- Curaçao• Vicariate apostolic; includes the islands of the Dutch West Indies: Curaçao, Bonaire, and Aruba; Saba, St. Eustatius, and the Dutch part of St. Martin (Leeward Islands)
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- CuracaoCuraçao† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► CuraçaoVicariate apostolic; includes the islands of the Dutch West Indies: Curaçao, Bonaire, and Aruba; Saba, St. Eustatius, and the Dutch part of St. Martin (Leeward Islands). These islands are situated in the Caribbean Sea, the former off the Venezuelan coast, 12° N. Lat. and 69° W. long., the latter about 621 miles north-east of the former, in 18° N. lat. and 63° W. long. The former were discovered by Alonzo de Ojeda in 1499. The first missionaries were Spanish Hieronymites (Order of St. Jerome) from Santo Domingo, whose names have been forgotten. Until 1634 Curaçao remained subject to Spain, and Spanish priests attended the mission. Two churches, one at Santa Barbara the other at Groot-Kwartier, bore witness to their zeal.In 1634 Curaçao came into the possession of the Dutch West-Indian Company, which forbade, under severe penalties, the practice of the Catholic religion. A few Jesuits, among them Father Michael Alexius Schnabel, continued to work with success from 1701 to 1742. In 1772 Curaçao received its first prefect Apostolic, Arnold de Bruin, a secular priest. In 1776 Fathers Pirovani and Schenck, Dutch Franciscans, took up the work, but were obliged to leave it on account of the small number of priests in Holland. The last of these priests died in 1821. In 1824 M. J. Nieuwindt (d. 1860), in every respect a great man, was appointed prefect Apostolic. In 1842 Curaçao was made a vicariate Apostolic, the first vicar Apostolic being Monsignor Nieuwindt. In the same year a Catholic sisterhood came to the mission. In 1868 the vicariate was confided to the care of the Dutch Dominicans. Nine-tenths of the people, especially the lower classes, are Catholics, principally because in the past the slaves were not allowed to have the same religion as their masters (Dutch Protestants (Protestantism)); as they had to profess some religion, they were allowed to become Catholics. The relations between Catholics and Protestants (Protestantism) are most peaceful. Monsignor Nieuwindt (consecrated 1843) was succeeded as vicar Apostolic by J. F. A. Kistemaker (1860); P. H. J. A. van Ewyk (1869); C. H. J. Reynen (1886); H. A. M. Joosten (1887), and J. J. A. van Baars (1897). The Catholic population of the vicariate is about 45,000; the Protestants (Protestantism) number 7000 and the Jews 850. There are in the vicariate 35 priests, 3 seculars and 32 regulars, principally Dominicans; 27 brothers; 191 sisters. The parochial schools number 29, with 2626 boys and 2625 girls. There are 17 churches and 11 chapels.The institutions under religious direction are: a college for young ladies with 70 pupils; a hospital for the insane, 114 patients; a leper hospital, 19 patients; 2 orphan asylums, 87 orphans; a hospital, 166 patients. The theological seminary for Venezuela (Merida) is at present closed. There are 2 Catholic newspapers, the "Amigoe di Curaçao", a Dutch weekly, founded in 1883, and "La Cruz", a weekly in the Papiamento dialect of the island, founded in 1900.J.J.A. VAN BAARSTranscribed by Gerald M. Knight
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Curacao — Curaçao (Papiamentu: Kòrsou) ist mit rund 444 km² die größte Insel der Niederländischen Antillen in der Karibik. Lage Curaçaos Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geographie und Klima … Deutsch Wikipedia
curaçao — [ kyraso ] n. m. • 1790; nom d une île des Antilles ♦ Liqueur faite avec de l eau de vie, de l écorce d oranges amères et du sucre. Cocktail au curaçao. ● curaçao nom masculin (de Curaçao, nom propre) Liqueur composée avec des écorces d orange,… … Encyclopédie Universelle
CURAÇAO — CURAÇAO, an island near the northern coast of Venezuela, South America, under the Dutch Crown part of the Netherland Antilles. Sighted by the Conquistador Alonso de Ojeda in 1498, it was captured from the Spanish by the Dutch in 1634. The Dutch… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Curacao — Curaçao (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Curaçao est une île de la mer des Caraïbes; Curaçao désigne également une nuance de la couleur bleue ; Le curaçao est une liqueur … Wikipédia en Français
curaçao — CURAÇÁO s.n. Băutură făcută din coji de portocale amare, din zahăr şi alcool. [pr.: cürasáo] – cuv. fr. Trimis de LauraGellner, 17.01.2005. Sursa: DEX 98 CURAÇÁO s.n. Lichior făcut din coji de portocale amare, zahăr şi alcool. [pron. sa o . /… … Dicționar Român
Curacao — West Indian island, Curaçao, discovered 1499 by Alonso de Hojeda, who called it Isla de los Gigantes in reference to the stature of the natives. The modern name probably is a Europeanized version of some lost native word. The liqueur is made from … Etymology dictionary
Curaçao — CURAÇAO: Le meilleur est de Hollande parce qu il se fabrique à Curaçao, une des Antilles … Dictionnaire des idées reçues
curaçao — [kyoor΄ə sō′, koor΄ə sou′] n. [after the island of CURAÇAO, where orig. made] [also C ] a liqueur made by flavoring distilled spirits with the dried peel of bitter oranges: also curaçoa [kyoor΄əsō′] … English World dictionary
Curacao — Cu ra*[,c]ao , Curacoa Cu ra*[,c]oa , (k?? r? s? ), n. A liqueur, or cordial, flavored with the peel from the sour orange, and sometimes with cinnamon and mace; first made at the island of Cura[,c]cao. [1913 Webster +PJC] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Curaçāo — (Curassao), eine der Kleinen Antilleninseln im SO. des Caraibischen Meeres an der Nordküste von Venezuela, die größte der niederländischen Besitzungen in Westindien, 9,25 QM.; ein kahler, flacher Felsen, an vielen Stellen nur mit  Zoll Erde… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon