Bute, John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, Third Marquess of
Bute, John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, Third Marquess of
Born at Mountstuart, Bute, 12 September, 1847; d. at Dumfries House, Ayrshire, 9 October, 1900

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Bute, John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, Third Marquess of
    John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, Third Marquess of Bute
     Catholic_Encyclopedia John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, Third Marquess of Bute
    Born at Mountstuart, Bute, 12 September, 1847; d. at Dumfries House, Ayrshire, 9 October, 1900, was the only child of the second Marquess by his second wife, Lady Sophia Hastings, and succeeded to the family honours when only six months old. His mother died in 1859, and after some disputes between his guardians he was sent to Harrow and subsequently to Christ Church, Oxford. Here he came under the influence of the advanced section of the Anglican Church, whose tenets his keen and logical intellect quickly saw to be inconsistent with non-communion with the Catholic Church. Bute's letters to one of his very few intimate friends during his Oxford career show with what conscientious care he worked out the religious question for himself. On the 8th of December, 1868, he was received into the Church by Monsignor Capel at a convent in Southwark, and a little later was confirmed by Pius IX, in Rome. He was present in Rome during part of the sittings of the Vatican Council, travelled afterwards in the East, and then returned home to settle down on his extensive estates in Scotland and Wales.
    In April, 1872, he married the Hon. Gwendolen Howard, eldest daughter of the first Lord Howard of Glossup, and had by her three sons and a daughter. A scholar and somewhat of a recluse by temperament, Bute had a high sense of public duty, and admirably fulfilled his functions as a great landowner and employer of labour. The first peer of modern times to undertake municipal office, he served both as Mayor of Cardiff and (twice) as Provost of Rothesay, in his titular island. His munificence was in proportion to his vast wealth (derived chiefly from his property in Cardiff), and innumerable poor Catholic missions throughout Britain, as well as private individuals, could testify to his lavish, though not indiscriminate generosity. A patron of learning throughout his career, he expended large sums in the assistance of impecunious scholars and in the publication of costly and erudite works. He was for several years Lord Rector of St. Andrews University, to which, as well as to Glasgow University, he was a munificent benefactor. Bute was a Knight of the Thistle, and also a Knight Grand Cross of St. Gregory and of the Holy Sepulchre. His personal habits were simple; but as a lover of art, with means to gratify his taste, he surrounded himself in his various splendid homes with much that was artistic and beautiful. His last years were clouded by a long and trying illness, patiently borne; and he died as he had lived, a devout and humble Catholic, a few weeks after his fifty-third birthday.
    Bute's chief published works are: "The Roman Breviary translated into English" (2 vols., 1879); "Ancient Language of the Natives of Teneriffe" (1891); "The Alleged Haunting of B——- House" (1899); "The Altus of St. Columba" (1882); "Early Days of Sir William Wallace" (1876); "David, Duke of Rothesay" (1894); "Form of Prayers, Christmas Services, etc." (1875, 1896); many articles in the "Scottish Review"; "Address at St. Andrews University" (published in Knight's "Rectorial Addresses").
    D.O. HUNTER-BLAIR
    Transcribed by William D. Neville

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, Third Marquess of Bute —     John Patrick Crichton Stuart, Third Marquess of Bute     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Patrick Crichton Stuart, Third Marquess of Bute     Born at Mountstuart, Bute, 12 September, 1847; d. at Dumfries House, Ayrshire, 9 October, 1900, was… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute — John Patrick Crichton Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute KT (12 September, 1847 ndash; 9 October, 1900, landed aristocrat, industrial magnate, antiquarian, scholar, philanthropist and architectural patron.The 3rd Marquess was born at the family seat of …   Wikipedia

  • Marquess of Bute — For the Prime Minister, see John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute. Marquessate of Bute Creation date 27 February 1796 Created by King George III Peerage Peer …   Wikipedia

  • Chiswick House — Chiswick House …   Wikipedia

  • List of Lords Commissioners of the Treasury — This is a list of Lords Commissioners of the Treasury of Great Britain. Commissioners of the Treasury of Great Britain (1714 1800)Townshend ministry (1714 1715)*October 13, 1714 **Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax (First Lord) **Sir Richard… …   Wikipedia

  • Clan Stewart — Crest badge …   Wikipedia

  • Clan Gordon — Crest badge …   Wikipedia

  • University of St Andrews — Infobox University name = University of St Andrews native name = latin name = Universitas Sancti Andreae apud Scotos (University of St Andrew amongst the Scots) image size = 126px motto = ΑΙΕΝ ΑΡΙΣΤΕΥΕΙΝ (AIEN ARISTEUEIN) ( el. Ever To Be The… …   Wikipedia

  • Clan Murray — Crest badge …   Wikipedia

  • Clan Lyon — is a Scottish clan, but is not associated with the lands of Glen Lyon in Perthshire, Scotland. Glamis Castle, seat of clan Lyon Contents 1 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”