Tripolis


Tripolis
Tripolis
    Tripolis
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Tripolis
    (TRIPOLITANA).
    A Maronite and Melchite diocese, in Syria. The primitive name of the town is not known; Dhorme (Revue biblique, 1908, 508 sqq.) suggests that it is identical witrh Shi-ga-ta mentioned in the El-Amarna letters between 1385 and 1368 B.C. The name Tripolis is derived from the fact that the city formed three districts separated from each other by walls, inhabited by colonists from Aradus, Tyre, and Sidon, and governed by a common senate. Almost nothing is known of its ancient history. Christianity was introduced there at an early date; mention may be made of a much frequented sanctuary there which was dedicated to the martyr St. Leontius, whose feast is observed on 18 June (Analecta bollandiana, XIX, 9-12). The see, which was in the Province of Tyre and the Patriarchate of Antioch, had a bishop, Helladicus, in 325; other bishops were: the Arian ( see Arianism ) Theodosius; Commodus, who was present at the Council of Ephesus in 431; and Theodorus, at that of Chalcedon in 451 (Le Quien, "Oriens christ.", II, 821-24). After an earthquake Tripolis was restored by Emperor Marcianus about the middle of the fifth century, to be captured by the Arabs in 638, when it became a powerful centre of the Shiite religion, resisting all attacks by the Byzantines. It then had a university and a library of more than 100,000 volumes; the latter was burned on the arrival of the Crusaders. As early as 1103 Raymond, Count of Saint-Gilles, being unable to capture the city, built on a neighbouring hill the stronghold which still exists and compelled the inhabitants to pay him tribute. In 1109 the city was captured, made a countship, and given to Bertrand, Raymond's son, and to his descendants. The latter owned it until 1289, when it was taken from them by Sultan Qalaoun, who massacred the entire Christian population. Du Cange (Les familles d'outre-mer, 811-13) and Eubel (Hierarchia catholica medii ævi, I, 526: II, 281; III, 339) give the list of its Latin residential and titular bishops. In 1517 the Turks finally captured Tripoli and still retain possession of it. In 1697 the Maronite prince Younès was martyred there for the Faith, and in 1711 the Sheikh Canaan-Daher-Shhedid.
    Tripolis is now a sanjak of the vilayet of Beirut, and contains two towns linked by a tramway: El-Mina, or maritime Tripolis, on the site of the ancient city, and Taraboulos, built since 1289, at the foot of Raymond's fortress. The two cities together contain 37,000 inhabitants, of whom 110 are Latins, 2200 Oriental Catholics of various rites, and 4000 schismatic Melchites; the remainder are Mussulmans ( see Mohammed and Mohammedanism ). The Maronite bishop, Mgr. Antoine Arida, consecrated on 18 June, 1908, resides at Karrusadde. The Melchite bishop, Mgr. Joseph Doumani, was consecrated on 21 March, 1897. The Franciscans have the Latin parish and two establishments. In this parish are also established the Lazarists, the Carmelites, the Brothers of the Christian Schools, and the Sisters of Charity. The sanctuary of the Blessed Virgin is called Saïdyat el-Harah, Our Lady of the Quarter. The Maronite diocese has 48,000 faithful, 350 priests, and 70 churches. The Melchite diocese, created in 1897, has 1225 faithful, 14 priests, 10 churches or chapels, and 6 schools. The schismatic Melchite diocese has 50,000 members.
    DU CANGE, Les familles d'outre-mer (Paris, 1869), 477-95; RENAN, Mission de Phénicie (Paris, 1864), 120-30; GUÉRIN, Description de la Palestine: Galilee, II, 23-30; GOUDARD, La Sainte Vierge au Liban, 269-77; Missiones catholicæ (Rome, 1907), 783, 819; CHARON in Annuaire pont. cath. (Paris, 1911), 430.
    S. VAILHÉ
    Transcribed by Dorothy Haley In honor of the Queen of Peace

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tripolis — Tripolis, östlich von Tunis (s. d.) gelegen, ein nicht bestimmt begrenzter Theil der großen afrikanischen Wüste, wo fruchtbare Streifen mit großen, unabsehbaren Sandstrecken abwechseln und die Bergkette Ghuriano ihren versöhnenden Felsenschatten… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Tripŏlis — Tripŏlis, 1) Stadt in Nordphönicien, am Mittelmeere, trieb starken Seehandel, welcher durch den trefflichen Hafen begünstigt wurde. Jetzt Tripoli od. Tarablus (s.d. 2). T. war von Tyros, Sidon u. Arados so angelegt, daß jede der drei Colonien… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tripŏlis — (Tripoli, auch Tripolitanien), türk. Provinz an der Nordküste von Afrika, zwischen Tunis und Ägypten (8°50 und 25°20 östl. L.), im S. an die Wüste grenzend (s. Karte »Algerien etc.«), umfaßt mit Fezzan und Barka (s. d.) etwa 1,033,400–1,050,000… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tripolis — Tripolis, 1) (Tripoli, türk. Tarâbulus el Gharb) Hauptstadt des türk. Wilajets T. in Nordafrika (s. oben), an der Kleinen Syrte des Mittelmeers, unter 32°54 nördl. Br. und 13°11 östl. L., auf einer Landzunge in fruchtbarer Gegend, hat einen durch …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tripolis — Tripŏlis (Tripolitsa), Hauptstadt des griech. Nomos Arkadien, am Fuße des Mänalos, (1896) 15.521 E., lebhafter Marktplatz …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tripolis [2] — Tripŏlis (Tripoli), Tripolitanien (im engern Sinne), türk. Wilajet an der Nordküste Afrikas [Karte: Afrika I], im O. von Tunis, die Landsch. T. (im N.) und das Oasenland Fessan (im S.) umfassend; mit der Landsch. Barka (türk. Mutessariflik… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tripolis — Tripolis. Nach der Besetzung von T. durch Italien, Ende 1911, schritt die Heeresverwaltung sofort zum Bahnbau, um sich das Gebiet strategisch zu sichern. Zunächst wurde in 95 cm Spurweite (wie in Erithrea nach dem sizilischen Vorbild, unter… …   Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens

  • Tripolis [1] — Tripolis, Tarablus, Hauptst. des gleichnamigen türk. Paschaliks in Syrien, mit 16000 E.; sein Hafenort ist der Flecken Mariana. – T. wurde von den Städten Sidon, Tyrus u. Aradus angelegt, spielte in den Kreuzzügen eine bedeutende Rolle und war… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Tripolis [2] — Tripolis , Staat der Berberei, zwischen dem Mittelmeer, Tunis, Barka, Fezzan u. der Sahara, über 5000 QM. groß mit vielleicht 1 Mill. E., ist ziemlich fruchtbar, von einem Zweige des Atlas durchzogen, an der Ostgränze wüste. In den Städten wohnen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • trípolis — s. m. [Mineralogia] Substância siliciosa, pulverulenta, que serve para polir …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa


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