Roman Emperor, son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna, b. 188; d. 217

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Caracalla
    Roman Emperor, son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna, b. 188; d. 217. He became joint ruler in 211 with his brother Geta, whom he caused to be murdered in 212, and thereby became sole emperor. He was slain himself in the neighbourhood of Carrhæ in Mesopotamia. In spite of his cruelty, immorality, avarice and treachery Caracalla was a brave soldier and successful administrator and did much to restore the security of the Empire by his campaigns against the Germans and in the Orient. He had little sympathy with Roman ideals or customs and his influence aided considerably in weakening the moral unity of the Empire and destroying the ancient traditions of Rome. The most noteworthy act of his reign was the extension by the Constitutio Antoniana (212) of the rights of Roman citizenship to all the inhabitants of the Empire. It is impossible to estimate what effect this rather doubtful boon had upon the fortunes of Christianity. While the martyrs henceforth could be executed as Romans the right of appeal to Cæsar was abrogated and new and heavy burdens of taxation were imposed. No changes in the laws regarding Christians were introduced by Caracalla and the policy followed in the reign of his father was continued with unabated severity and many were put to death. Rome and the spirit of syncretism fostered by the policy of this Emperor bore fruit in later reigns.
    TERTULLIAN, Ad Scapulam; DIO CASSIUS, Hist. Bk. LXXVII; HERODIAN, Bks. VII and VIII; SPARTIANUS, Vita Caracallæ in Scriptores Hist. Aug.; TILLEMONT, Hist. des Empereurs, III, 98; GIBBON, Chap. vi; ALLARD, Hist. des persécutions pendant la première moitié du IIIe siecle (Paris, 1886), II, 158-69; SCHILLER, Geschichte der römischen Kaiserzeit, I, pt. II, 739-89.
    P.J. HEALY
    Transcribed by WGKofron With thanks to Fr. John Hilkert and St. Mary's Church, Akron, Ohio

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caracalla — Puschkin Museum Caracalla (* 4. April 188 in Lugdunum, dem heutigen Lyon; † 8. April 217 in Mesopotamien) war von 211 bis zu seinem Tod römischer Kaiser. Sein offizieller Kaisername war Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus. Caracalla …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Caracalla — (de «Caracalla», emperador romano) 1 f. Cierta prenda de *vestir, de origen galo, adoptada por los romanos. 2 Cierto *peinado usado en el siglo XVIII. * * * caracalla. (De Caracalla, sobrenombre de Marco Aurelio Antonino, 186 217, emperador… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CARACALLA — (188 217) empereur romain (211 217) Caracalla retient l’attention, comme Caligula, Domitien ou Commode, parce qu’il joignait un certain déséquilibre psychologique à un pouvoir politique absolu. Il est né à Lyon en 188. Son père, Septime Sévère,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Caracalla [1] — Caracalla, altes gallisches Soldatenkleid, mit Ärmel u. Kappe; ging bis auf die Schenkel, später auf des Kaisers Caracalla Anordnung bis auf die Füße herab …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • CARACALLA (M.) — CARACALLA M. Aurel. Anton. Bassianus, Imperator post patrem Severum, Lugduninatus. Romam reversus Medicos, quod parentis mortem non accelerâssent, moriiussit, fratrem Getam, in matris sinu, occidit, Papinianum parricidium excusare nolentem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • caracalla — (De Caracalla, sobrenombre de Marco Aurelio Antonino, 186 217, emperador romano). 1. f. Prenda de vestir de origen galo, a manera de sobretodo, adoptada por los romanos. 2. Peinado que estuvo de moda en el siglo XVIII …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Caracalla [2] — Caracalla, M. Aurelius Antoninus Bassianus, Sohn des Kaisers Septimius Severus u. der Julia Domna, geb. 188 n. Chr. zu Lugdunum in Gallien. Noch als Knaben nahm Severus den C. u. seinen jüngern Bruder Geta mit zu einem Feldzug gegen die Parther,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • Caracalla [1] — Caracalla (lat.), in der römischen Kaiserzeit eine zugleich den Oberkörper bedeckende Kapuze; dann der von dem danach benannten Kaiser C. beim Heer eingeführte, bis auf die Knöchel reichende Kapuzenmantel …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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