- Eutychius I
- Eutychius I• Patriarch of Constantinople, b. about 512, in Phrygia; d. Easter Day, 5 April, 582
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Eutychius I† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Eutychius IPatriarch of Constantinople, b. about 512, in Phrygia; d. Easter Day, 5 April, 582. He became a monk and then archimandrite at Amasea, in Pontus. In 552 his bishop sent him on business to Constantinople, where he seems to have made a great impression on Justinian I (527-565), so much so that when Mennas the Patriarch (536-552) died, the emperor procured Eutychius's election as successor, on the very same day (in August). The great quarrel of "the Three Chapters" was then going on. Justinian thought he could conciliate the Monophysites, in Egypt, and Syria, by publishing anathemas against three theologians — long dead — who were suspect of the opposite heresy, Nestorianism. The three points (called kephálaia, capitula) were:(1) the condemnation of the person and works of Theodore of Mopsuestia (428);(2) the condemnation of the writings of Theodoret of Cyrus (c. 457) against the Council of Ephesus;(3) a letter of one Ibas, to a Persian named Maris, which attacked that Council. It should be noted that these documents certainly were Nestorian, and that their condemnation involved no real concession to Monophysitism. The question at issue was rather, whether it were worth while, on the chance of conciliating these Monophysites, to comdemn people who had died so long ago. It is also true that, in the West, people suspected in these Three Chapters a veiled attack on Chalcedon. Justinian's "Edict of the Chapters" appeared in 544. It was accepted in the East and rejected in the West. Pope Vigilius (540-555) was the unhappy victim of the quarrel. In 548 he accepted the Edict by a Iudicatum, which also carefully guarded Chalcedon. He had himself just come to Constantinople, in order to preside at a Council that should confirm the three anathemas. But he found that, by his Iudicatum, he had grievously offended his own Western bishops. Dacius of Milan, and Facundus of Hermiane led the opposition against him, and in 550 a Synod of Carthage excommunicated the Pope. Vigilius then began that career of indecision that has left him the reputation of being the weakest Pope that reigned. He was still at Constantinople when Eutychius became Patriarch. Eutychius sent him the usual announcement of his own appointment and the usual (and quite orthodox) profession of faith. At the same time, he urged him to summon the Council at once. Meanwhile Justinian had published a second, and still stronger, condemnation of the Three Chapters (23 Dec., 551). Vigilius gave, and then withdrew, his consent to the Council. Justinian insisted on the exclusion of the African bishops, who were all strongly opposed to his condemnations. In spite of the Pope's refusal, the council met on 5 May, 553, at Constantinople. A hundred and sixty-five bishops attended. This is what was afterwards recognized as the Fifth General Council (Constantinople II). On 14 May the Pope sent them a modified Decree, called the Constitution, in which he condemned sixty propositions taken from Theodore of Mopsuestia, but forbade the condemnation of the other Chapters. As he would not attend the council Eutychius presided. The Council wrote respectfully to the Pope, but, in spite of the Constitution, completely confirmed Justinian's edicts, in its eighth session. It also acknowledged the formula Unus de Trinitate passus est as orthodox, and incidentally condemned Origen. (Can. 11, 12, 13, 14. For this Council see Liberati Breviarium, infra; Mansi, IX, 163; Hefele, Conciliengesch., 2nd ed., II, 898 sqq.) Vigilius gave in on 8 December, after months of ill-treatment, was allowed to go back to Rome, and died on the way, in Sicily, in 554. [There is an account of all this story in Fortescue's Orth. Eastern Church, 82-83.]Eutychius had, so far, stood by the Emperor throughout. He composed the decree of the Council against The Chapters (Mansi, IX, 367-575). In 562, he consecrated the new church of Sancta Sophia. His next adventure was a quarrel with Justinian about the Aphthartodocetes. These were a sect of Monophysites, in Egypt, who said that Christ's body on earth was incorruptible (’aphthorá), and subject to no pain. The Emperor saw in the defence of these people a new means of conciliating the Monophysites, and, in 564, he published a decree defending their theory (Evagrius, Hist. Eccl., IV, 391). Eutychius resisted this decree, so on 22 January, 565, he was arrested in the church, and banished to a monastery at Chalcedon. Eight days later a synod was summoned to judge