Claudianus Mamertus

Claudianus Mamertus
Claudianus Mamertus
Gallo-Roman theologian and the brother of St. Mamertus, Bishop of Vienne, d. about 473

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Claudianus Mamertus
    Claudianus Mamertus
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Claudianus Mamertus
    (The name Ecdicius is unauthorized).
    A Gallo-Roman theologian and the brother of St. Mamertus, Bishop of Vienne, d. about 473.
    Descended probably from one of the leading families of the country, Claudianus Mamertus relinquished his worldly goods and embraced the monastic life. He assisted his brother in the discharge of his functions, and Sidonius Apollinaris describes him as directing the psalm-singing of the chanters, who were formed into groups and chanted alternate verses, whilst the bishop was at the altar celebrating the sacred mysteries. "Psalmorum hic modulator et phonascus ante altaria fratre gratulante instructas docuit sonare classes" (Epist., IV, xi, 6; V, 13-15). This passage is of importance in the history of liturgical chant. In the same epigram, which constitutes the epitaph of Claudianus Mamertus, Sidonius also informs us that this distinguished scholar composed a lectionary, that is, a collection of readings from Sacred Scripture to be made on the occasion of certain celebrations during the year.
    According to the same writer, Claudianus "pierced the sects with the power of eloquence", an allusion to a prose treatise entitled "On the State of the Soul" or "On the Substance of the Soul". Written between 468 and 472, this work was destined to combat the ideas of Faustus, Bishop of Reii (Riez, in the department of Basses-Alpes), particularly his thesis on the corporeity of the soul. Plato, whom he perhaps read in Greek, Porphyry, and especially Plotinus and St. Augustine furnished Claudianus with arguments. But his method was decidedly peripatetic and foretokened Scholasticism. Even his language had the same characteristics as that of some of the medieval philosophers: hence Claudianus used many abstract adverbs in ter (essentialiter, accidenter, etc.; forty according to La Broise). On the other hand he revived obsolete words and, in a letter to Sapaudus of Vienne, a rhetorician, sanctioned the imitation of Nævius, Plautus, Varro, and Gracchus. Undoubtedly his only acquaintance with these authors was through the quotations used by grammarians and the adoption of their style by Apuleius, whose works he eagerly studied. Of course this tendency to copy his predecessors led Claudianus to acquire an entirely artificial mode of expression which Sidonius, in wishing to compliment, called a modern antique (Epist., IV, iii, 3). Besides the treatise and the letter from Claudianus to Sidonius Apollinaris, found among the letters of the latter (IV, ii). Some poetry has also been ascribed to him, although erroneously. For instance, he has been credited with the "Pange, lingua", which is by Venantius Fortunatus (Carm., II, ii); "Contra vanos poetas ad collegam", a poem recommending the choice of Christian subjects and written by Paulinus of Nola (Carm., xxii); two short Latin poems in honour of Christ, one by Claudius Claudianus (Birt ed., p. 330; Koch ed., p. 248) and the other by Merobaudus (Vollmer ed., p. 19), and two other Greek poems on the same subject, believed to be the work of Claudius Claudianus.
    Two facts assign Claudianus Mamertus a place in the history of thought: he took part in the reaction against Semipelagianism, which took place in Gaul towards the close of the fifth century and he was the precursor of Scholasticism, forestalling the system of Roscellinus and Abelard. The logical method pursued by Claudianus commanded the esteem and investigation of Berengarius of Tours, Nicholas of Clairvaux, secretary to St. Bernard, and Richard de Fournival.
    SIDONIUS APOLLINARIS, Epistulæ, IV, iii, si, V, ii; Gennadius, GENNADIUS, De Viris illustribus, 83; R. DE LA BROISE, Mamerti Claudiani vita eiusque doctrina de anima hominis (Paris, 1890); the best edition is by ENGELBRECHT in the Corpus scriptorum ecclesiasticorum latinorum of the Academy of Vienna (Vienna, 1887); for supplementary information cf. CHEVALIER, Répertoire des sources historiques du moyen-âge, Bio-bibliographie (Paris, 1905), II, 2977.
    Transcribed by Cris Ouano, MI For the conversion of family

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Claudianus Mamertus — (died circa 473) was a Gallo Roman theologian and the brother of St. Mamertus, Bishop of Vienne. Descended probably from one of the leading families of the country, Claudianus Mamertus relinquished his worldly goods and embraced the monastic life …   Wikipedia

  • Claudianus Mamertus — Claudiānus Mamertus, christl. lat. Dichter und Philosoph des 5. Jahrh., Presbyter zu Vienne, Bruder des heil. Mamertus, schrieb: »De statu animae.« …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mamertus — († um 477 in Vienne, Gallien) war Bischof und wird in der katholischen Kirche als Heiliger verehrt. Er führte die Bittprozession vor Himmelfahrt ein. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mamertus — Saint Mamertus An engraving of Saint Mamertus from an 1878 book, Little Pictorial Lives of the Saints Died c. AD 475 Arles, present day France Honored in Roman C …   Wikipedia

  • Mamertus — (d. c. 475)    Saint, Archbishop and Liturgist.    Mamertus was Archbishop of Vienne and the elder brother of the neo Platonist theologian Claudianus Mamertus. His diocese was disturbed by various volcanic eruptions and he is remembered for… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Mamertus, Claudianus — • Gallo Roman theologian and the brother of St. Mamertus, Bishop of Vienne, d. about 473 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Claudiānus — Claudiānus, 1) Claudius C., römischer Dichter aus Alexandrien, früher Soldat, wurde um 395 n. Chr. von Honorius nach Rom berufen u. hatte hier an Stilicho einen Gönner, dem er auch nach Mailand folgte, u. bekleidete das Tribunat. Nach Stilicho s… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mamertus — Mamertus, 1) Claudianus (Claudius) Fedicius M., im 5. Jahrh. Ältester in Vienne, st. um 470, schr. lateinische Gedichte u. Kirchenlieder, Briefe u. De statu animae (worin die Körperlichkeit der Engel u. Menschenseelen behauptet wird), herausgeg.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Claudiānus — Claudiānus, 1) Claudius, röm. Dichter, aus Alexandria, kam 395 n. Chr. nach Italien, wo er sich die Gunst des mächtigen Vandalen Stilicho gewann, die Patrizierwürde erhielt, wichtige Ämter bekleidete und von den Kaisern Honorius und Arcadius mit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Claudianus [2] — Claudianus, Ecdicius Mamertus (Mamercus), zuerst Mönch, dann Priester, und um 462 Chorbischof (Coadjutor) seines Bruders, des Bischofs von Vienne, schrieb gegen Faustus von Rhegium (Riez in der Provence) die noch heute lesenswerthe philos.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.