Euchologion


Euchologion
Euchologion
The name of one of the chief Service books of the Byzantine Church. It corresponds more or less to the Missal and Ritual

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Euchologion
    Euchologion
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Euchologion
    The name of one of the chief Service-books of the Byzantine Church; It corresponds more or less to our Missal and Ritual. The Euchologion contains first, directions for the deacon ( see Deacons ) at the Hesperinon (Vespers), Orthros (Lauds), and Liturgy. The priest's prayers and the deacon's litanies for those two hours follow; Then come the Liturgies; first, rubrics for the holy Liturgy in general, and a long note about the arrangement of the breads at the Proskomide. The Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom is the frame into which the others are fitted. The Euchologion contains only the parts of priest and deacon ( see Deacons ) at full length, first for the Chrysostom-liturgy, then for those parts of St. Basil's Liturgy that differ from it, then for the Presanctified-Liturgy, beginning with the Hesperinon that always precedes it; After the Liturgies follow a collection of sacraments and sacramentals with various rules, canons, and blessings. First the rite of churching the mother after child-birth (euchai eis gynaika lecho), adapted for various conditions, then certain "canons of the Apostles and Fathers" about baptism, prayers to be said over catechumens, the rite of baptism, followed by the washing (apolousis) of the child, seven days later, certain exorcisms of St. Basil and St. John Chrysostom, and the rite of consecrating chrism (myron) on Maundy Thursday. Then follow the ordination services for deacon ( see Deacons ), priest, and bishop (there is a second rite of ordaining bishops "according to the exposition of the most holy Lord Metrophanes, Metropolitan of Nyssa"), the blessing of a hegumenos (abbot) and of other superiors of monasteries, a prayer for those who begin to serve in the Church, and the rites for minor orders (reader, singer, and subdeacon).
    The ceremonies for receiving novices, clothing monks in the mandyas (the "little habit") and in the "great and angelic habit" come next, the appointing of a priest to be confessor (pneumatikos) and the manner of hearing confessions, prayers to be said over persons who take a solemn oath, for those who incur canonical punishments, and for those who are absolved from them. Then comes a collection of prayers for various necessities. A long hymn to Our Lady for "forgiveness of sins", written by a monk, Euthymius, follows, and we come to the rites of espousal, marriage (called the "crowning", Stephanoma, from the most striking feature of the ceremony), the prayers for taking off the crowns eight days later, the rite of second marriages (called, as by us, "bigamy", digamia, in which the persons are not crowned), and the very long unction of the sick (to hagion elaion), performed normally by seven priests. Next, blessings for new churches and antiminsia (the corporal containing Relics they use for the Liturgy; it is really a kind of portable altar), the ceremony of washing the altar on Maundy Thursday, erection of a Stauropegion (exempt monastery), the short blessing of waters (hagiasmos), and the great one (used on the Epiphany) followed by a sacramental which consists of bathing (nipter) afterwards. After one or two more ceremonies, such as a curious rite of kneeling (gonyklisis, otherwise a rare gesture in the Eastern Churches) on the evening of Whitsunday, exorcisms, prayers for the sick and dying, come the burial services for laymen, monks, priests. Then follows a very miscellaneous collection of prayers and hymns (marked euchai diaphoroi), canons of penance, against earthquakes, for time of pestilence, and war, and two addressed to Our Lady. More prayers for various occasions end the book; In modern Euchologia, however, it is usual to add the "Apostles" (the Epistles) and Gospels for the chief feasts (these are taken from the two books that contain the whole collection of liturgical lessons), and lastly the arrangement of the court of the œcumenical patriarch in choir, with rubrical directions for their various duties during the Liturgy. This last chapter is found, of course, only in the Orthodox book.
