Despair


Despair
Despair
The voluntary and complete abandonment of all hope of saving one's soul and of having the means required for that end

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Despair
    Despair
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Despair
    (Latin desperare, to be hopeless.)
    Despair, ethically regarded, is the voluntary and complete abandonment of all hope of saving one's soul and of having the means required for that end. It is not a passive state of mind: on the contrary it involves a positive act of the will by which a person deliberately gives over any expectation of ever reaching eternal life. There is presupposed an intervention of the intellect in virtue of which one comes to decide definitely that salvation is impossible. This last is motived by the persuasion either that the individual's sins are too great to be forgiven or that it is too hard for human nature to cooperate with the grace of God or that Almighty God is unwilling to aid the weakness or pardon the offenses of his creatures, etc.
    It is obvious that a mere anxiety, no matter how acute, as to the hereafter is not to be identified with despair. This excessive fear is usually a negative condition of soul and adequately discernible from the positive elements which clearly mark the vice which we call despair. The pusillanimous person has not so much relinquished trust in God as he is unduly terrified at the spectacle of his own shortcomings of incapacity.
    The sin of despair may sometimes, although not necessarily, contain the added malice of heresy in so far as it implies an assent to a proposition which is against faith, e.g. that God has no mind to supply us with what is needful for salvation.
    Despair as such and as distinguished from a certain difference, sinking of the heart, or overweening dread is always a mortal sin. The reason is that it contravenes with a special directness certain attributes of Almighty God, such as His goodness, mercy, and faith-keeping. To be sure despair is not the worst sin conceivable: that evil primacy is held by the direct and explicit hatred of God; neither is it as great as sins against faith like formal heresy or apostasy. Still its power for working harm in the human soul is fundamentally far greater than other sins inasmuch as it cuts off the way of escape and those who fall under its spell are frequently, as a matter of fact, found to surrender themselves unreservedly to all sorts of sinful indulgence.
    Nolkin, Summa Theologiae Moralis (Innsbruck, 1904); Rickaby, Aquinas Ethicus (London, 1896); Genicot, Theologiae Moralis Institutiones (Louvain, 1898).
    JOSEPH F. DELANY
    Transcribed by Ferruccio Germani

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Despair — may refer to: Despair (emotion), hopelessness or lack of hope Despair (novel), a 1936 novel by Vladimir Nabokov Despair (film), a 1978 film adapted from the above and directed by Rainer Fassbinder Despair, Inc., a company that makes satirical… …   Wikipedia

  • Despair — De*spair , n. [Cf. OF. despoir, fr. desperer.] 1. Loss of hope; utter hopelessness; complete despondency. [1913 Webster] We in dark dreams are tossing to and fro, Pine with regret, or sicken with despair. Keble. [1913 Webster] Before he [Bunyan]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Despair — De*spair , v. t. 1. To give up as beyond hope or expectation; to despair of. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] I would not despair the greatest design that could be attempted. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. To cause to despair. [Obs.] Sir W. Williams. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • despair — (v.) early 14c., from stem of O.Fr. desperer be dismayed, lose hope, despair, from L. desperare to despair, to lose all hope, from de without + sperare to hope, from spes hope (see SPEED (Cf. speed)). The noun (c.1300) replaced native wanhope.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • despair — ► NOUN ▪ the complete loss or absence of hope. ► VERB ▪ lose or be without hope. ● be the despair of Cf. ↑be the despair of ORIGIN from Latin desperare, from sperare to hope …   English terms dictionary

  • Despair — De*spair , v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Despaired}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Despairing}.] [OE. despeiren, dispeiren, OF. desperer, fr. L. desperare; de + sperare to hope; akin to spes hope, and perh. to spatium space, E. space, speed; cf. OF. espeir hope, F.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • despair — [n] depression, hopelessness anguish, dashed hopes, dejection, desperation, despondency, discouragement, disheartenment, forlornness, gloom, melancholy, misery, ordeal, pain, sorrow, trial, tribulation, wretchedness; concept 410 Ant. cheer,… …   New thesaurus

  • despair — [di sper′] vi. [ME despeiren < OFr desperer < L desperare, to be without hope < de , without + sperare, to hope < spes, hope < IE base * spēi, to prosper, expand: see SPEED] to lose hope; be without hope: usually with of vt.… …   English World dictionary

  • Despair — Allgemeine Informationen Genre(s) Thrash Metal Gründung 1986 Auflösung 1993 Gründ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Despair — est un film germano français de Rainer Werner Fassbinder sorti en 1978. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Distribution 3 Fiche technique 4 Ré …   Wikipédia en Français


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