- Grace at Meals
- Grace at Meals• One of the most ancient formulae of prayer at meals is found in a treatise of the fourth century, attributed without foundation to Saint Athanasius
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Grace at MealsGrace at Meals† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Grace at MealsIn Apostolic times St. Paul counsels the faithful: "Whether you eat or drink, or whatsoever else you do, do all to the glory of God" (I Cor., x, 31). This precept did not cease to be observed. "Before taking nourishment", says Clement of Alexandria, "it is fitting to praise the Creator of all things, and it is fitting also to sing His praises when we take as nourishment the things created by Him" (Paed., II, iv). Tertullian, a contemporary of Clement, shows us the Christians of the beginning of the third century making the sign of the cross on taking their places at table (De cor. milit., iii). "Our repasts", says he , refering to the Agape, "are in nothing vile or immodest. We do not recline until we have prayed to God. In like manner prayer concludes the feast" (Apol., xxxi). Christian archaeology has collected a large number of cup-bases on which may be read a short prayer, e. g. "Drink in Christ", "Drink piously", "To the worthiest of friends, drink and live with all thine and in thy turn make a toast".One of the most ancient formulae of prayer at meals is found in a treatise of the fourth century, attributed without foundation to Saint Athanasius. Having made the sign of the cross, the prayer followed: "We give Thee thanks, our Father, for the Resurrection which Thou hast manifested to us through Jesus, Thy Son; and even as this bread which is here on this table was formerly scattered abroad and has been made compact and one, so may Thy Church be reunited from the ends of the earth for Thy Kingdom, for Thine is the power and glory for ever and ever. Amen." Apart from its intrinsic interest this formula possesses a certain importance because it reproduces in part the formula of the "Didache". The prayer said on raising from table is a little longer:The merciful and compassionate Lord has given nourishment to those who fear Him. Glory be to the Father, to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost, now and forever and throughout the ages. Almighty God and Our Lord Jesus Christ, whose name is above all things, we give Thee thanks and praise Thee because Thou hast deigned to give us a portion of Thy goods and nourishment for our body. We pray and beseech Thee to give us in like manner heavenly nourishment. Make us fear and reverence Thy law and Thy terrible and glorious name, and grant that we may never disobey Thy precepts. Write in our hearts Thy law and Thy justice. Sanctify our mind, our soul, and our body through Thy dear Son, Jesus Christ Our Lord. To Whom with Thee belongs glory, dominion, honour, and adoration for ever and ever. Amen.It is not difficult to find examples in the writings of the Fathers of the Church, in the collections of canons, and in the liturgical books, notably in the Gelasian Sacramentary and the Bobbio Sacramentary (Muratori, "Liturgia Romana vetus", I, col. 745; II, col. 949).In the Roman Liturgy the Benedicite and the Graces are compositions in which Psalms cxlix and xxxiii are utilized, several versicles being omitted. From the most ancient times Psalm xxxiii has been pre-eminently the communion psalm. At the midday meal Ps.1 is recited, in the evening Ps. cxvi. The origin of these formulae is monastic, hence the pious commemorations of benefactors.On the chief liturgical feasts: Easter, Pentecost, etc., a selection of verses recalling the solemnity of the day is substituted for the formulae in use at ordinary times. See also THANKSGIVING.H. LECLERCQTranscribed by Joseph P. Thomas In memory of Mrs. Silvia Michael
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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GRACE AFTER MEALS — (Heb. בִּרְכַּת הַמָּזוֹן, Birkat ha Mazon), a central feature of the liturgical service in the Jewish home. It is considered to be a biblical ordinance, inferred from the verse Thou shalt eat and be satisfied and bless the Lord thy God for the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Grace Before Meals — Thanksgiving before and after Meals † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Thanksgiving before and after Meals The word grace, which, as applied to prayer over food, always in pre Elizabethan English took the plural form graces, means nothi … Catholic encyclopedia
GRACE BEFORE MEALS — The rabbis required a blessing before partaking of food since they considered it sacrilegious to enjoy of this world without a prior benediction (Ber. 35a). They instituted separate blessings for the various species of food, of which those over… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
grace after meals — noun a short prayer (grace def. 11) said after a meal … Australian English dictionary
grace before meals — noun a short prayer (grace def. 11) said before a meal … Australian English dictionary
grace at meals — Молитва перед едой … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов
grace before meals — This phrase refers to a benediction or blessing of the food that is about to be shared by a family or group. Sometimes this invocation is pronounced by the head of the household, sometimes by other members of the group, either individually or… … Glossary of theological terms
Grace (prayer) — Grace is a name for any of a number of short prayers said or an unvoiced intention held prior to partaking of a meal, thanking deity and/or the entities that have given of themselves to furnish nutrients to those partaking in the meal. Some… … Wikipedia
grace — In the OT, God s kindliness towards the people of Israel (Zech. 12:10 a ‘spirit of grace’ in LXX), which consists in the forgiveness of sins (Exod. 33:19). He gives graces (favours) which are undeserved gifts of his love (Isa. 63:7). This was the … Dictionary of the Bible
grace — n 1. elegance, tastefulness, fineness; refinement, culture, cultivation, polish, urbanity, suavity; taste, good taste, discrimination, discernment; savoir faire, tact, finesse; propriety, decorum, mannerliness, manners. 2. charm, winsomeness,… … A Note on the Style of the synonym finder