- Alexians• A religious institute which had its origin at Mechlin, in Brabant, in the fifteenth century, during the ravages of the 'black death.'
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- AlexiansAlexians† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► AlexiansOr CELLITES.A religious institute or congregation, which had its origin at Mechlin, in Brabant, in the fifteenth century, during the terrible ravages of a pest called the "black death." Certain laymen united under the guidance of a man named Tobias to succour the plague-stricken, without taking any vows or adopting a rule of life. One of their most obvious actions being the burial of those who died from the plague; they were known as "Cellites" (Lat. cella, a cell and hence, a grave). Later on, they chose as their patron, Alexius, a saint who served many years in a hospital at Edessa in Syria; and thenceforth they called themselves the Alexian Brothers. They spread rapidly through Germany, Brabant, Flanders, and other countries. As they were also styled Lollhorden (Old Germ. lollon, to sing softly) from their chants for the dead, they have consequently been sometimes confounded with the Wyclifian sect of heretics, the Lollards. They did not escape calumny and persecution, as appears from the Bull "Ad Audientiam Nostram" (2 Dec., 1377) which Gregory XI sent to the German bishops, especially those of Cologne, Trier, and Mainz, forbidding annoyance of the Cellites and enjoining punishment for their persecutors. This was followed by Bulls of a similar tenor from Boniface IX (7 Jan., 1396), Eugenius IV (12 May, 1431), Nicholas V, and Pius II. In 1469, the mother-house at Aix-la-Chapelle voiced the general feeling of the Brothers in asking the Prince Bishop of Liège, Louis de Bourbon, to raise that house to a convent of the Order of St. Augustine. This request was granted, and Father Dominicus Brock and five of the Brothers took the solemn vows of religious. This step and the revised constitution of the Order were confirmed by Pius IX (12 Sept., 1870).The Alexian Brothers have four hospitals in the United States. The first was built in Chicago, 1866; destroyed by the great fire, 9 Oct. 1871, and rebuilt the following year. The second, erected at St. Louis in 1869, covers an acre with its departments for the insane, nervous diseases, and inebriates. The third is at Oshkosh, Wis. (1880). The fourth was built at Elizabeth, N.J., on land given for that purpose by Right Rev. Bishop Wigger. Competent surgeons and physicians attend to the patients, and the Brothers are nurses and do the housework of the hospitals.Bishop Vaughan of Salford, England (later, Cardinal), invited the Alexian Brothers to take charge of a new home and hospital in his diocese, which led to their establishing themselves in England in June, 1875. Dr. Lacy, Bishop of Middlesborough, secured them for his diocese in 1884. In 1885, the Brothers established a Province of their Order and a novitiate in the United Kingdom. The latter, first attached to St. Mary's Convent, Newton Heath, Manchester, was later transferred to Twyford Abbey, near Ealing, which the Alexian Brothers had purchased. In England they do not have any asylums for the care of the insane, as in Germany, Belgium, and America. The English establishments are only for the aged and infirm.STEELE, Monasteries and Religious Houses of Great Britain and Ireland (London, 1903), 10-13; cf. Brief History of the Alexian Brothers (Chicago).JOHN J. A'BECKETTranscribed by Laura Ouellette
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Alexians — The Alexians, Alexian Brothers or Cellites are a Catholic religious institute or congregation specifically devoted to caring for the sick which has its origin in Europe at the time of the Black Death. The order follows the Augustinian rule.… … Wikipedia
List of Christian religious houses in North Rhine-Westphalia — This is a list of Christian religious houses, both for men and for women, whether or not still in operation, in North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. Most religious houses survived the Reformation, although many nunneries did so by becoming Lutheran… … Wikipedia
Alexius of Rome — Infobox Saint name=Saint Alexius birth date=5th Century death date=5th Century feast day=17 July in the West; 17 March in the East venerated in=Roman Catholic Church; Eastern Orthodox Church; Byzantine Catholic Churches; Syrian Orthodox Church;… … Wikipedia
Moston, Greater Manchester — Coordinates: 53°30′56″N 2°11′05″W / 53.515637°N 2.184762°W / 53.515637; 2.184762 … Wikipedia
Алексиане — (или целлиты) (лат. Congregatio Fratrum Cellitarum seu Alexianorum) католический орден. Возник в начале XIV века на территории современной Бельгии во времена тяжёлых эпидемий чумы и изначально назывался cellites (целлиты) от cella (келья).… … Википедия
Hospitals — • Originally, hospital meant a place where strangers or visitors were received; in the course of time, its use was restricted to institutions for the care of the sick Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hospitals Hospitals … Catholic encyclopedia
Dominican Order — For the Caribbean nation, see Dominican people. Order of Preachers Ordo Praedicatorum Abbreviation OP, Dominicans, Blackfriars Motto … Wikipedia
Society of Jesus — Jesuit redirects here. For the American hardcore punk band, see Jesuit (band). For the personal philosophy encompassing the moral teachings of Jesus, see Jesuism. Society of Jesus Abbreviation SJ, Jesuits Motto … Wikipedia
Carmelites — Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel Abbreviation Order of Carmelites (O.Carm.) Motto Zelo zelatus sum pro Domino Deo exercituu … Wikipedia
Carthusian — Order Abbreviation O.Cart., Carthusians Motto Stat crux dum volvitur orbis … Wikipedia