- Gerace• Diocese in the province of Reggio in Calabria (Southern Italy)
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- GeraceGerace† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► GeraceDIOCESE OF GERACE (HIERACENSIS).Diocese in the province of Reggio in Calabria (Southern Italy), on a lofty site overlooking the Ionian Sea, not far from Cape Spartivento. The city probably owes its origin, or at least its importance, to the ruin of the town of Locri Epizephyrii, one of the earliest Greek colonies in Lower Italy, founded by the Ozolian Locrians (684-680 B.C.) and endowed with a code of laws by Zaleucus. Through its advanced civilization and its trade Locri Epizephrii was brought into prominence. It suffered much during the wars of Dionysius the Younger and of Pyrrhus, and in the Second Punic War, when it passed into the hands of the Romans, retaining, however, the ancient constitution of Zaleucus. Its decay dates from this period. Before its total ruin, Locri Epizephrii had a bishop of its own; but in 709, under Bishop Gregory, the see was transferred to Gerace.The name Gerace is probably derived from Saint Cyriaca, whose church was destroyed by the Saracens in 915. They captured the town in 986, but in 1059 it fell into the hands of the Normans. Until 1467 the Greek Rite was in use at Gerace, and such had probably been the custom from the beginning. As early as the thirteenth century efforts were made to introduce the Latin Rite, which accounts for the schism between Latins and Greeks about 1250-1253. The latter demanded as bishop the monk Bartenulfo, a Greek whereas Innocent IV, in 1253, appointed Marco Leone. In 1467, bishop Atanasio Calceofilo introduced the Latin Rite. Among bishops of note are: Barlaam II (1342), Abbot of San Salvatore at Constantinople, and ambassador from the Emperor Andronicus to Benedict XII, apropos of the union of the two Churches. Barlaam at one time had opposed the idea, but later recognized his error, and Clement VI bestowed on him the See of Gerace. He taught Greek to Petrarch, Boccaccio, and others, and was thus one of the first of the Italian humanists. Bishop Ottaviano Pasqua (1574) wrote a history of the diocese. Another bishop, Giovanni Maria Belletti (1625), wrote "Disquisitiones Clericales"; Giuseppe Maria Pellicano (1818) rebuilt the cathedral, destroyed by an earthquake in 1783. Gerace is a suffragan of Reggio; it has 69 parishes, and 132,300 souls; 1 religious house for men, and 3 for women.U. BENIGNITranscribed by Gerald M. Knight
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Gerace — (spr. Dscheratsche), 1) District der neapolitanischen Provinz Calabria ulteriore I.; 2) Stadt u. Hauptort darin, unweit des Jonischen Meeres; Bischof, Kathedrale, 9 Kirchen, geistliches Seminar, Weinbau (Vino greco), Schwefelbäder; 6000 Ew. G.… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Gerace — (spr. dscherātsche), Kreishauptstadt in der ital. Provinz Reggio di Calabria, besteht aus dem am Ionischen Meer und an der Eisenbahn Metaponto Reggio gelegenen G. Marina und der 7 km westlich auf einem Kalkfelsen liegenden eigentlichen Stadt (G.… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Gerace — (spr. dscherahtsche), Stadt in der ital. Prov. Reggio di Calabria, am Ionischen Meere, (1901) 10.595 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Gerace — (Dscheratsche), neapolitan. Stadt in Calabria ulteriore, Bischofssitz mit 6000 E.; Mineralquellen … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Gerace — Infobox CityIT img coa = Gerace Stemma.gif official name = Comune di Gerace namne=Gerace region = Calabria province = Reggio Calabria (RC) elevation m = area total km2 = 28 population as of = 2001 population total = 3007 population density km2 =… … Wikipedia
Gerace — Original name in latin Gerace Name in other language Gerace, Gerace Superiore State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 38.27137 latitude 16.2207 altitude 413 Population 2973 Date 2012 02 15 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Gerace (Begriffsklärung) — Gerace bezeichnet Gerace, italienische Stadt Gerace ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Diane Gerace (* 1943), kanadische Hochspringerin Liliana Gerace (* 1921), italienische Schauspielerin Diese Seite ist eine Begr … Deutsch Wikipedia