Disciple


Disciple
Disciple
This term is commonly applied to one who is learning any art or science from one distinguished by his accomplishments

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Disciple
    Disciple
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Disciple
    This term is commonly applied to one who is learning any art or science from one distinguished by his accomplishments. Though derived from the Latin discipulus, the English name conveys a meaning somewhat narrower than its Latin equivalent: disciple is opposed to master, as scholar to teacher, whilst both disciple and scholar are included under the Latin discipulus. In the English versions of the Old Testament the word disciple occurs only once (Is., viii, 16); but the idea it conveys is to be met with in several other passages, as, for instance, when the Sacred Writer speaks of the "sons" of the Prophets (IV K., ii, 7); the same seems, likewise, to be the meaning of the terms children and son in the Sapiential books (e.g. Prov., iv, 1, 10; etc.). Much more frequently does the New Testament use the word disciple in the sense of pupil, adherent, one who continues in the Master's word (John viii, 31). So we read disciples of Moses (John, ix, 28), of the Pharisees (Matt., xxii, 16; Mark, ii, 18; Luke, v, 33). of St. John the Baptist (Matt., ix, 14; Luke, vii, 18; John, iii, 25). These, however, are only incidental applications, for the word is almost exclusively used of the Disciples of Jesus.
    In the Four Gospels it is most especially applied to the Apostles, sometimes styled the "twelve disciples" (Matt., x, 1; xi, 1; xx, 17; xxvi, 20; the sixteenth verse of chapter xxviii, having reference to events subsequent to Christ's Passion, mentions only the "eleven disciples"), sometimes merely called "the disciples" (Matt., xiv, 19; xv, 33, 36; etc.). The expression "his disciples" frequently has the same import. Occasionally the Evangelists give the word a broader sense and make it a synonym for believer (Matt., x, 42; xxvii, 57; John, iv, 1; ix, 27, 28; etc.). Besides the signification of "Apostle" and that of "believer" there is finally a third one, found in St. Luke, and perhaps also in the other Evangelists. St. Luke narrates (vi, 13) that Jesus "called unto him his disciples, and he chose twelve of them (whom also he named apostles)". The disciples, in this disciples, in this context, are not the crowds of believers who flocked around Christ, but a smaller body of His followers. They are commonly identified with the seventy-two (seventy, according to the received Greek text, although several Greek manuscripts mention seventy-two, as does the Vulgate) referred to (Luke, x, 1) as having been chosen by Jesus. The names of these disciples are given in several lists (Chronicon Paschale, and Pseudo-Dorotheus in Migne, P.G., XCII, 521-524; 543-545; 1061-1065); but these lists are unfortunately worthless. Eusebius positively asserts that no such roll existed in his time, and mentions among the disciples only Barnabas, Sosthenes, Cephas, Matthias, Thaddeus and James "the Lord's brother" (His. Eccl., I, xii). In the Acts of the Apostles the name disciple is exclusively used to designate the converts, the believers, both men and women (vi, 1, 2, 7; ix, 1, 10, 19; etc.; in reference to the latter connotation see in particular ix, 36) even such as were only imperfectly instructed, like those found by St. Paul at Ephesus (Acts, xix, 1-5).
    CHARLES L. SOUVAY
    Transcribed by Christine J. Murray

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • disciple — [ disipl ] n. • deciple XIIe; lat. ecclés. discipulus, en lat. class. « élève » 1 ♦ Personne qui reçoit, a reçu l enseignement (d un maître). ⇒ écolier, élève. Aristote, disciple de Platon. Les disciples de Jésus Christ, qui l ont accompagné… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • DISCiPLE — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Interface DISCiPLE, vista trasera y superior El DISCiPLE, primer producto de Miles Gordon Technology, fue una interfaz de disquete para el ordenador doméstico Sinclair ZX Spectrum 16, 48, 128 y +2 (el de carcasa… …   Wikipedia Español

  • DISCiPLE — Interface DISCiPLE, back and top view Introduced 1986 The DISCiPLE was a floppy disk interface for the Sinclair ZX Spectrum home computer. Designed by Miles Gordon Technology, it was marketed by Rockfort Products and launched in 1986 …   Wikipedia

  • DISCiPLE — DISCiPLE  модуль расширения для ZX Spectrum, включающий дисковый интерфейс. Разработан компанией Miles Gordon Technology (Великобритания), является первым продуктом компании. Продавался компанией R …   Википедия

  • disciple — Disciple, Auditor, Discipulus. Estre disciple de Socrates, Audire Socratem. Faire que le disciple ne tienne plus de parti du maistre, Luy oster son disciple, Discipulum a praeceptore abducere. Exerciter ses disciples, Exercere discipulos …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Disciple — Dis*ci ple, n. [OE. disciple, deciple, OF. disciple, fr. L. discipulus, fr. discere to learn (akin to docere to teach; see {Docile}) + prob. a root meaning to turn or drive, as in L. pellere to drive (see {Pulse}).] One who receives instruction… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Disciple — Lead Sän …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Disciple — Dis*ci ple, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Discipled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Discipling}.] 1. To teach; to train. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] That better were in virtues discipled. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. To punish; to discipline. [Obs.] B. Jonson. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • disciple — DISCIPLE. s. m. Qui apprend d un maître quelque science, ou quelque art libéral. C est mon disciple. Exercer, instruire ses disciples. f♛/b] On appelle Disciples de [b]Jésus Christ, Ceux qui suivent la Doctrine de Jésus Christ, et principalement… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • disciple — DISCIPLE. s. m. Qui apprend quelque science ou quelque Art liberal, ou quelqu un des Arts liberaux d un maistre. C est mon disciple. exercer ses disciples. instruire ses disciples. les disciples de Jesus Christ …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française


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