- Foxe's Book of Martyrs
- Foxe's Book of Martyrs• Protestant martyrology, from Wyclif to Cranmer, illustrated with woodcuts. The author was a controversialist sympathetic to John Knox
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Foxe's Book of MartyrsFoxe's Book of Martyrs† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Foxe's Book of MartyrsJohn Foxe was born at Boston in Lincolnshire, England, in 1516, and was educated at Magdalen School and College, Oxford. He joined the more extreme Reformers early in life and under Edward VI acted as tutor to the children of the recently beheaded Earl Of Surrey. In Mary's reign he fled to Germany and joined the exiles at Frankfort. In the controversy which arose there he took sides with Knox and the extremists and after the break up of the Frankfort colony he went to Basle where poverty compelled him to take service with the Protestant (Protestantism) printer Oporinus. In 1539 he returned to England and entered the ministry, he was helped by his old pupil the Duke of Norfolk and was mainly occupied with his martyrology. He still belonged to the extremists and objected to the surplice. His opinions interfered with his prospects, but he was not an ambitious man. Though violent and dishonest in controversy, he was personally of a kind and charitable temper. Besides his "Acts and Monuments" he published a number of sermons, translations, and controversial attacks on Catholicism. He died in 1587.Even before leaving England in 1554 Foxe had begun the story of the persecutions of the Reformers. The result was the publication of a little Latin work dealing mainly with Wyclifism. While at Basle he was supplied by Grindal with reports of the persecution in England and in 1559 he published a large Latin folio of of 740 pages which began with Wyclif and ended with Cranmer. After his return to England he began to translate this book and to add to it the results of fresh information. The "Acts and Monuments" were finally published in l563 but came almost immediately to he known as the "Book of Martyrs". The critism which the work called forth led to the publication of a "corrected" edition in 1570. Two more (1576 and 1583) came out during his life and five (1596, 1610, 1632, 1641, 1684) within the next hundred years. There have been two modern editions, both unsatisfactory; they are in eight volumes and were published in 1837-41 and 1877. The size may be gathered from the fact that in the edition of 1684 it consists of three folio volumes of 895, 682, and 863 pages respectively. Each page has two columns and over eighty lines. The first volume besides introductory matter contains the story of early Christian persecutions, a sketch of medieval church history and an account of the Wyclifite movement in England and on the continent. The second volume deals with the reigns Henry VII and Edward VI and the third with that of Mary. A large number of official documents such as injunctions, articles of accusation, letters, etc., have been included. The book is illustrated throughout by woodcuts, some of them symbolizing the triumph of the Reformation, most of them depicting the sufferings of the martyrs.The Convocation of the English Church ordered in 1571 that copies of the "Book of Martyrs" should be kept for public inspection in all cathedrals and in the houses of church dignitaries. The book was also exposed in many parish churches. The passionate intensity of the style, the vivid and picturesque dialogues made it very popular among Puritan and Low Church families down to the nineteenth century. Even in the fantastically partisan church history of the earlier portion of the book, with its grotesque stories of popes and monks and its motley succession of witnesses to the truth (including the Albigenses, Grosseteste, Dante, and Savonarola) was accepted among simple folk and must have contributed much to anti-Catholic prejudices in England. When Foxe treats of his own times his work is of greater value as it contains many documents and is but largely based on the reports of eyewitnesses; but he sometimes dishonesty mutilates his documents and is quite untrustworthy in his treatment of evidence. He was criticized in his own day by Catholics such as Harpsfield and Father Parsons and by practically all serious eccesiastical historians.The most careful examination of his methods is to be found in Maitland, Essays on the Reformation in England (1849), and in Gairdner, History of the English Church from the ascension of Henry VIII to the Death of Mary (1903); Lee in Dict. of Nat. Biog. Gerard, John Foxe and His Book of Martyrs (Catholic Truth Society, London), includes the opinions of a number of Foxe's critics.F.F. URQUHARTTranscribed by Matthew Dean
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Foxe's Book of Martyrs — Foxe’s Book of Martyrs [Foxes Book of Martyrs] (also Acts and Monuments of these Latter and Perilous Days ; ) a book (1554) written by John Foxe (1516–87). It describes the deaths of the many British ↑ … Useful english dictionary
Foxe's Book of Martyrs — The Book of Martyrs , by John Foxe, is an apocalyptically oriented, English Protestant account of the persecutions of Protestants, mainly in England, many of whom had died for their beliefs within the decade immediately preceding its first… … Wikipedia
Foxe's Book of Martyrs — The Book of Martyrs is a famous Protestant text documenting the persecution of Christians through the ages, with a special focus on Protestants executed during the reign of Queen MARY I (r. 1553 58) of England. Written at the time of the… … Encyclopedia of Protestantism
Foxe’s Book of Martyrs — (also Acts and Monuments of these Latter and Perilous Days) a book (1554) written by John Foxe (1516–87). It describes the deaths of the many British Protestants who were killed because of their religious beliefs when the Catholic Mary I was… … Universalium
Book of Martyrs, Foxe's — • Protestant martyrology, from Wyclif to Cranmer, illustrated with woodcuts. The author was a controversialist sympathetic to John Knox Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
FOXE, John — (1517 1587) John Foxe was a zealous proponent of the English Reformation, renowned as the compiler of Acts and Monuments of These Latter and Perilous Days (first edition, 1563), known popularly as The Book of Martyrs. This monumental collection… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
Martyrs Mirror — Anabaptist Dirk Willems rescues his pursuer and is subsequently burned at the stake in 1569. The Martyrs Mirror or The Bloody Theater, first published in 1660 in Dutch by Thieleman J. van Braght, documents the stories and testimonies of Christian … Wikipedia
Foxe, John — (1516–87) Historian. Foxe was a native of Lincolnshire and was educated at the University of Oxford. He was acquainted with John bale who encouraged his interest in history and he was ordained in 1550 by Nicholas ridley. During the reign of … Who’s Who in Christianity
Foxe, John — (1516–1587) English clergyman, most remembered for the book commonly known as Foxe’s Book of Martyrs; not to be confused with George Fox (1624–1691), founder of the Society of Friends, or Quakers … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
FOXE, John — (1516 1587) English Protestant and author of Acts and Monuments of Matters Happening in the Church popularly known as Foxe s Book of Martyrs which documented ROMAN CATHOLIC persecution of PROTESTANTS. For at least two centuries this book was… … Concise dictionary of Religion