Eleazar


Eleazar
Eleazar
Includes information on three uses of this name

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Eleazar
    Eleazar
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Eleazar
    (Heb. al‘wr, God's help).
    1. Eleazar, son of Aaron
    Elizabeth, daughter of Aminadab and sister of Nahason, bore to Aaron four sons, Nadab, Abiu, Eleazar, and Ithamar (Ex., vi, 23), all of whom, with their father, "were anointed … and consecrated, to do the functions of priesthood" (Num., iii, 2-3; Lev., viii, 1-13). As Nadab and Abiu died without children, punished for offering strange fire before the Lord (Lev., x, 107; I Par., xxiv, 1-2), "Eleazar and Ithamar performed the priestly office in the presence of Aaron" (Num., iii, 4). Thus entitled to succeed his father in the office of high-priest, "Eleazar … took a wife of the daughters of Phutiel", and so became the father of Phinees (Ex., vi, 25). Prince of the princes of the Levites "that watch for the guard of the sanctuary" (Num., iii, 4), directing the sons of Caath when wrapping up "the sanctuary and the vessels thereof at the removing of the camp" (Num., iv, 15-16), Eleazar was selected as the suitable official, "to whose charge pertaineth the oil to dress the lamps, and the sweet incense, and the sacrifice … and the oil of unction, and whatsoever pertaineth to the service of the tabernacle, and of all the vessels that are in the sanctuary" (Num., iv, 16). At the very moment when his brothers were punished "by fire coming out from the Lord", Eleazar, though deeply affected by mental anguish, obeyed the order of Moses, and completed their unfinished sacrifice (Lev., x, 1-20). After the terrible punishment inflicted on the daring usurpers, Core, Dathan, and Abiron, as if to make more evident his right to become the high- priest, Eleazar, complying with orders, beat into plates the still smoking censers used by these unfortunate rebels, and for a sign and a memorial, fastened this metal to the altar (Num., xvi, 1-40). Appointed to preside over the immolation of the red cow (Num., xix, 1-10), Eleazar next appears, clothed with the vesture of Aaron, and exercising the office of High Priest (Num., xx, 22- 29). Hence it is that we find Eleazar associated with Moses, in numbering the children of Israel after the slaughter of the twenty-four thousand (Num., xxvi, 1-4), in settling the inheritance case presented by the daughters of Salphaad (Num., xxvii, 1-3), in distributing the spoils taken from the Madianites (Num., xxxi, 1-54), and, finally, in considering the request of Ruben and Gad for land east of the Jordan (Num., xxxii, 1-5). To Eleazar, Josue, the successor of Moses, is presented by the Jewish lawgiver himself (Num., xxvii, 12-23). On the list of those appointed to divide among the Israelites the lands west of the Jordan, the very first name is that of Eleazar (Num., xxxiv, 16-19); Jos., xiv, 1-2; xix, 51), who was buried "in Gabaath, that belonged to Phinees his son, which was given him in mount Ephraim" (Jos., xxiv, 33). If we except the period from Heli to Solomon, during which the descendants of Ithamar exercised the office of high-priest (I Kings, ii, 30-36; III Kings, ii, 27-27), those holding this most sacred calling, down to the time of the Machabees, belonged to the family of Eleazar (Ex., vi, 25).
    Eleazar (surnamed Abaron)
    Eleazar was the fourth son of Mathathias (I Mach., ii, 1-5). With some probability, he is identified with the Esdras who before the battle with Nicanor read the Holy Book to the Jewish warriors (II Mach., viii, 22-24). In the engagement at Bethzacharam, he displayed marvellous courage in attacking and killing the elephant, on which "it seemed to him that the king [Antiochus Eupator] was". Crushed to death beneath the dying elephant, Eleazar "exposed himself to deliver his people and to get himself an everlasting name". (I Mach., vi, 17-46.)
    Eleazar (scribe and doctor of the law)
    Eleazar, though ninety years of age, bravely preferred to die a most glorious death than to purchase a hateful life by violating the law which forbade to the Israelite the use of swine's flesh. His friends, "moved with wicked pity", were willing to substitute lawful flesh, that Eleazar, feigning to have eaten the forbidden meat, might be delivered from death. But, considering "the dignity of his age … and the inbred honour of his grey head", Eleazar spurned this well-meant proposal, which if accepted, though securing his deliverance from punishment, might scandalize many young persons, and could not deliver from the hand of the Almighty. Having thus changed into rage the rejected sympathy of his friends, the holy man bravely endured his cruel torture, probably at Antioch, during the reign of Antiochus IV Epiphanes. (II Mach., vi, 18-31; I Mach., i, 57-63.)
    PALIS AND LEVESQUE in VIG., Dict. de la Bible (Paris, 1898); ALLEN in HAST., Dict. of the Bible (New York, 1898); GIGOT, Outlines of Jewish History (New York, 1905).
    D.P. DUFFY
    Transcribed by WGKofron With thanks to St. Mary's Church, Akron, Ohio

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ELEAZAR — (in TJ usually Lazar) BEN PEDAT (d. 279), third century amora. He is the amora Eleazar mentioned without a patronymic. Scion of a priestly family (MK 28a), Eleazar was born in Babylon (Ber. 2:1, 4b). There he studied under samuel (Er. 66a), and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eleazar — Eléazar Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Eléazar est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Prénom et son origine 2 Personnages bibliques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eleazar — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Eleazar puede referirse a: Nombre propio Eleazar (nombre), nombre propio de género ambiguo. Personajes históricos Eleazar, Pintor español. Eleázar Garzón Eleazar Gómez Eleazar Guzmán Barron Eleazar Huerta Valcárcel… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eleazar — ist der Name folgender Personen: Eleazar ha Qappar, Tannait der 4. Generation Simeon ben Eleazar, Tannait der 4. Generation Eleazar de Carvalho (1912–1996), brasilianischer Komponist und Dirigent Eleazar López Contreras (1883–1973), Politiker und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ELEAZAR — (Heb. אֶלְעָזָר; God/El has aided ), high priest after aaron . Eleazar was Aaron s third son (Ex. 6:23); his older brothers Nadab and abihu perished after offering strange fire before the Lord (Lev. 10:1–7; Num. 3:4). During his father s lifetime …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELEAZAR — (Alatzar, Abenalazar), prominent Jewish family in the kingdom of Aragon in the Middle Ages. They were considered francos ( free ) for the special services which they had rendered to the kings of Aragon during the Christian Recon quest and as such …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eleazar — (or Elazar), (Hebrew Name|אֶלְעָזָר|Elʻazar|Elʻāzār| God has helped ) was a son of Aaron, a Levite priest and High Priest. His wife, a daughter of Putiel, bore him Phinehas. After the death of Nadab and Abihu, he was appointed to the charge of… …   Wikipedia

  • ELEAZAR — (2nd cent. B.C.E.), martyr during the religious persecution instigated by Antiochus Epiphanes (167 B.C.E.). Eleazar, one of the foremost scribes, well advanced in years, was compelled to eat swine s flesh, but chose death with glory rather than… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eleazar — [el΄ē ā′zər] n. [LL(Ec) Eleazar < Gr(Ec) < Heb elazar, lit., God has helped] Bible Aaron s son and successor as high priest: Num. 20:28 …   English World dictionary

  • Eleazar — m Biblical: variant of ELIEZER (SEE Eliezer). See also LAZARUS (SEE Lazarus) …   First names dictionary


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