- Cosmati Mosaic
- Cosmati Mosaic• A peculiar style of inlaid ornamental mosaic introduced into the decorative art of Europe during the twelfth century
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Cosmati MosaicCosmati Mosaic† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Cosmati Mosaic(Gr. kosmos)A peculiar style of inlaid ornamental mosaic introduced into the decorative art of Europe during the twelfth century, by a marble-worker named Laurentius, a native of Anagni, a small hill-town thirty-seven miles east-south-east of Rome. Laurentius acquired his craft from Greek masters and for a time followed their method of work, but early in his career, freeing himself from Byzantine traditions and influences, he worked along original lines and evolved a new style of decorative mosaic, vigorous in colour and design, which he invariably employed in conjunction with plain or sculptored marble surfaces, making it a decorative accessary to some architectural feature. As a rule he used white or light-coloured marbles for his backgrounds; these he inlaid with squares, parallelograms, and circles of darker marble, porphyry, or serpentine, surrounding them with ribbons of mosaic composed of coloured and gold-glass tesseræ. These harlequinads he separated one from another with marble mouldings, carvings, and flat bands, and further enriched them with mosaic. His earliest recorded work was executed for a church at Fabieri in 1190, and the earliest existing example is to be seen in the church of Ara Coeli at Rome. It consists of an epistle and gospel ambo, a chair, screen, and pavement. In much of his work he was assisted by his son, Jacobus, who was not only a sculptor and mosaic-worker, but also an architect of ability, as witness the architectural alterations carried out by him in the cathedral of Cività Castellana, a foreshadowing of the Renaissance. This was a work in which other members of his family took part, and they were all followers of the craft for four generations. Those attaining eminence in their art are named in the following genealogical epitome: Laurentius (1140-1210); Jacobus (1165-1234); Luca (1221-1240); Jacobus (1213-1293); Deodatus (1225-1294); Johannes (1231-1303). Their noted Cosmatesque mosaics are to be seen in the Roman churches of SS. Alessio e Bonifacio, S. Sabba, S. Cesareo, S. Giovanni a Porta Latina, S. Maria in Cosmedin, S. Balbina, S. Maria sopra Minerva, S. Maria Maggiore, and in the cloister of S. Scholastica at Subiaco, the basilica of St. Magus at Anagni, the duomo of Cività Castellana, and the ruined shrine of St. Edward the Confessor in Westminster Abbey.DE MONTAULT, Généalogie d'artistes italiens; COLEMAN, Cosmati Mosaicin The Architectural Record (New York, June, 1902), XII; PARKER, The Archæology of Rome (Oxford, 1876), Pt. XI; DE ROSSI, Delle altre famiglie di marmorarii romani (Rome, 1870).CARYL COLEMANTranscribed by Anthony J. Stokes
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cosmati — Floor in Cosmati style from the Cathedral at Terracina The Cosmati were a Roman family, seven members of which, for four generations, were skilful architects, sculptors and workers in decorative geometric mosaic, mostly for church floors. Their… … Wikipedia
Cosmati work — Type of decorative inlay or mosaic used by Roman decorators and architects in the 12th–13th centuries. Small pieces of coloured stone and glass were combined with strips and disks of white marble arranged in geometric patterns. Cosmati work was… … Universalium
mosaic — mosaically, adv. /moh zay ik/, n., adj., v., mosaicked, mosaicking. n. 1. a picture or decoration made of small, usually colored pieces of inlaid stone, glass, etc. 2. the process of producing such a picture or decoration. 3. something resembling … Universalium
Mosaic — /moh zay ik/, adj. of or pertaining to Moses or the writings, laws, and principles attributed to him: Mosaic ethics. Also, Mosaical. [1655 65; < NL Mosaicus, equiv. to LL Mos(es) MOSES + aicus, on the model of Hebraicus Hebraic] * * * Surface… … Universalium
cosmati work — (ˈ)käz|mäd.ē , (ˈ)kōz| noun Usage: usually capitalized C Etymology: after Cosmati, a group of Italian artists active in Rome and vicinity from ab1150 1320, plural of the name Cosmas; from the fact that many members of the group had the given name … Useful english dictionary
Cosmatesque — screen at the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano. Some works of Deodatus di Cosma for Colonna family are housed in the basilica. Cosmatesque, or Cosmati, is a style of geometric decorative inlay stonework typical of Medieval Italy, and… … Wikipedia
Cosmatesco — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pantalla cosmati en la Basílica de San Juan de Letrán. Algunas obras de Deodatus di Cosma para la familia Colonna se encuentran en la basílica. El estilo cosmatesco o cosmati es una manera de realizar un suelo típico … Wikipedia Español
opus sectile — ▪ mosaic type of mosaic work in which figural patterns are composed of pieces of stone or, sometimes, shell or mother of pearl cut in shapes to fit the component parts of the design, thereby differing in approach from the more common type… … Universalium
opus Alexandrinum — ▪ mosaic in mosaic, type of decorative pavement work widely used in Byzantium in the 9th century. It utilized tiny, geometrically shaped pieces of coloured stone and glass paste that were arranged in intricate geometric patterns dotted with … Universalium
Mosaics — • Includes information on the history and techniques Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Mosaics Mosaics † … Catholic encyclopedia