- Bethsaida• Details the city, pool, and titular see of this name
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- BethsaidaBethsaida† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► BethsaidaBethsaida is:♦ a city, or perhaps two cities, on the shore of the Lake of Genesareth, the frequent scene of Christ's preaching and Miracles (Matt., xi, 21; Luke, x, 13).♦ in the Vulgate, a pool in Jerusalem, also called Bethesda (John, v, 2).♦ a titular see.I. THE CITY(Gr. Bethsaidaa; from the Aramaic meaning "house, or place, of fishing"). The old writers, up to the sixteenth century, knew of but one Bethsaida, though they do not seem to have always indicated the same site. Since then it has been a much debated question whether there were not two places of this name: one east of the Jordan; the other west, near Capharnaum. A Bethsaida, which the Tetrarch Philip enlarged into a city and named Julias, after the daughter of Augustus, existed east of the river, near where it enters the lake (Josephus, Ant., XVIII, ii, 1; Bell. Jud., II, ix, 1; III, x, 7; Vita, 72). Near this Bethsaida took place the feeding of the five thousand (Luke, ix, 10) and the healing of the blind man (Mark, viii, 22). Whether another is to be admitted, depends on two questions on which the controversy mainly turns: whether Julias, though belonging politically to Gaulonitis, was comprised within the limits of Galilee (John, xii, 21) and whether, in Mark, vi, 45, and John, vi, 17, a direct crossing from the eastern to the western shore is intended. The negative view seems to be gaining ground. In the supposition: of two Bethsaidas, the western would be the home of Peter, Andrew, and Philip (John, i, 44; xii, 21), and the Bethsaida of Matt., xi, 21 and Luke, x, 13. Julias is identified by many with et-Tell; but, as this is somewhat too far up the river to answer Josephus's description, others prefer El-Araj, close to the shore, or Mesæadîyeh farther east. The partisans of a western Bethsaida are much divided on its site æAinet-Tâbigha and Khân Minyeh are most favored.II. THE POOL[Gr. Bethsaida, Bethesda, Bethzatha.) Bethesda is supported by most Greek manuscripts, still Bethzatha may be the true reading and Bethesda a corruption, as Bethsaida most probably is Bethesda, probably meaning "House of Mercy." The etymology of Bethzatha is uncertain. This pool had five porches in which the sick lay "waiting for the moving of the waters" (John, v, 3) and most likely steps led down to it. Here the Savior cured a man "that had been eight and thirty years under his infirmity". The Vulgate and most of the Fathers call it a "sheep pool" (probatike, probatica), but the Greek text of John, v, 2, is commonly understood to mean that it was situated near the sheep gate. This would place it north of the temple area. The early writers speak of it as a double pool, the fifth portico running between the two basins, but give no details as to its location. From the sixth to the thirteenth century, it is mentioned as being near the present church of St. Anne. Just west of this church an old double pool was discovered some years ago, which is, there is little doubt, the pool spoken of by medieval writers, and probably the old pool of Bethesda. Since the fourteenth century Birket Isrâæîn, northeast of the temple area, is pointed out as Bethesda. Others prefer the Fountain of the Virgin (æAin Sitti Mariam, or æAin Umm ed-Derej) because of its intermittent flow; or the pool of Siloe, which, being fed by the preceding, shares its intermittence. Lastly, some advocate Hammâm esh-Shifâ (Bath of Health), west of the temple area, because of its name.THE TITULAR SEEIt is uncertain at what period Bethsaida, the former of the two cities (Julias) mentioned under I, became a titular see depending on Scythopolis. There was in the region of Nineveh another Bethsaida, with a Jacobite titular bishop in 1278.I. In favor of the hypothesis of two cities of the same name, ROBINSON Bibl. Researches (London, 1856), II, 405; III, 358; RELAND Palätina (Utrecht, 1714), 653, 869; GUÉRIN, Galilee (Paris, 1880), I, 329; EWING in HASTINGS, Dict. of the Bible; VAN KASTEREN in Rev. Bibl., III, 65f. In favor of one, SMITH, Histor. Geogr. of the Holy Land, 457f. MARTA in Rev. Bibl., III, 445; BUHL, Geogr. d. alt. Paläst. (Freiburg im Br. 1896), 241f.; FURRER in Zeitschr d Deutsch. Pal. Ver., II, 66. See also: SCHÜRER, Jewish People (tr. New York, 1891), I, ii, 14; II, i, 135; HEIDET in VIG., Dict. do la Bible, I, 1713f.,II. - Survey of Western Palest., Jerusalerm, 115f.; Palest. Explor. Fund, Quart. Stat., 1888, 115f.; ROBINS0N, Bibl. Re searches (London, 1856), I, 330f.; GUÉRIN, Jérusalem (Paris 1889). 282f.; LIÉVIN DE HAMME, Terre Sainte (1897), I, 338-340; TOBLER, Denkblätter aus Jerus., 53-69; SCHICK in Zeitschr. d. Deutsch. Pal. Ver., XI, 178-183; HEIDET in VIG., Dict. de la Bible, 1723f.III. - LEQUIEN, Oriens Christ., II, 1577.F. BECHTELTranscribed by the Cloistered Dominican Nuns, Monastery of the Infant Jesus., Lufkin, Texas Dedicated to the Bremberg Family.
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Bethsaida — (/IPA|bɛθ.seɪ i.da/; Βηθσαΐδά, Bēthsaidá, Bet shayid “house of fishing”) Bethsaida Julias A city east of the Jordan River, in a “desert place” (that is, uncultivated ground used for grazing) possibly the site at which Jesus miraculously fed the… … Wikipedia
Bethsaida — (aram. bet sajda) „Haus des Fanges“ oder „Haus der Jagd“ ist eine Ortschaft in der antiken Gaulanitis am See Genezareth. Bekannt ist der Ort als Geburtsort der Apostel Petrus, Andreas und Philippus. Die Ruinen der antiken Ortschaft wurden von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
BETHSAIDA — (Heb. בֵּית צַיָּדָא, Bet Zayyada), fishing village that was situated on the northeast shore of the Sea of Galilee near the mouth of the Jordan River in the Second Temple period. Philip the son of Herod (herod ) Phillipus renamed it Julias in 30… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Bethsaĭda — (d.i. Fischerhaus, a. Geogr.), 1) Stadt in Gaulanitis, am OUfer des Sees Genezareth, wo der Jordan mündet; hieß später Julias; Ruinen auf dem jetzigen Hügel Tell; bei B. war die Speisung der 5000; 2) Stadt in Galiläa, am WUfer des Sees… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Bethsaida — (»Fischhausen«), Geburtsort der Apostel Petrus, Andreas und Philippus, unweit oberhalb des Jordaneinflusses in den See Genezareth, wurde vom Tetrarchen Philippos zur Stadt erhoben und zu Ehren der Tochter des Augustus Julias genannt. In seiner… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Bethsaida — Bethsaĭda (hebr., »Fischhausen«), Ort in Palästina, am See Genezareth, Heimat der Apostel Andreas, Petrus und Philippus, Schauplatz des Wirkens Jesu … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
BETHSAIDA — clara Glilaeae civitas, in tribu Zabulon, quae inter decem principales Decapolis regionis civitates recensetur. Sita est iuxta viam, quae e Syria in Aegyptum ducit, in angulo maris Galilaeae, ubi se mare ab Aquilone flectit contra Austrum, ex qua … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Bethsaida — House of fish. 1) A town in Galilee, on the west side of the sea of Tiberias, in the land of Gennesaret. It was the native place of Peter, Andrew, and Philip, and was frequently resorted to by Jesus (Mark 6:45; John 1:44; 12:21). It is… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Bethsaida — A town on the NE of the Sea of Galilee where Peter, Andrew, and Philip were born according to John 1:44; 12:21. Luke (9:10–17) locates the feeding of the 5,000 in the neighbourhood of Bethsaida, though Mark s geography (Mark 6:45) is unclear.… … Dictionary of the Bible
Bethsaida — the name of two villages, one on the western, one on the eastern, side of the Sea of Galilee, meaning house of fish … Dictionary of ichthyology