The Abbey of Bury St. Edmund's


The Abbey of Bury St. Edmund's
The Abbey of Bury St. Edmund's
    The Abbey of Bury St. Edmund's
     Catholic_Encyclopedia The Abbey of Bury St. Edmund's
    The first religious foundation there was established by Sigebert, King of the East Angles, who resigned his crown to found a monastery about 537. It became celebrated when the Relics of the martyred King Edmund were brought there in 903, after which time the town, till then called Boedericsworth, became known as St. Edmund's Town or St. Edmund's Bury. During the reign of Canute (1016-35) the secular canons were replaced by Benedictines. In 1095 there was a solemn translation of the saint's Relics to the new church built by Abbot Baldwin. The shrine grew in fame, wealth, and magnificence till the monastery was considered second only to Glastonbury, but in 1465 a terrible fire caused irreparable loss to the church, from which it never recovered. The abbot had a seat in Parliament and possessed full jurisdiction over the town and neighbourhood. There was accomodation for eighty monks, but more than two hundred persons resided in the Abbey. At the dissolution, the revenues were valued at £2,366, equivalent to more than £20,000 in present money. It was in the abbey church that the memorable meeting of barons took place in the year 1214, when Cardinal Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, standing at the high altar, read out the proposed Charter of Liberties, which in the form of Magna Charta was signed by King John in 1215. The abbey was finally dissolved by Henry VIII in 1539, when the abbey church and the monastic buildings were in large measure destroyed, the gateway, an ancient bridge, and other scattered ruins alone now remaining. The fate of the saint's Relics has never been decided. According to one tradition, they were abstracted by Prince Louis of France in 1217. Relics purporting to be those of the saint were long preserved at Toulouse, until in 1901, Cardinal Vaughan, Archbishop of Westminster, obtained leave to translate them to England. Doubts having been thrown on the authenticity of the Relics, a commission of investigation was appointed by the Holy See, but no report has been published. Among the famous monks of the Abbey were Abbot Sampson and his chronicler Jocelin of Brakelond (d. 1211); John Boston de Bury, author and bibliographer (d. 1430); John Lydgate, poet (d. 1446), and Byfield who was burnt for heresy in 1530.
    THOMPSON, "Records of St. Edmund's"; DUGDALE, "Monasticism" (London, 1821), III, 98-176; JOCELINI DE BRAKELONDA, "De rebus gestis Samsonis Abbatis" (Camden Society, 1840); TYMMS, "Handbook of Bury St. Edmunds" (8th ed., 1905). See also CARLYLE, "Past and Present" (1843).
    EDWIN BURTON
    Transcribed by John Looby

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bury St. Edmund's, The Abbey of — • The first religious foundation there was established by Sigebert, King of the East Angles, who resigned his crown to found a monastery about 537 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bury St. Edmunds Abbey — right|thumb|300px|The Abbey ruins, Bury St EdmundsBury St. Edmunds Abbey was once among the richest Benedictine monasteries in England. Its ruins lie in Bury St. Edmunds, a town in the county of Suffolk, England. When, in the early tenth century …   Wikipedia

  • Edmund the Martyr — For the 13th century Archbishop, see St. Edmund of Abingdon. Infobox Monarch name =St Edmund the Martyr title =King of the East Angles caption =Detail from the Wilton Diptych. reign =25 December, 855 – 20 November, 869 coronation = othertitles =… …   Wikipedia

  • The Benedictine Order —     The Benedictine Order     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Benedictine Order     The Benedictine Order comprises monks living under the Rule of St. Benedict, and commonly known as black monks . The order will be considered in this article under… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Edmund — or Edmond [ed′mənd] n. 〚OE Eadmund < ead (see EDGAR1) + mund, hand, protection: see MANUAL〛 a masculine name: dim. Ed, Ned * * * (849–870) a …   Universalium

  • Bury St. Edmunds witch trials — The Bury St Edmunds witch trials were a series of trials conducted in the town of Bury St Edmunds in Suffolk, England intermittently between the years 1599 and 1694. Two specific trials in 1645 and 1662 became historically well known. The 1645… …   Wikipedia

  • The Celtic Rite —     The Celtic Rite     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Celtic Rite     This subject will be treated under the following seven heads:     I. History and Origin; II. Manuscript Sources; III. The Divine Office; IV. The Mass; V. the Baptismal Service; …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bury St Edmunds — Infobox UK place country = England latitude = 52.2474 longitude = 0.7183 official name = Bury St Edmunds population = 35,015 [United Kingdom Census 2001] shire district = St Edmundsbury region = East of England shire county = Suffolk constituency …   Wikipedia

  • Bury Saint Edmunds — ▪ England, United Kingdom       town, St. Edmundsbury borough, administrative and historic county of Suffolk, England, northwest of Ipswich on the River Lark.       At Beodricesworth, as the town was first called, Sigebert, king of the East… …   Universalium

  • Edmund der Märtyrer — Edmund der Märtyrer, Detail aus dem Wilton Diptychon um 1399 Edmund der Märtyrer (auch: Eadmund, Ædmund oder Eadmundus; * um 841; † 20. November 869) war von 855 bis zu seinem Tod König des angelsächsischen Königreichs East Anglia. Er wird als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.