    It will be seen, then, that the Euchologion is the handbook for bishops, priests, and deacons ( see Deacons ); It contains only the short responses of the choir, who have to use their own choir-books (Triodion, Pentekostarion, Oktoechos, Parakletike, Menologion). The Euchologion, in common with all Byzantine service-books, suffers from an amazing want of order. One discerns a certain fundamental system in the order of its chief parts; but the shorter services, blessings, prayers, hymns, etc. are thrown together pell-mell.
    The first printed edition was published at Venice in 1526; The Orthodox official edition in Greek is printed (as are all their books) at the Phoenix press (typographeion ho Phoinix) at Venice (7th ed., edited by Spiridion Zerbos, 1898). There is also an Athenian edition and one of Constantinople. The Churches that use other liturgical languages have presses (generally at the capital of the country, St. Petersburg, Bukarest, Jerusalem) for their translations. Provost Alexios Maltzew of the Russian Embassy Church at Berlin has edited the Euchologion in Old Slavonic and German with notes (Vienna, 1861, reprinted at Berlin, 1892). Uniats use the Propaganda edition and have a compendium (mikron euchologion) containing only the Liturgies, Apostles and Gospels, baptism, marriage, unction, and confession (Rome, 1872). J. Goar, O. P., edited the Euchologion with very complete notes, explanations, and illustrations (Euchologion, sive Rituale Græcorum, 2nd ed., Venice, fol., 1720); this is still the standard work of reference for Byzantine rites.
    ADRIAN FORTESCUE.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Euchologion — (Eὐχολόγιον) nennt man das liturgische Buch verschiedener Ostkirchen, das sämtliche oder einen Teil jener Gebete umfasst, die Bischöfe und Presbyter als Vorsteher von Gottesdiensten zu sprechen haben. Im Abendland entspricht ihm das Sakramentar.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Euchologion — Eu cho*lo gi*on, Euchology Eu*chol o*gy, n. [NL. euchologion, Gr. ? prayer book; ? prayer, vow (fr. ? to pray) + ? to say, speak.] (Eccl.) A formulary of prayers; the book of offices in the Greek Church, containing the liturgy, sacraments, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Euchologĭon — (griech., Euchologium), das Hauptritualbuch der griechischen Kirche, die beiden Meßliturgien des Chrysostomos und des Basilius, Formulare für die Verwaltung der übrigen Sakramente und eine Anzahl von Gebeten umfassend (hrsg. griechisch und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Euchologion — Euchologĭon (grch.), das Hauptritualbuch der griech. Kirche, deutsch von Maltzew (1890 92) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Euchologion — For the Book of Common Order , sometimes called The Order of Geneva or Knox s Liturgy , see that entry. The Euchologion (Greek: polytonic|εὐχολόγιον ; Slavonic: Молитвословъ , Molitvoslov ; Romanian: Molitfelnic ) is one of the chief liturgical… …   Wikipedia

  • euchologion — Gk. /ef khaw law yee awn/; Eng. /yooh keuh loh jee on , euhn/, n., pl. euchologia Gk. / yee ah/; Eng. / jee euh/. Eastern Ch. a service book containing liturgies, prayers, and other rites. Also, euchology. [1645 55; < eccl. Gk euchológion prayer… …   Universalium

  • Euchologion — Eu|cho|lo|gi|on [...ço...] das; s, ...gia <aus gleichbed. mgr. euchológion zu gr. euche̅ »Gebet« u. légein »lesen, sammeln«> wichtigste Gebetsammlung der orthodoxen Kirche …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Euchologion — The book comprising the Liturgy of the Eucharist. Originally a comprehensive prayer book but now confined to the prayers used in the evening and morning offering of incense, and the three anaphoras of SS. Basil, Gregory The Theologian, and Cyril… …   Dictionary of church terms

  • Euchologion — Eucholọgion   [griechisch »Buch der Gebete«] das, s/...gia, orthodoxe Liturgie: das wichtigste Ritualbuch der byzantinischen Liturgie; es enthält u. a. die Liturgien des Johannes Chrysostomos und des Basilius. Sein Inhalt entspricht dem… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • euchologion — eu·cho·lo·gion …   English syllables


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