Albani
Albani
Italian family said to be descended from Albanian refugees of the fifteenth century. Includes information on six family members

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Albani
    Albani
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Albani
    A distinguished Italian family, said to be descended from Albanian refugees of the fifteenth century. It soon divided into two branches, those of Bergamo and those of Urbino. They gave to the Church one Pope (Clement XI, 1700-21) and several well-known Cardinals.
    (1) Gian Girolamo
    Solder, statesman, and canonist, b. at Bergamo, 3 January, 1504 d. 25 April, 1591. For services to the Venetian republic he was rewarded with the office of inquisitor at Bergamo, where he made the acquaintance of Cardinal Ghisliero. When the latter became Pius V, he invited Albani to Rome, made him a Cardinal (1570), and employed him on diplomatic missions, among them being the formation of an alliance of Christian princes against the Turks Gian Girolamo was a distinguished canonist, and was accounted by his contemporaries a man of "solid judgment rare erudition and eloquence, free and firm in his decisions, pleasant and temperate in speech, in every way a grave and reliable person". Among his often reprinted works are "De donatione Constantini" (Cologne, 1535), "De cardinalatu" (Rome, 1541) "De potestate papae et concilii" (Venice, 1544) "De immunitate ecclesiarum" (Rome, 1553): cf Hurter, "Nomencl. Lit." (2d ed.), I, 122.
    (2) Francesco
    See CLEMENT XI.
    (3) Annibale
    Cardinal Bishop of Sabina (1711), cousin of Clement XI, b. 15 August, 1682, at Urbino; d. 21 September, 1751 patron of ecclesiastical literature; he left a valuable library, a gallery of paintings and sculpture, and a cabinet of coins that eventually was added to the Vatican collection. He edited, in two volumes, the letters, briefs, and bulls of Clement XI (Rome, 1724), the "Menologium Græcorum" (3 vols., Urbino, 1727), and historical memoirs of Urbino (Rome 1722-24).
    (4) Alessandro
    Brother of Annibale, b. at Urbino, 19 October, 1692, d. 11 December, 1779. He entered the priesthood at the earnest insistence of Clement XI, but gave no little trouble to that Pope because of his worldly and undisciplined life. In 1721 Innocent XII made him Cardinal. He was a friend of Austria during the delicate negotiations of his own time, and sided with the opposition in the reign of Clement XIV (1769-74). He was also an enlightened patron of art and artists, helped to reconcile with the Church the sculptor and art-historian Winckelmann, built the Villa Albani (1760) and filled it with treasures of antique sculpture and other precious Relics of Greek and Roman art (dispersed by Napoleon I; the famous Antinous is there still). His coins went to the Vatican Library, over which he presided as bibliothecarius from 1761 (Strocchi, "De vitâ Alex. Albani," Rome, 1790).
    (5) Giovanni Francesco
    Born at Rome, 26 February, 1727; died September, 1803; a nephew of Clement XI, and Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia at the age twenty-seven.
    (6) Giuseppe
    Nephew of the preceding, b. at Rome, 1750, made Cardinal 1801 he shared the habitual devotion of his house to Austria, took refuge in Vienna, 1796-1814, returned to Rome after the downfall of Napoleon, and occupied offices of distinction in the papal administration until his death (1834). He left his fortune partly to the Holy See, partly for religious purposes. With his brother Filippo the family died out; its name and part of its possessions passed to the Chigi.
    Mazzuchelli, Scrittoi d'ltalia; TIPADDO, Biografia ltaliana; Litta, Famiglie celebri Italiane; Düx in Kirchenlex. For the Palazzo Albani and the Villa Albani, see Létarouilly, Les édifces de Rome moderne (Brussels, 1855-66).
    THOMAS J. SHAHAN
    Transcribed by Brother Fred Dillenburg (Christian Brothers)

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Albani — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aldo Albani (* 1941), italienischer Maler Alessandro Albani (1692–1779), italienischer Kardinal Annibale Albani (1682–1751), italienischer Kardinal Antonio Albani (1656–um 1691/1701) italienischer Maler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albani — is the name of:* Painter Francesco Albani (1578 1660) * Pope Clement XI born Giovanni Francesco Albani (1649 1721) * Cardinal Alessandro Cardinal Albani (1692 1779) * Cardinal Annibale Albani * Cardinal Gian Francesco Albani (1720 1803) * Singer… …   Wikipedia

  • Albani — est le nom d une illustre famille italienne, originaire de l Albanie, d où elle fut chassée par les Turcs, et qui vint s établir à Bergame et à Urbin. Elle a fourni à l Église un grand nombre de prélats distingués, dont le plus célèbre est  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albani — es el nombre de: El pintor Francesco Albani (1578 1660). Papa Clemente XI nacido como Giovanni Francesco Albani (1649 1721). Cardenal Alessandro Cardinal Albani (1692 1779). Cardenal Annibale Albani. Cardenal Gian Francesco Albani (1720 1803). La …   Wikipedia Español

  • ALBANI (E.) — ALBANI EMMA (1847 1930) Cantatrice canadienne de renommée internationale, Emma Lajeunesse Albani naquit à Chambly, dans le Québec. Un père musicien lui inculqua dès l’enfance les principes d’une formation musicale sévère, un souci de la rigueur… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Albani — Albani, I. aus der römischen Familie A. 1) Giov. Geronimo, geb. 1504 zu Bergamo, Sohn eines Grafen, studirte die Rechte, leistete den Venetianern Kriegsdienste, wurde Podesta zu Bergamo, ging 1566 nach Rom, wurde da 1570 Cardinal u. st. 1591. Er… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Albāni — Albāni, 1) reiche röm. Familie, die, seit Giovanni Francesco A. 1700 als Clemens XI. den päpstlichen Stuhl bestieg, hohe Würden in der Kirche bekleidete und 1852 erlosch. Kardinal Alessandro A. (1692 bis 1779) begründete 1758 die 1866 von dem… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Albani — albaní (del ár. and. «albanní»; ant.) m. Albañil. * * * albañí. m. desus. albañil. * * * ► Familia italiana. A ella perteneció Gian Francesco (papa Clemente XI) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Albani — Albani,   1) Alessandro, päpstlicher Diplomat, Kardinal (seit 1720), * Urbino 15. 10. 1692, ✝ Rom 11. 12. 1779; Mitglied einer römischen Adelsfamilie, die durch den Nepotismus des Papstes Klemens XI. reich wurde; war Bibliothekar im Vatikan und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Albāni — (a. Geogr.), die Ew. 1) von Alba Longa; 2) von Albania; 3) Volk im griechischen Illyrien an der macedonischen Grenze, mit der Stadt Alba, nopŏlis, jetzt Albanopoli …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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