Cella


Cella
Cella
One of the names by which the small memorial chapels sometimes erected in the Christian cemeteries of the first age were known

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Cella
    Cella
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Cella
    One of the names by which the small memorial chapels sometimes erected in the Christian cemeteries of the first age were known; these edifices are also referred to as memoriae martyrum, confessiones, etc. The term cella in this sense occurs in a very interesting inscription of Caeasarea in Mauretania quoted by De Rossi (Bullet., April, 1864):—
    AREAM AT [AD] SEPULCHRA CULTOR VERBI CONTULIT, ET CELLAM STRUXIT SUIS CUNCTIS SUMPTIBUS.
    
    [This cemetery (area) was given by a worshiper of the Word, who also erected a chapel (cella) at his own expense.]
    
    It is the general opinion of archaeologists that the edifices erected in the Roman cemeteries by Pope Fabian (236-250) [Multas fabricas per cymeteria fieri praecepit (Lib. Pont., I, 148)] were memorial cellae constructed primarily as places for the celebration of the funeral agapae or anniversaries by friends of the deceased, when the oblatio pro dormitione, or Mass for the dead, was offered. Two such cellae, or cemeterial basilicas, dedicated respectively to Sts. Sixtus and Cecilia and St. Soter, may still be seen in the cemetery of St. Callistus. In form they belong to the class of edifices known as cellae trichorae, each consisting of a rectangular nave terminating in three semicircular apses, the chords of which form three sides of a square. In other instances cellae terminate in a single apse. Originally each of these cellae consisted of three apses alone which probably served as a choir or sanctuary for the clergy during the celebration of the liturgy, while the congregation assisted at the services from the adjacent lawn. Owing to the great respect of the Roman civil authorities for places of interment, it is conjectured that, except in the more rigorous persecutions, the Christians may have sometimes held their regular Sunday liturgical services in the manner described, under the pretext of memorial services for the dead.
    MAURICE M. HASSETT
    Transcribed by Gerald M. Knight

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cella — [ sela; sɛlla ] n. f. • 1759; mot lat. « loge » ♦ Archéol. Lieu du temple (grec, romain) où était la statue du dieu. ● cella, cellae ou cellas nom féminin (latin cella) Chambre d une divinité dans un temple. (La triade capitoline avait trois… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cella — eines Peripteros Als Cella (lat.: kleiner Raum, Zelle) bezeichnet man der Verwendung Vitruvs gemäß den inneren Hauptraum eines antiken griechischen oder römischen Tempels. Die Cella, in der die Götterstatue aufgestellt war, wurde als Raum der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cella — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Cella (desambiguación). Cella …   Wikipedia Español

  • cella — CÉLLA s.f. Sală sau spaţiu într un templu grec sau roman, unde se află statuia zeului protector; naos (2). – cuv. lat. Trimis de valeriu, 03.03.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  CÉLLA s. v. naos, navă. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  célla s …   Dicționar Român

  • Cella — Cella, lat., Gemach, Kammer, Wohnung, daher das deutsche Zelle. In den alten Tempeln war cella der abgesonderte Ort, wo das Götterbild stand …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • cella — / tʃɛl:a/ s.f. [lat. cella cameretta, dispensa, cantina ]. 1. a. [ambiente piccolo e nudo, in monasteri, romitaggi e sim.] ▶◀ cameretta, cubicolo, stanzetta. b. [stanza di segregazione in carceri, collegi e sim.: c. di rigore ] ▶◀ gabbia, (pop.)… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • cella — (Del lat. cella). f. Arq. Espacio interior, de forma rectangular, que constituye el núcleo de la construcción en los templos griegos y romanos, y comunica por uno de sus lados con el pronaos o pórtico …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Cella — Cel la, n. [L.] (Arch.) The part inclosed within the walls of an ancient temple, as distinguished from the open porticoes. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cella's — is a brand of chocolate covered cherries marketed by Tootsie Roll Industries.It currently comes in the following variety:* Milk Chocolate Covered Cherries * Dark Chocolate Covered Cherries …   Wikipedia

  • Cella [1] — Cella (röm. Ant.), 1) Behältniß, um etwas aufzubewahren, z.B. C. penuarĭa, Speisekammer, C. vinarīa, Weinkeller; der Aufseher über eine C. hieß Cellarius; 2) ärmlicher Wohnort, z.B. der Armen, Sklaven; 3) in Tempeln Ort, wo das Götterbild stand,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.