him. A ridiculous list of charges was brought against him; he used ointment, he ate deliciously, etc. (Eustathius, Vita S. Eutych., 4, 5). He was condemned, deposed, and sent to Prince's Island in Propontis. Thence he went to his old home at Amasea, where he stayed twelve years. Joannes Scholasticus succeeded as Patriarch (John III, 566-577); and after his death, in 577, the Emperor Justin II (565-578) recalled Eutychius, who came back in October. At the end of his life Eutychius evolved a heretical opinion denying the resurrection of the body. St. Gregory the Great was then Apocrisiarius (legate) of the Roman See, at Constantinople. He argued about this question with the patriarch, quoting Luke, xxiv, 39, with great effect, so that Eutychius, on his death-bed, made a full and orthodox profession of faith as to this point. St. Gregory tells the whole story in his "Exp. in libr. Job" (Moralium lib. XIV, 56); Eutychius dying said: "I confess that we shall all rise again in this flesh". (See also Paul. Diac.: Vita Greg. Mag. I, 9.) His extant works are his letter to Pope Vigilius (Migne, P. L., LXIX, 63, P. G. LXXXVI, 2401), a fragment of a "Discourse on Easter" (Mai: Class. Auct. X, 488, and Script. Vet. Nov. Coll. IX, 623); and other fragments in P. G., LXXXVI. His life was written by his disciple Eustathius, a priest of Constantinople. His feast is kept by the Byzantine Church on 6 April, and he is mentioned in our "Corpus Iuris" (Grat., I pars., Dist. XVI, Cap. x).EUSTATHIUS, Vita St. Eutychii in Acta SS., April, I, 550-573; EVAGRIUS, Hist. Eccl., IV, 37, 38; V, 16, 18; HEFELE, Conciliengesch., II, II, 852, etc.ADRIAN FORTESCUETranscribed by WGKofron With thanks to Fr. John Hilkert, Akron, Ohio
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Eutychius — • Melchite Patriarch of Alexandria, author of a history of the world, b. 876, at Fustat (Cairo); d. 11 May, 940 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Eutychius Eutychius … Catholic encyclopedia
Eutychius — Eutychius, arabisch: Said Ibn Batrik, geb. zu Fostat in Aegypten, berühmter Arzt, 933–50 Patriarch der Melchiten zu Alexandrien. Schrieb Annalen als »Zusammenstellung der Edelsteine«, welche von Adam bis 940 nach Chr. reichen. Sprache arabisch u … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
EUTYCHIUS — Patr. CP. post Mennam. Huius tempore Concilium 5. Oecum. habitum est Imp. Iustiniano, ob novum errorem, reprehenso; depositus, surrogato Ioh. Post huius mortem vero restitutus, scripsit de Resurrectione contra Gentiles, sed simul, in Origenis… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Eutychius — For the Christian martyr St. Eutychius, see Saint Placidus (martyr). There is another St. Eutychius who was a companion of Proculus of Pozzuoli. See also Patriarch Eutychius of Constantinople and Patriarch Eutychius of Alexandria. Eutychius (died … Wikipedia
Eutychius — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents souverains partageant un même nom. Eutychius ou Eutyches ou Eutychès ou Eutyché ou Eutyche est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Prénom ou patronyme … Wikipédia en Français
Eutychius — Eutychios (lat. Eutychius) ist der Name mehrerer Personen: eines christlichen Märtyrers im 4. Jahrhundert, siehe Eutychios (Märtyrer) eines Patriarchen von Konstantinopel im 6. Jahrhundert, siehe Eutychios (ökum. Patriarch) eines Exarchen von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Eutychius, S. (7) — 7S. Eutychius, Patriarch. (6. April). Dieser hl. Eutychius wurde im J. 512 zu Thejo in Phrygien geboren und von seinem Großvater zu Augustopolis wohl erzogen. Im 12. Jahre seines Alters kam er wissenschaftlicher Ausbildung wegen nach… … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Eutychius, S. (12) — 12S. Eutychius (Eutichius), Abb. et Florentius, Mon. (23. Mai, al. 28. Dec.) Diese Heiligen waren die ersten Mönche, welche bei Nursia, dem Geburtsorte des hl. Benedictus, nächst Gott diesem zur Ehre ein Kirchlein und einige Zellen bauten und in… … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Eutychius, S. (16) — 16S. Eutychius, Ep. (5. Juni). Von frommen Eltern zu Vico, unweit von Como, in Oberitalien geboren und ausgezeichnet durch Tugend und Wissenschaft, succedirte dieser hl. Eutychius dem Bischofe Eusebius von Como (Novocomum) auf dem bischöfl.… … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Eutychius, S. (20) — 20S. Eutychius, (2. Sept.), ein Martyrer, den die Bollandisten mit 9 Gefährten aufführen. Die Namen der Letztern stehen auch im Mart. Rom. am 2. September, aber nicht der des hl. Eutychius. S. im I. Bande unter S. Diomedes13. (I. 358.) … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon