St. Alphonsus Rodriguez


St. Alphonsus Rodriguez
St. Alphonsus Rodriguez
    St. Alphonsus Rodriguez
     Catholic_Encyclopedia St. Alphonsus Rodriguez
    (Also Alonso).
    Born at Segovia in Spain, 25 July, 1532; died at Majorca, 31 October, 1617. On account of the similarity of names he is often confounded with Father Rodriguez the author of "Christian Perfection", who though eminent in his holiness was never canonized. The Saint was a Jesuit lay-brother who entered the Society at the age of forty. He was the son of a wool merchant who had been reduced to poverty when Alfonso was still young. At the age of twenty-six he married Mary Suarez, a woman of his own station, and at thirty-one found himself a widower with one surviving child, the other two having died previously. From that time he began a life of prayer and mortification, although separated from the world around him. On the death of his third child his thoughts turned to a life in some religious order. Previous associations had brought him into contact with the first Jesuits who had come to Spain, Bl. Peter Faber among others, but it was apparently impossible to carry out his purpose of entering the Society, as he was without education, having only had an incomplete year at a new college begun at Alcala by Francis Villanueva. At the age of thirty-nine he attempted to make up this deficiency by following the course at the College of Barcelona, but without success. His austerities had also undermined his health. After considerable delay he was finally admitted into the Society of Jesus as a lay-brother, 31 January, 1571. Distinct novitiates had not as yet been established in Spain, and Alfonso began his term of probation at Valencia or Gandia — this point is a subject of dispute — and after six months was sent to the recently-founded college at Majorca, where he remained in the humble position of porter for forty-six years, exercising a marvelous influence on the sanctification not only of the members of the household, but upon a great number of people who came to the porter's lodge for advice and direction. Among the distinguished Jesuits who came under his influence was St. Peter Clavier, who lived with him for some time at Majorca, and who followed his advice in asking for the missions of South America. The bodily mortifications which he imposed on himself were extreme, the scruples and mental agitation to which he was subject were of frequent occurrence, his obedience absolute, and his absorption in spiritual things even when engaged on most distracting employments, continual. It has often been said that he was the author of the well known "Little Office of the Immaculate Conception", and the claim is made by Alegambe, Southwell, and even by the Fathers de Backer in their Bibliothèque de la Compagnie de Jésus. Apart from the fact that the brother did not have the requisite education for such a task, Father Costurer says positively that the office he used was taken from an old copy printed out of Spain, and Father Colin asserts that it existed before the Saint's time. It may be admitted, however, that through him it was popularized. He left a considerable number of manuscripts after him, some of which have been published as "Obras Espirituales del B. Alonso Rodriguez" (Barcelona, 1885, 3 vols., octavo, complete edition, 8 vols. in quarto). They have no pretense to style; they are sometimes only reminiscences of domestic exhortations; the texts are often repeated; the illustrations are from every-day life; the treatment of one virtue occasionally trenches on another; but they are remarkable for the correctness and soundness of their doctrine and the profound spiritual knowledge which they reveal. They were not written with a view to publication, but put down by the Saint himself, or dictated to others, in obedience to a positive command of his superiors. He was declared Venerable in 1626. In 1633 he was chosen by the Council General of Majorca as one of the special patrons of the city and island. In 1760 Clement XIII decreed that "the virtues of the Venerable Alonso were proved to be of a heroic degree"; but the expulsion of the Society from Spain in 1773, and its suppression, delayed his beatification until 1825. His canonization took place 6 September, 1887. His remains are enshrined at Majorca.
    Goldie, Life of St. Alfonso Rodriguez in Quarterly Series (London, 1889); Vie admirable de Alfonse d'après les Mémoires (Paris, 1890); Sommervogel, Bibliothèque de la C. de J., VI.
    T.J. CAMPBELL
    Transcribed by Michael Donahue A.M.D.G.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alphonsus Rodriguez, Saint — • Spanish born widower, Jesuit lay brother, served as porter at Majorca for 46 years, d. 1617. Also known as Alonso Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Alphonsus Rodriguez — Die Vision des Heiligen Alphonsus Rodriguez, von Francisco de Zurbarán Der Heilige Alphonsus Rodriguez (auch Alphons, Alfons, Alfonso, Alonso; * 25. Juli 1532 in Segovia; † 31. Oktober 1617 in Palma de Mallorca) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alphonsus Rodriguez — Infobox Saint name=Saint Alphonsus Rodriguez birth date=birth date|1532|7|25|mf=y death date=death date and age|1617|10|31|1532|7|25|mf=y feast day=October 30 venerated in=Roman Catholic Church imagesize=200px caption=The vision of Alonso… …   Wikipedia

  • Alphonsus Rodriguez, B. (3) — 3B. Alphonsus Rodriguez, S. J. Conv. (30. Oct.) Der sel. Alphons Rodriguez, Laienbruder der Gesellschaft Jesu, war im Jahr 1531 am 25. Juli, als dem Festtage des hl. Apostels Jakobus, des Patrons von Spanien, zu Segovia geboren. Er hatte sich… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Alphonsus Rodriguez (39) — 39Alphonsus Rodriguez, S. J. (15. Nov.) Alphons Rodriguez war ein Spanier von Geburt und wurde von den Heiden in Paraguay am 15. Nov. 1628 um Christi willen getödtet. (Tan.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Alphonsus Rodriguez (42) — 42Alphonsus Rodriguez, S. J. zu Valladolid in Spanien im Jahre 1526 geboren, war einer der ersten Gefährten des hl. Ignatius, lange Zeit Professor der Theologie in seinem Orden und in der Folge Rector des Collegs zu Monte Rey in der spanischen… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Rodriguez — Rodríguez oder Rodriguez ist ein gebräuchlicher spanischer Nachname. Bedeutung Der Name ist patronymisch gebildet, und bedeutet Sohn des Rodrigo. Die Endung ez oder es bezieht sich dabei auf den Sohn. Varianten Die portugiesische Version des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alphonsus — may refer to:as a given name: * Alphonsus Liguori (1696–1787), Roman Catholic Saint * Alphonsus Liguori Penney (born 1924), Canadian Roman Catholic priest * Alphonsus Rodriguez (1532–1617), Spanish Jesuit * Alphonsus a Sancta Maria (1396–1456),… …   Wikipedia

  • Rodríguez — oder Rodriguez ist ein gebräuchlicher spanischer Familienname. Bedeutung Der Name ist patronymisch gebildet, und bedeutet Sohn des Rodrigo. Die Endung „ ez“ oder „ es“ bezieht sich dabei auf den Sohn. Varianten Die portugiesische Version des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rodríguez (surname) — Family name name = Rodríguez caption = Rodríguez in the Spanish provinces meaning = Son of Rodrigo region = Spain language = Spanish search = Rodriguez related names = Rodigrue, Rodriques Rodríguez is a Spanish Patronymic (meaning Son of Rodrigo… …   Wikipedia


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