Elias of Jerusalem
Elias of Jerusalem
Died 518; one of the two Catholic bishops (with Flavian of Antioch) who resisted the attempt of the Emperor Anastasius I (491-518) to abolish the Council of Chalcedon (451)

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Elias of Jerusalem
    Elias of Jerusalem
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Elias of Jerusalem
    Died 518; one of the two Catholic bishops (with Flavian of Antioch) who resisted the attempt of the Emperor Anastasius I (491-518) to abolish the Council of Chalcedon (451). Anastasius spent the greater part of his reign in a vain attempt to impose Monophysitism on his subjects. Unlike his predecessors, who favoured Monophysitism merely as a political expedient whereby to conciliate Egypt and the great number of Monophysites in Syria, Anastasius carried on his propaganda apparently from religious conviction. His chief adviser, Marinus, a Syrian, was also a convinced Monophysite. At first the emperor tried to arrange a compromise. The population of Constantinople and nearly all the European provinces were too Chalcedonian for an open attack on that council to be safe. Macedonius II, Patriarch of Constantinople (469-511), submitted so far as to sign Zeno's Henotikon (482), but refused to condemn the council. Flavian of Antioch also for a time approved of a policy of compromise. The Acacian schism (484-519) still continued during the reign of Anastasius, but the emperor and his patriarch made advances to the Roman See–advances that came to nothing, since the pope always insisted on the removal of the names of former schismatics from the Byzantine diptychs. Gradually Anastasius went over completely to the Monophysites. Severus of Sozomen, Xenaias of Tahal in Persia, and a great crowd of Syrian and Egyptian Monophysite monks overwhelmed him with petitions to have the courage of his convictions and to break openly with the Dyophysites. In the emperor's chapel the Trisagion was sung with the famous Monophysite addition ("who was curcified for us"). Macedonius of Constantinople was deposed (511), and an open Monophysite, Timothy I (511-518), took his place. Timothy began a fierce persecution of Catholics. Then the Government summoned a synod at Sidon in 512 that was to condemn the Council of Chalcedon. It was chiefly Elias of Jerusalem who prevented this result.
    Elias was an Arab, by birth, who had been educated in a monastery in Egypt. In 457 he was driven out by the Monophysite Patriarch of Alexandria, Timothy the Cat. He then came to Palestine and founded a laura at Jericho. Anastasius of Jerusalem ordained him priest. In 494 Elias succeeded Sallustius as Bishop of Jerusalem and governed the see until 513. He acknowledged Euphemius of Constantinople (see EUPHEMIUS) and refused the communion of Macedonius, the intruder. About 509 the Monophysite Xenaias of Hierapolis tried to make Elias sign a Monophysite formula, and the emperor ordered him to summon a synod that should condemn the Council of Chalcedon. Instead, Elias sent the emperor a Catholic profession that his enemies seem to have falsified on the way. Evagrius says: "He when he had written it sent it to the Emperor by the hands of Dioscorus' followers" (Monophysites). "And the profession that they then showed contained an anathema against those who speak of two natures in Christ. But the Bishop of Jerusalem, saying that it had been tampered with, sent another without that anathema. Nor is this surprising. For they often corrupted works of the holy Fathers" (H. E., III, xxxi). The Synod of Sidon in 512 was to condemn Chalcedon and depose Elias and Flavian. But they succeeded in persuading the Fathers to do neither (Labbe, Council., IV, 1414). The Monophysites went on accusing these two of Nestorianism, and Anastasius deposed them, in spite of the protest of Elias' legate, Sabas. Flavian was deposed first and Severus, an open Monophysite, was introduced in his place. With this person Elias and the monks of Palestine would have no communion (Evagr., H. E., III, xxxiii). Then the Count of Palestine, Olympus, arrived at Jerusalem and offered Elias his choice of signing a Monophysite formula or being deposed. Elias refused to sign and was banished to Aila on the Red Sea (513). His monks remained faithful to him to the end.
    Elias of Jerusalem was the founder of many monasteries in his patriarchate. The common presentation of him as a compromiser is unjust. He was steadfastly Catholic throughout and protested at once against the heretical formula brought to the emperor in his name. The Syrian Uniat Church keeps his feast, with St. Flavian of Antioch, on 18 Feb. (Nilles, Kalend. Man., I, 471). These two are named in the Roman Martyrology on 4 July
    Acta SS., July, II, 22-28; NICEPHOROS CALLISTUS, XVI, 26; LIBERATUS, Brev. caus. Nest. et Eutych., XIX; EVAGRIUS, H. E., III, xxx-xxxiii.
    ADRIAN FORTESCUE
    Transcribed by WGKofron With thanks to St. Mary's Church, Akron, Ohio

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elias of Jerusalem — (494 516) was a bishop of the 6th century CE. Elias was Patriarch of Jerusalem until being deposed by Emperor Anastasius I for supporting the decrees of the Council of Chalcedon. [cite book|title=The Council of Chalcedon Re Examined |author=… …   Wikipedia

  • Jerusalem (A.D. 71-1099) —     Jerusalem (A.D. 71 1099)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Jerusalem (A.D. 71 1099)     I. TO THE TIME OF CONSTANTINE (71 312)     When Titus took Jerusalem (April September, A.D. 70) he ordered his soldiers to destroy the city (Josephus, De… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Elias Eller — (* 4. Juli 1690 auf Hof Ronsdorf; † 16. Mai 1750 in Ronsdorf) war Gründer und Leiter einer radikal pietistischen christlichen Sekte der Zioniten und Gründer der Stadt Ronsdorf, heute ein Stadtteil Wuppertals. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elias Chacour — (born 1939) is the Archbishop of Galilee of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church. He is also a noted author and peace activist keen to promote reconciliation between Arabs and Israelis.Biography and EducationElias Michael Chacour was born November… …   Wikipedia

  • Elias Chacour — in Oxford (2010) Elias Chacour (hebräisch ‏אליאס שקור‎; ) (* 29. November 1939 in Bar am, Galiläa) ist ein israelisch arabischer melkitisch griechisch katholischer Erzbischof …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jerusalem [2] — Jerusalem (Bisthum u. Patriarchat). Die Kirche von J. ist berühmter wegen des Ortes, wo ihr Sitz aufgeschlagen war, als wegen ihrer Bedeutung für die christliche Sache. Die christliche Gemeinde in J. nahm seit dem Pfingstfest immer zu, u. die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Elias Hurwicz — (* 1. Mai 1884 in Rahatschou (Rogatschow), Russisches Kaiserreich ; † 1973 in Berlin) war ein jüdisch russisch deutscher Soziologe und Publizist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Kriminalpsychologie 3 Autobiografie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elias Matta — (1930 1977) est un réalisateur de cinéma et de télévision libanais. Biographe Né au Caire le 11 février 1930 de parents libanais, Elias Matta commence ses activités dans le monde de l art dès l âge de 14 ans en 1944. De 1949 à 1957, il participe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jerusalem's Lot (Stephen King) — Jerusalem s Lot (often shortened to Salem s Lot or just the Lot) is a fictional town in the works of horror fiction writer Stephen King. The town first appears in the novel Salem s Lot, then in the prequel short story Jerusalem s Lot , and then… …   Wikipedia

  • Elias Bickermann — Elias Joseph Bickermann bzw. Bickerman (* 1. Juni 1897 in Kischinau, Russisches Kaiserreich; † 31. August 1981 in Jerusalem) war ein US amerikanischer Althistoriker russischer Herkunft. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Schriften 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”