Dioscorus


Dioscorus
Dioscorus
Dioscorus. Antipope (d. 530)
Dioscorus. Fifth-century Bishop of Alexandria

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Dioscorus
    Dioscorus
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Dioscorus
    Antipope, b. at Alexandria, date unknown; d. 14 October, 530. Originally a deacon ( see Deacons ) of the Church of Alexandria he was adopted into the ranks of the Roman clergy, and by his commanding abilities soon acquired considerable influence in the Church of Rome. Under Pope Symmachus he was sent to Ravenna on an important mission to Theodoric the Goth, and later, under Pope Hormisdas, served with great distinction as papal apocrisiarius, or legate, to the court of Justinian at Constantinople. During the pontificate of Felix IV he became the recognized head of the Byzantine party — a party in Rome which opposed the growing influence and power of a rival faction, the Gothic, to which the pope inclined.
    To prevent a possible contest for the papacy, Pope Felix IV, shortly before his death, had taken the unprecedented step of appointed his own successor in the person of the aged Archdeacon Boniface, his trusted friend and adviser. When, however on the death of Felix (Sept. 530) Boniface II succeeded him, the great majority of the Roman priests — sixty out of sixty-seven — refused to accept the new pope and elected in his stead the Greek Dioscorus in the basilica of Constantine (the Lateran) and Boniface in the aula (hall) of the Lateran Palace, know as basilica Julii. Fortunately for the Roman Church, the schism which followed was but of short duration, for in less than a month (14 Oct., 530) Dioscorus died and the presbyters who had elected him wisely submitted to Boniface. In December, 530, Boniface convened a synod at Rome and issued a decree anathematizing Dioscorus as an intruder. He at the same time (it is not known by what means) secured the signatures of the sixty presbyters to his late rival's condemnation, and caused the caused the document to be deposited in the archives of the church. The anathema against Diocorus was however, subsequently removed, and the document burned by Pope Agapetus I (535).
    Liber Pontificalis, ed. DUCHESNE (Paris, 1886), I, 281 sq.; JAFFE, Regesta Romanorum Pontificum (2nd ed., Leipzig, 1885), I, 111-12 In 1883 Amelli discovered the documents bearing on the election of 530, in the chapter library of Novara, and published them with his comments in Scuola Cattolica (Milan), XXI,fascic. 123; CREAGH in Amer. Eccl. Rev., XXVIII (Jan., 1903), 41-50; Theologische Quartalschrift (1903), 91 sq.; GRISAR, Gesch. Roms und der Papste (Freiburg im Br., 1901), I, 494 sq.; WURM, Papstwahl (Cologne, 1902), 12 sq.
    THOMAS OESTREICH
    Transcribed by JFM Freeman

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Dioscorus — (also Dioscoros, Dioskoros, or Dioscurus) can refer to: Pope Dioscorus the Great, Coptic Pope of Alexandria (444 454). Pope Dioscorus II, Coptic Pope of Alexandria (516 517). Dioscorus, 3rd century martyr and saint Dioscurus, father of Saint… …   Wikipedia

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  • DIOSCORUS II — cognom. Iunior, post Ioh. Machiotam, Patriâ Alexandrin. A. C. 517. haereticus haeretico successit. Excitatâ a populo seditione, in qua multi occisi, quod electio non esset pro more, ab Episcopis Clero et Populo peracta, nihilominus sedem tenuit,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Dioscorus — ▪ patriarch of Alexandria born , Alexandria [Egypt] died Sept. 4, 454, Gangra, Galatia [now Cankiri, Tur.]       patriarch of Alexandria and Eastern prelate who was deposed and excommunicated by the Council of Chalcedon (Chalcedon, Council of) in …   Universalium

  • Dioscorus —    1. (d. 454 or 458 AD)    Patriarch of Alexandria. He was possibly born in Alexandria and became archdeacon to the patriarch Cyril, with whom he attended the council of Ephesus in 431 and whom he succeeded in 444. Dioscorus soon came into… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Dioscorus — (d. 454)    Patriarch.    Dioscorus was the successor of Cyril of Alexandria to the Patriarchate of Alexandria. He presided over the Council of Ephesus which declared the teachings of eutyches, the Monophysite opponent of Nestorianism, to be… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • DIOSCORUS — I. DIOSCORUS Antipapa, Bonifacio II. oppositus, A. C. 530. Athenaricum defensorem habuit, sed paulo post mortuus, a Bonifacio excommunicatus, ob Simoniam, huius vero successore Agapeto, absolutus est. Eum ab Hormisda P. ad Iustinian. missum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Dioscorus, S. (1) — 1S. Dioscorus, (18. Jan.), ein Martyrer in Aegypten. – Dieser Name stammt vom Griechischen Διόςκορος oder Διόςκουρος und bedeutet »Sohn des Zeus«. Vorzugsweise wurden Kastor und Pollux Διόςκοροι genannt, und man nennt sie auch im Deutschen die… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

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