- Eudocia• Ælia Eudocia, sometimes wrongly called Eudoxia, was the wife of Theodosius II; died c. 460. Her original name was Athenais, and she was the daughter of Leontius, one of the last pagans who taught rhetoric at Athens
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- EudociaEudocia† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Eudocia(EUDOKIA).Ælia Eudocia, sometimes wrongly called Eudoxia, was the wife of Theodosius II; died c. 460. Her original name was Athenais, and she was the daughter of Leontius, one of the last pagans who taught rhetoric at Athens. Malalas and the other Byzantine chroniclers make the most of the romantic story of her marriagte. Leontius when dying left nearly all his property to his two sons. To Athenais he bequeathed only 100 pieces of gold with the explanation that she would not need more, since "her luck was greater than that of all women". She came to Constantinople to dispute this will, and was there seen by Pulcheria, the elder sister of Theodosius II, who ruled for him till he should be of age. The emperor had already expressed his wish to marry (he was just twenty years old); both he and Pulcheria were greatly delighted with Athenais. Malalas (op. cit., p. 353) enlarges on her beauty. She was instructed in the Christian Faith and baptized by the Patriarch Atticus. On 7 June, 421, she married Theodosius. At her baptism she had taken the name Eudocia. Pulcheria took charge of her education in the deportment that was expected of an empress. Theodosius and Eudocia had one daughter, Eudoxia, who married the Western Cæsar, Valentinian III (425-455). It seems that after the wedding a certain rivalry began between Pulcheria and Eudocia and that this was the beginning of the empress's troubles. In 438 Eudocia made her first pilgrimage to Jerusalem; on the way she stopped at Antioch and made a speech with a quotation from Homer that greatly delighted the citizens–so much so that they set up a golden statue in her honour. From Jerusalem she brought back St. Peter's chains, of which she sent half to her daughter in the West, who gave it to the pope. The basilica of St. Peter ad Vincula was built to receive this chain (Brev. Rom., 1 Aug., Lect. 4-6).In 441 Eudocia fell into disgrace through an unjust suspicion of infidelity with Paulinos, the "Master of the Offices". Paulinos was murdered and Eudocia banished. In 442 she went back to Jerusalem and lived there till her death. She became for a time an ardent Monophysite. In 453 St. Leo I of Rome wrote to convert her. She then returned to the Catholic Faith and used her influence in Palestine in favour of the Council of Chalcedon (451). Theodosius II died in 450, Pulcheria in 453; another dynasty under Marcian took the place of the line of Theodosius the Great. Eudocia, forgotten by the world, spent her last years in good works and quiet meditation at the holy places of Jerusalem. She was buried in the church of St. Stephen, built by her outside the northern gate. Byzantine history offers few so strange or picturesque stories as that of the little pagan Athenian who, after having been mistress of the civilized world, ended her days as an ardent mystic, almost a nun, by the tomb of Christ. Eudocia wrote much poetry. As empress she composed a poem in honour of her husband's victory over the Persians; later at Jerusalem she wrote religious verse, namely, a paraphrase of a great part of the Bible (warmly praised by Photius, Bibliotheca, 183), a life of Christ in Homeric hexameters, and three books telling the story of Sts. Cyprian and Justina (a legend about a converted magician that seems to be one version of the Faust story; see Th. Zahn, "Cyprian von Antiochien und die deutsche Faustsage", 1887). The extant fragments of these poems were edited by A. Ludwich, "Eudociæ Augustæ … carminum græcorum reliquiæ" (Leipzig, 1897). See also fragments in P.G., LXXXV, 832 sqq.Another Byzantine empress of the same name (d. 404), like the above often wrongly called Eudoxia, daughter of the Frank general Bauto, and wife of Emperor Arcadius, was the cause of the first and second exile of St. John Chrysostom. After the fall of the eunuch Eutropius this beautiful but proud and avaricious woman dominated Arcadius. She was the mother of Pulcheria and Theodosius II. The homily against her attributed to St. John Chrysostom (P.G., LIX, 485) is not genuine. Cf. Tillemont, "Hist. des Empereurs" (Paris, 1701), V, 785.MALALAS, Chronographia, ed. DINDORF (Bonn, 1831); repr. in P.G., XCVII, 9-790, pp. 353-358; SOCRATES, H. E., VII, xxi, 47; EGRIUS, H. E., I, xx-xxii; WIEGAND, Eudoxia, Gemahlin des ostr246;mischen Kaisers Theodosius III (Worms, 1871); GREGOROVIUS, Athenaïs Geschichte einer byzantinischen Kaiserin (Leipzig, 1892); DIEHL, Athenaïs in Figures Byzantines (Paris, 1906, pp. 25-49), I, ii.ADRIAN FORTESCUETranscribed by WGKofron With thanks to St. Mary's Church, Akron, Ohio
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Eudocia — (* 439; † 471/472 in Jerusalem) war die Tochter Licinia Eudoxias und des weströmischen Kaisers Valentinian III. und damit Enkelin des oströmischen Kaisers Theodosius II. und der Athenaïs. 455 wurde sie von den Vandalen unter Geiserich bei der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Eudocia (5) — 5Eudocia (Eudoxia), Imperatrix (13. Aug.) Die Griechen weihen einer Kaiserin dieses Namens ein frommes Andenken. Diese kann wohl keine andere seyn, als die Gemahlin des Kaisers Theodosius II. Sie war die Tochter des Philosophen Leontius (nach… … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Eudocia — ▪ Byzantine empress original name Athenais born c. 400, Athens died Oct. 20, 460, Jerusalem wife of the Eastern Roman emperor Theodosius II. She was a highly cultured woman who, in rivalry with her sister in law, the empress Pulcheria,… … Universalium
EUDOCIA — I. EUDOCIA Theodosii filia, Valentiniani uxor. Trip. Hist. l. 12. c. 13. Vide et Eudoxia. II. EUDOCIA cum filiis Graecis imperavit, mensibus 7. A. C. 1070 … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Eudocia, S. (1) — 1S. Eudocia, (6. Jan.), eine Nonne im Kloster zur hl. Cäcilia in Rom. Bei Bucelin wird sie unter die Heiligen gezählt. – Der Name stammt vom Griech. εἰδοκία = Zufriedenheit, guter Wille etc. (Buc.) … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Eudocia, S. (2) — 2S. Eudocia (Eudoxia), M. (1. März). Diese hl. Eudokia wurde zu Samaria unter der Regierung des Kaisers Trajan geboren. Sie glänzte durch hellen Verstand, besaß ein heiteres Gemüth, und zeichnete sich auch durch körperliche Schönheit vor den… … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Eudocia, S. (3) — 3S. Eudocia, M. (4. Aug.) Diese Heilige war im Morgenlande von römischen Eltern geboren. Sie gerieth in persische Gefangenschaft. In den heiligen Wissenschaften wohl unterrichtet, wirkte sie wohlthätig auf ihre Mitgefangenen, und führte besonders … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Eudocia (4) — 4Eudocia, (16. März), eine fromme Büßerin von Girgenti (Agrigentum) in Sicilien. (II. 416.) … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Eudocia (6) — 6Eudocia, (6. Rov.), eine Benedictiner Nonne zu Rom. (El.) … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
EUDOCIA — the ill fated daughter of an Athenian Sophist, wife of Theodosius II., embraced Christianity, her name Athenais previously; was banished by her husband on an ill founded charge of infidelity, and spent the closing years of her life in… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia