Titular see of Phoenicia

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Byblos
    A titular see of Phoenicia. Byblos is the Greek name of Gebal "The Mountain", one of the oldest cities in Phoenicia Prima, quoted in an Egyptian inscription as early as 1550 B.C. Its inhabitants were skilled in stone and wood-carving (III Kings, v, 18) and in shipbuilding (Ezech., xxvii, 9). It was governed by kings, the last of whom was dethroned by Pompey. It is celebrated chiefly for its temple of Adonis, or Thammouz, whose voluptuous worship spread thence over Greece and Italy. It was the native place of Philo, a Greek historian and grammarian. As a Christian see it was suffragan to Tyre and according to one tradition, its first bishop was John Mark, the companion of St. Paul and St. Barnabas. Five other bishops are known before 553 (Lequien, Or. Chr., II, 821). The city was destroyed by an earthquake in 551 (Malalas, Chronogr., XVIII, P.G., XCVII, 704) and was in ruins as late as 570 (Pseudo-Antoninus, ed. Geyer, 159). The Crusaders took it in 1104; it then had a Greek bishop, but he was obliged to yield his see to a Latin successor, and from 1130 to 1500 about twenty Latin bishops are known (Lequien, Or. Chr., III, 1177; Eubel, Hier. Cath., I, 139; II, 119). Many Latin bishops are mentioned in "Revue Bénédictine", 1904, 98, sqq.; 1907, 63, sq. The modern Arabic name is Gebail. It is a mere village with about 1,000 inhabitants, almost all Christians (650 Maronites). There are thirteen churches; three of them are very beautiful and trace their origin to the Crusades. There is also at Byblos a castle of the same time, likewise some ruins of temples of Adonis and Isis. Gebail is yet a diocese for the Orthodox Greeks. For the Catholic or Melkite Greeks, the title of Byblos is united with Beirut, and for the Maronites with that of Batroun (Botrys).
    RENAN, Mission de Phenicie (Paris, 1864), 153-218; Le Mois litteraire et pittoresque (Paris, July, 1906); REY, Etude sur les monuments de l'architecture des Croises en Syrie (Paris, 1871), 217-219; ROUVIER, La necropole de Gebal- Byblos in Revue biblique, VIII, 553-565.
    Transcribed by Herman F. Holbrook A solis ortu usque ad occasum laudabile nomen Domini.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • byblos — (auj. Djebail au Liban) anc. cité phénicienne, partic. florissante au IIIe millénaire av. J. C., puis à l époque romaine. L influence égyptienne y fut très importante. Les fouilles de 1923 ont mis au jour le sarcophage en pierre du roi Ahiram… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Byblos — (Gebal, jetzt Dschubail), Stadt in Phönicien zwischen Tripolis und Berytus mit einem berühmten Tempel des Adonis. Es gab ein Alt und Neubyblos, von beider Geschichte ist nichts bekannt; ein Vasallenkönigthum erhielt sich in Byblos bis um 50 v.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Byblos — (a. Geogr.), in der Bibel Gebal, älteste Stadt in Phönikien, am Meere; lag früher (Alt B) etwas südlicher von der späteren Stadt, am Anfang eines Thals, war Residenz des Königs Kinyras u. Hauptsitz des Adoniscultus, mit Tempel der Aphrodite.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Byblos [1] — Byblos, griech. Benennung der Papyrusstaude, s. Cyperus …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Byblos [2] — Byblos (hebr. Gebal), uralte Stadt in Phönikien, zwischen Berytos und Tripolis, am Meer, Sitz des Adoniskultus. B., dessen Blüte vor die von Sidon fällt, hatte eigne, den Persern tributpflichtige Herrscher und gehörte in der Diadochenzeit bald zu …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Byblos — Byblos, hebr. Gebâl, uralte Stadt in Phönizien, zwischen Tripolis und Berytus, mit prachtvollem Adonistempel, erhielt sich unter eigenen Königen bis auf Pompejus; jetzt Dschebail (1000 E.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Byblos — ancient Phoenician port (modern Jebeil, Lebanon) from which Egyptian papyrus was exported to Greece. The name probably is a Greek corruption of Phoenician Gebhal, said to mean lit. frontier town (Cf. Heb. gebhul frontier, boundary, Arabic jabal… …   Etymology dictionary

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