St. Jeanne de Valois
St. Jeanne de Valois
    St. Jeanne de Valois
     Catholic_Encyclopedia St. Jeanne de Valois
    Queen and foundress of the Order of the Annonciades, b. 1464; d. at Bourges, 4 Feb., 1505. Daughter of one king and wife of another, there are perhaps few saints in the calendar who suffered greater or more bitter humiliations than did Madame Jéhanne de France, the heroic woman usually known in English as St. Jane of Valois. A daughter of Louis XI by his second wife, Charlotte of Savoy, she was hated from birth by her father, partly because of her sex and partly on account of her being sickly and deformed. Sent away to be brought up by guardians in a lonely country château, and deprived not only of every advantage due to her rank, but even of common comforts and almost of necessities, it was the intense solitude and abjectness of her life that first made Jeanne turn to God for consolation, and that gave her very early a tender and practical devotion to the Blessed Virgin. She is said to have had a supernatural promise that some day she would be allowed to found a religious family in honour of Our Lady. The mysteries of the Annunciation and Incarnation, as set forth in the Angelus, were her great delight.
    For political purposes of his own, Louis XI compelled Jeanne to marry Louis, Duke of Orleans, his second cousin, and heir presumptive to the throne. After her marriage, the princess suffered even more than before, for the duke hated the wife imposed upon him, and even publicly insulted her in every possible way. She, imagining virtues in her husband that did not exist, loved him tenderly, and when he got into disgrace and was imprisoned exerted herself to mitigate his sufferings and to get him freed. No sooner, however, was the duke, on the death of Charles VIII, raised to the throne of France as Louis XII, than he got his marriage with Jeanne annulled at Rome, on the ground that it was invalid, from lack of consent, and from the fact that it had never been consummated (see ALEXANDER VI); and the saint's humiliations reached their climax when she found herself, in the face of all France, an unjustly repudiated wife and queen.
    But the two special virtues in which Jeanne had resolved to imitate the Blessed Virgin were silence and humility; hence, though she bravely contested the matter while it was of any use, she accepted the verdict, when it came, without a complaint, merely thanking God that it left her free to serve His Mother as she had always hoped to do, by founding an order for her service. She was made Duchess of Berry, and given that province to govern. Going to live at Bourges, its capital, she fulfilled all her duties as ruler with strict conscientiousness and tender care for her subjects' welfare. In 1500, in conjunction with her Franciscan director, Gilbert Nicolas, Jeanne founded the Order of the Annonciades, an order for prayer and penance, whose chief rule was to imitate the virtues of Mary, as shown in the Gospels. The rejected queen found happiness at last in devoting herself to this work; and towards the end of her life, she took the vows herself, gave up her wedding ring, which she had hitherto worn, and wore the habit under her clothes. In spite of bad health and constant suffering, she had done much bodily penance all her life, besides giving many hours to prayer. Up to her death she prayed incessantly for her heartless husband, and left as a legacy to her order the duty of constant prayer for his soul as well as her father's and brother's.
    Jeanne died as she had lived, and was lamented by her spiritual daughters and all her people. Many Miracles, especially of healing, followed her death. In 1514, Leo X allowed the Annonciades to honour her by a special office. Benedict XIV pronounced her Blessed, and extended her cult throughout France; but, though the process of canonization had been introduced in 1614, owing to various delays and hindrances, she has never been actually canonized, though universally known as a saint.
    FLAVIGNY, Une Fille de France; la Bienheuruse Jéhanne; (Paris, 1896); BUCHBERGER, Kirchliches Handlexicon, s.v. Johanna v. Valois; CHEVALIER, Bio-Bibl., s.v.
    F.M. CAPES
    Transcribed by Jennifer A. Schatz

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jeanne de Valois-Saint-Rémy — Jeanne de Valois Condesa de la Motte Jeanne de Valois Saint Rémy Nacimiento 1756 Fontette Fallecimiento 1791 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jeanne de Valois, Saint — • Biography of St. Jeanne, also known as Jéhanne de France or Jane of Valois, queen, founder of the Annonciades. She died in 1505 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jeanne de Valois — Johanna von Frankreich Jeanne de Valois (deutsch: Johanna von Valois; * 23. April 1464; † 4. Februar 1505 in Bourges) war Tochter Ludwigs XI. von Frankreich und dessen zweiter Ehefrau Charlotte von Savoyen. Weitere Namen und Titel waren St.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jeanne de Valois (1556-1556) — Catherine de Médicis Pour les articles homonymes, voir Catherine de Médicis (homonymie). Catherine de Médicis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • La Motte, Jeanne de Valois, countess de — (1756 1791) (Jeanne de Valois St Rémy)    nobility    Born in Fontette, Languedoc, Jeanne de Valois, countess de la Motte was an aristocrat who played an important role, on the eve of the revolution of 1789, in the scandalous Affair of the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Jeanne of Valois-Saint-Rémy — Jeanne de Valois Saint Rémy, Comtesse de la Motte (22 July 1756 – 23 August 1791) was a notorious French adventuress and thief; she was married to Nicholas de la Motte whose family s claim to nobility is dubious. She herself was an impoverished… …   Wikipedia

  • Victoire de Valois — Catherine de Médicis Pour les articles homonymes, voir Catherine de Médicis (homonymie). Catherine de Médicis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Victoire de Valois (1556-1556) — Catherine de Médicis Pour les articles homonymes, voir Catherine de Médicis (homonymie). Catherine de Médicis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Catherine de Valois (1401–1437) — Catherine de Valois (* 27. Oktober 1401 in Paris; † 3. Januar 1437 in Bermondsey Abbey (heute: London)), auch Catherine de France genannt, war als Gattin Heinrichs V. von 1420 bis 1422 englische Königin. Sie war die Mutter Heinrichs VI. von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jeanne d'Arc (film, 1999) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jeanne d Arc (homonymie). Jeanne d Arc Données clés Titre québécois L histoire de Jeanne d Arc Réalisation Luc Besson Scénario …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”