Carrhae


Carrhae
Carrhae
A titular see of Mesopotamia

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Carrhae
    Carrhae
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Carrhae
    A titular see of Mesopotamia. Carrhae is the Haran of the Bible. It is frequently mentioned in Assyrian monuments under the name Harranu, which means "Road". It was the centre of the worship of the goddess Sin (the Moon), and was inhabited by Sabeans. Abraham came thither from Ur, in Chaldea (Gen., xi, 31), with his family, which remained there (xxvii, 43) while he went on to Canaan (xii, 1). Rebecca was born there (xxiv, 4), and Jacob lived there during fourteen years with his uncle Laban (xxviii, 2; xxxi, 3). Under King Hezekiah it was taken by the Assyrians (IV K., xix, 12; Is., xxxvii, 12). Ezechiel (xxvii, 23) says it had commercial relations with Tyrus. In the neighbouring plain Crassus was defeated and killed by the Parthians (53 B.C.); Emperor Galerius was defeated on the same site (A.D. 296).
    Christianity did not make rapid progress at Carrhae. Julian the Apostate, before his expedition against the Persians, resided there in preference to Edessa, a Christian city; under Justinian most of its inhabitants were yet heathen (Procop. De bel. Pers., II, 13). In time, however, it became a suffragan of Edessa in Osrhoene. Lequien (II, 973) mentions from the fourth to the sixth century eleven bishops; among them are: Vitus, the friend of St. Basil, St. Protogenes, and St. Abrahamius. The latter died at Constantinople. Emperor Theodosius II was so impressed by his saintly life that he chose to wear his poor tunic. From the sixth century the Jacobites had at Carrhae a very flourishing Church; Patriarch Michael the Syrian enumerates seventeen bishops from the eighth to the twelfth century (Revue de l'Orient chretien, 1901, p. 197). One Latin bishop is known, but not with certainty (Eubel, I, 282). Carrhae was the residence of Merwan, the last of the Ommiad caliphs, and became the centre of a famous Mussulman school, where, in the tenth century, many Greek works were translated into Arabic. Harran, to-day a village in a wide, barren plain, destitute of trees, is not far from the river Belikh (Bilichus), and about 25 miles from Orfa (Edessa) in the vilayet of Aleppo. Its houses are shaped like sugar loaves and inhabited chiefly by bedouins. There are ruins of a Roman camp, of many churches, and of a fortress dating from the Crusades. Near the village is still to be found the well whence Rebecca was drawing water when Eliezer found her.
    S. VAILHÉ
    Transcribed by Gerald M. Knight

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • CARRHAE — hodie Heren, civitas Arabiae, ad mare Rubrum. Steph. Morer. Est etiam civitas Mesopotamiae 40. milliar. ab Edessa. Ptol. et aliis ad Chaboram fluv. Crassi nobilitata clade, Flor. l. 3. c. 11. Plin. l. 5. c. 24. Lucan. l. 1. v. 104. Miserando… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Carrhae — Harran …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carrhae — geographical name ancient city N Mesopotamia SSE of modern Urfa …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Carrhae — Cạrrhae,   Cạrrhä, altorientalische Stadt, Karrhai …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Carrhae (Titularbistum) — Carrhae (ital.: Carre) ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf einen untergegangenen Bischofssitz in der gleichnamigen antiken Stadt, die in der römischen Provinz Mesopotamia bzw. in der Spätantike Osrhoene in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carrhae, Battle of — (53 BC) Battle that stopped the Roman invasion of Parthian Mesopotamia (see Parthia). The Romans were led by Crassus, who wanted a victory to balance those of his fellow triumvirs Pompey and Julius Caesar. With seven legions (about 44,000 men)… …   Universalium

  • Battle of Carrhae — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Carrhae partof=the Roman Persian Wars caption=A Parthian returning Legio X standard captured at Carrhae, on a Roman coin struck in 19 BC date=53 BC place=Near Carrhae (Harran) casus= territory=… …   Wikipedia

  • Schlacht bei Carrhae — Teil von: Partherkrieg des Crassus Datum Anfang Juni 53 v. Chr. Ort Carrhae, bei Harran, nördliches Mesopotamien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Batalla de Carrhae — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Batalla de Carrhae Mapa de la zona. Carrhae queda ubicada entre las cabeceras de los ríos Tigris y Éufrates …   Wikipedia Español

  • Batalla de Carrhae — La Batalla de Carrhae fue una importante batalla que tuvo lugar en el año 53 adC en la ciudad de Carrhae (actualmente Harran, Turquía) entre el ejército romano al mando del general Marco Licinio Craso y el ejército parto al mando del general… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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