- Bridgewater Treatises
- Bridgewater Treatises• These publications derive their origin and their title from the Rev. Francis Henry Egerton, eighth and last Earl of Bridgewater
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Bridgewater TreatisesBridgewater Treatises† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Bridgewater TreatisesThese publications derive their origin and their title from the Rev. Francis Henry Egerton, eighth and last Earl of Bridgewater who, dying in the year 1829, directed certain trustees named in his will to invest in the public funds the sum of £8,000, which sum with the accruing dividends was to be held at the disposal of the president for the time being, of the Royal Society of London to be paid to the person or persons nominated by him. It was further directed that those so selected should be appointed to write, print, and publish one thousand copies of a work: "On the Power, Wisdom and Goodness of God as manifested in the Creation illustrating such work by all reasonable arguments as, for instance, the variety and formation of God's creatures, in the animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms; the effect of digestion and thereby of conversion; the construction of the hand of man and an infinite variety of other arguments; as also by discoveries ancient and modern in arts, sciences, and the whole extent of modern literature".The President of the Royal Society was then Davies Gilbert, who with the advice of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of London, and a nobleman who had been intimate with the testator determined that the money should be assigned to eight several persons for as many distinct treatises. The works produced in consequence were the following:(1) "The Adaptation of External Nature to the Moral and Intellectual Constitution of Man", by Thomas Chalmers (1833);(2) "Chemistry, Meteorology, and Digestion", by William Prout, M. D (1834);(3) "History, Habits, and Instincts of Animals", by William Kirby (1835);(4) "The Hand, as Evincing Design", by Sir Charles Bell (1837);(5) "Geology and Mineralogy", by Dean Buckland (1837);(6) "The Adaptation of External Nature to the Physical Condition of Man", by J. Kidd, M. D (1837);(7) "Astronomy and General Physics", by Dr. William Whewell (1839),(8) "Animal and Vegetable Physiology", by P. M. Roget, M. D. (1840). The nature of the Treatises is clearly indicated by Lord Bridgewater's instructions, and by their several titles.The selection of writers was somewhat severely criticized at the time, and the treatises are undoubtedly of unequal merit, but several of them took a high rank in apologetic literature, the best known being probably those by Buckland, Bell, and Whewell. At the present day, however, they are wellnigh forgotten and their value for the purpose they were designed to serve is very small. This is partly because the marvelous advances of recent years have made much of their science antiquated and out of date, but still more because of the almost total abandonment of the point of view on which their authors founded arguments to demonstrate the existence of design in nature. It is now generally felt to be an unsatisfactory, or, at least, less satisfactory method, to argue from particular examples in which analogy can be traced between the mechanism found in nature and that contrived by man, as, for instance to take one specially mentioned by Darwin, in the hinge of a bivalve shell, as though it were in such cases alone that the operation of Mind manifested itself. The best modern apologists insist rather on the note of law and order stamped everywhere upon the universe, inorganic no less than organic, upon the reality and ubiquity of which the validity of all scientific methods wholly depends, while the progress of scientific discovery does but immensely enhance the weight of the argument based upon it. At the same time, it cannot be admitted that the old-fashioned natural theology of the Treatises is so devoid of value as many modern critics pretend. The marvelous contrivances which we meet everywhere in organic nature remain wholly inexplicable by natural selection or other non-intelligent agents in which purpose is not included, and to the ordinary unsophisticated mind they bring home, as what may be deemed more philosophical arguments can not, the truth that here we have direct evidence of a Supreme Artificer.JOHN GERARDTranscribed by Joseph E. O'Connor
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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The Bridgewater Treatises — Die Bridgewater Treatises sind eine Reihe naturtheologischer Schriften des 19. Jahrhunderts, die vom damaligen Earl of Bridgewater Francis Henry Egerton herausgegeben wurden (posthum erschienen 1833 1840). Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Reaktionen 2… … Deutsch Wikipedia
BRIDGEWATER, FRANCIS HENRY EGERTON, 8TH EARL OF — educated for the Church, bequeathed £8000 for the best work on natural theology, which his trustees expended in the production of eight works by different eminent men, called Bridgewater Treatises, all to be found in Bohn s Scientific Library… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Francis Henry Egerton, 8. Earl of Bridgewater — (* 11. November 1756; † 11. Februar 1829), bis 1823 als Francis Egerton bekannt, war ein angesehener britischer Exzentriker, Schriftsteller und Anhänger der natürlichen Theologie. Manche seiner Werke verfasste er in französischer Sprache als… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Francis Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater — Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (November 11 1756 February 11, 1829), known as Francis Egerton until 1823, was a noted British eccentric, and supporter of natural theology.He was a son of John Egerton, Bishop of Durham and Anne… … Wikipedia
Ninth Bridgewater Treatise — The Ninth Bridgewater Treatise was published by Charles Babbage in 1837 as a response to the eight Bridgewater Treatises that the Earl of Bridgewater, Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl, had funded and in particular with reference to a comment in… … Wikipedia
Francis Henry Egerton Bridgewater — Francis Henry Egerton Bridgewater, jarl af (1758 1829), stillede ved sit testamente 8000 £ til disposition for The Royal Society, således at de skulle gives til en eller flere forfattere, der skulle vælges af præsidenten for dette selskab til at… … Danske encyklopædi
Natural theology — is a branch of theology based on reason and ordinary experience. Thus it is distinguished from revealed theology (or revealed religion) which is based on scripture and religious experiences of various kinds; and also from transcendental theology … Wikipedia
William Prout — por Henry Wyndham Phillips William Prout (Horton, Gloucestershire, 15 de enero de 1785 – Londres, 9 de abril de 1850) fue un químico … Wikipedia Español
William Paley — Infobox Scientist name = William Paley box width = 300px image width = 300px caption = William Paley (1743 1805) birth date = July 1743 birth place = Peterborough, England death date = 25 May 1805 death place = Bishopwearmouth, England residence … Wikipedia
William Kirby (entomologist) — Infobox Scientist name = William Kirby box width = 236px image width = 230px caption = birth date = September 19, 1759 birth place = Witnesham, Suffolk, England death date = July 4, 1850 death place = residence = England citizenship = England… … Wikipedia