St. Comgall
St. Comgall
    St. Comgall
     Catholic_Encyclopedia St. Comgall
    Founder and abbot of the great Irish monastery at Bangor, flourished in the sixth century. The year of his birth is uncertain, but according to the testimony of the Irish annals it must be placed between 510 and 520; his death is said to have occurred in 602 ("Annals of Tighernach" and "Chronicon Scotorum"), or 597 (Annals of Innisfallen). He was born in Dalaradia in Ulster near the place now known as Magheramorne in the present County Antrim. He seems to have served first as a soldier, and on his release from military service he is said to have studied at Clonard with St. Finnian, and at Clonmacnoise with St. Ciaran, who died in 549. We next find him in Ulster in an island on Lough Erne accompanied by a few friends following a very severe form of monastic life. He intended to go to Britain, but was dissuaded from this step by Lugidius, the bishop who ordained him, at whose advice he remained in Ireland and set himself to spread the monastic life throughout the country. The most famous of the Comgall is Bangor, situated in the present County Down, on the Southern shore of Belfast Lough and directly opposite to Carrickfergus. According to the Irish annals Bangor was founded not later than 552, though Ussher and most of the later writers on the subject assign the foundation to the year 555. According to Adamnan's "Life of Columba", there was a very close connection between Comgall and Columba though there does not appear to be sufficient authority for stating that Comgall was the disciple of Columba in any strict sense. He is said to have been the friend of St. Brendan, St. Cormac, St. Cainnech, and Finbarr of Moville. After intense suffering he received the Eucharist from St. Fiacra and expired in the monastery at Bangor.
    Comgall belonged to what is known as the Second Order of Irish Saints. These flourished in the Irish Church during the sixth century. They were for the most part educated in Britain, or received their training from those who had grown up under the influence of the British Schools. They were the founders of the great Irish monastic schools, and contributed much to the spread of monasticism in the Irish Church. It is an interesting question how far Comgall, or men like him, had advanced in their establishments at Bangor and elsewhere in introducing the last stages of monasticism then developed on the Continent by St. Benedict. In other words, did St. Congall give his monks at Bangor a strict monastic rule resembling the Rule of St. Benedict? There has come down to us a Rule of St. Comgall in Irish, but the evidence would not warrant us in saying that as it stands at present it could be attributed to him. The fact, however, that Columbanus, a disciple of Comgall and himself a monk of Bangor, drew up for his Continental monasteries a "Regula Monachorum" wound lead us to believe that there had been a similar organization in Bangor in his time. This, however, is not conclusive, since Columbanus might have derived inspiration from the Benedictine Rule then widely spread over South-Western Europe. St. Comgall is mentioned in the "Life of Columbanus" by Jonas, as the superior of Bangor, under whom St. Columbanus had studied. He is also mentioned under 10 May, his feast-day in the "Felire" of Oengus the Culdee published by Whitley Stokes for the Henry Bradshaw Society (2nd ed.), and his name is commemorated in the Stowe Missal (MacCarthy), and in the Martyrology of Tallaght.
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • St. Columba —     St. Columba     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Columba     Abbot of Iona, b. at Garten, County Donegal, Ireland, 7 December, 521; d. 9 June, 597. He belonged to the Clan O Donnell, and was of royal descent. His father s name was Fedhlimdh and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St. Columbanus —     St. Columbanus     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Columbanus     Abbot of Luxeuil and Bobbio, born in West Leinster, Ireland, in 543; died at Bobbio, Italy, 21 November, 615.     His life was written by Jonas, an Italian monk of the Columban… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St. Ernan —     Ernan     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Ernan     Name of four Irish saints. O Hanlon enumerates twenty five saints bearing the name Ernan, Ernain, or Ernin; it is, therefore, not surprising that their Acts have become confused.     (1) St. Ernan …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St. Baithen of Iona —     St. Baithen of Iona     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Baithen of Iona     An Irish monk, specially selected by St. Columba as one of the band of missionaries who set sail for Britain in 563. Born in 536, the son of Brenaron, he was an ardent… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St. Carthage —     St. Carthage     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Carthage     St. Carthage, whose name is also given as Mochuda, was born of a good family, in what is now County Kerry, Ireland, about the year 555. He spent his youth as a swineherd near… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St. Canice —     St. Canice     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Canice     (Or KENNY).     Commemorated on 11 October, born in 515 or 516, at Glengiven, in what is now County Derry, Ireland; died at Aghaboe in 600. He was descended from Ui Dalainn, a Waterford… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Comgall — For the 6th century king in Dál Riata, see Comgall mac Domangairt. Saint Comgall Born c. 510 520 Dál nAraidi (Dalaradia) in Ulster, Magheramorne in County Antrim Died 597 or 602 Honored in Roman Catholic Church, Anglican Church …   Wikipedia

  • St. Wendelin — Dieser Artikel behandelt die Person Heiliger Wendelin; für weitere Bedeutungen siehe Wendelin (Begriffsklärung). Wendelin (lat. Wendelinus, auch Wendalinus, ung. Wendel) ist ein katholischer Heiliger. Der Legende nach soll er im 6. Jahrhundert im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • St. Kevin (Coemgen) —     St. Kevin (Coemgen)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Kevin (Coemgen)     Abbot of Glendalough, Ireland, b. about 498, the date being very obscure; d. 3 June, 618; son of Coemlog and Coemell. His name signifies fair begotten. He was baptized… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St. Blane —     St. Blane     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Blane     (Or BLAAN).     Bishop and Confessor in Scotland, b. on the island of Bute, date unknown; d. 590. His feast is kept on 10 August. He was a nephew of St. Cathan, and was educated in Ireland …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”