- Buckfast Abbey
- Buckfast Abbey• Foundation date unknown, but long before the Norman Conquest
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Buckfast AbbeyBuckfast Abbey† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Buckfast AbbeyThe date of the foundation of the monastery of Our Lady of Buckfast, two miles from Ashburton, England, in a beautiful Devonshire valley watered by the Dart, is unknown; but it was certainly long before the Norman Conquest. The eartiest authentic document is a grant by King Canute (1015-1035), to the monks of Buckfast of the manor of Sele, now called Zeal Monachorum. The best authorities assign the foundation to the middle of the tenth century. Early in the twelfth century it was incorporated into the Benedictine Congregation of savigny, founded in Normandy in 1112. In 1148, five years before the death of St. Bernard, the thirty Savigny houses, including Buckfast (of which Eustace was then abbot) were affiliated to Clairvaux, thus becoming a part of the great Cistercian Order. Buckfast now developed into one of the most important monasteries in the great Diocese of Exeter. It flourished both materially and spiritually originating the celebrated woollen trade of the district encouraging other industries, and preserving unimpaired its discipline and the fervour of its observance. The latter, however, became relaxed (as in other Cistercian houses) in the fourteenth century, one result being the rapid diminution in the community. The reputation, however, of the monks for learning was sustained until the dissolution, and they seem to have been generally beloved in the district for their piety, kindliness, and benevolence.The last legitimately elected Abbot of Buckfast was John Rede, who died about 1535, the year of the Visitation ordered by Henry VIII, which resulted in the intrusion of Gabriel Donne into the vacant chair. Donne surrendered the house to the King in 1538, receiving for himself ample compensation. The buildings were immediately sold, the lead stripped from the roof, and the monastery and church left to decay. In 1882, about three centuries and a half after the suppression of the Cistercian Abbey, the ruined building came again into the possession of Benedictine monks, belonging to the French province of the Cassinese Congregation of the Primitive Observance. Mass was again said and the Divine Office chanted at Buckfast on 29 October, 1882, and eight months later the Abbey was legally conveyed to the monks.The plan of the buildings at Buckfast followed the conventional Cistercian arrangement, with the cloister south of the church, and grouped round it the chapter-house, calefactory, refectory, and other loca regularia. The church was 220 feet long, with short transcripts, each with a small eastern chapel. The Benedictines now in possession have built a temporary church, and are proceeding with the work of rebuilding the former one, and the rest of the monastic buildings, on the ancient foundations. The tower which still remains was been carefully restored, and the southern wing of the monastery has been rebuilt in simple twelfth-century style, and was opened in April, 1886. The third abbot since the return of the monks in 1882, Dom Anscher Vouier, formerly one of the professors at the Benedictine University of St. Anselm in Rome, was solemnly blessed by the Bishop of Plymouth in October, 1906.D.O. HUNTER-BLAIRTranscribed by Joseph P. Thomas
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Buckfast Abbey — forms part of an active Benedictine monastery at Buckfastleigh, Devon, England. Dedicated to Saint Mary, it was founded in 1018 and run by the Cistercian order from 1147 until it was destroyed under the Dissolution of the Monasteries. In 1882… … Wikipedia
Buckfast Abbey — 1937 vollendete Klosterkirche im normannischen und frühgotischen Stil Lage Vereinigtes Konigreich … Deutsch Wikipedia
Buckfast — can mean:* Buckfast, a small village near to Buckfastleigh in Devon, England. * Buckfastleigh, a town in Devon, England * Buckfast Abbey, a monastery near Buckfastleigh * Buckfast Tonic Wine, a fortified wine made at Buckfast Abbey * Buckfast bee … Wikipedia
Buckfast — ist eine Abtei der Benediktiner in Buckfastleigh in der englischen Grafschaft Devon, gegründet 1030, wiedererrichtet ab 1882, neu geweiht 1932, siehe Buckfast Abbey ein Likörwein aus der Benediktinerabtei von Buckfast: en:Buckfast Tonic Wine eine … Deutsch Wikipedia
Buckfast Tonic Wine — as indeed is the wine base used today.The wine was originally sold in small quantities by the Abbey itself, as a medicine with the slogan Three small glasses a day, for good health and lively blood . In 1927 the Abbey lost its licence to sell… … Wikipedia
Buckfast bee — The Buckfast hybrid bee was a honey bee developed by Brother Adam , (born Karl Kehrle in 1898 in Germany), who was in charge of beekeeping at Buckfast Abbey. In the early 20th century bee populations were being decimated by Isle of Wight disease … Wikipedia
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Abbaye de Buckfast — Présentation Nom local Buckfast Abbey Culte Catholicisme Type Abbaye … Wikipédia en Français
Abadía de Buckfast — Abadía Buckfast … Wikipedia Español
Downside Abbey — The Basilica of St Gregory the Great at Downside, commonly known as Downside Abbey, is a Roman Catholic Benedictine monastery and the Senior House of the English Benedictine Congregation. One of its main apostolates is a school for children aged… … Wikipedia