 à Hohenbourg) était une abbesse et une écrivaine. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français


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