Saint Odo
Saint Odo
    St. Odo
     Catholic_Encyclopedia St. Odo
    Archbishop of Canterbury, d. 2 June, 959 (not in 958; recent researches showing that he was living on 17 May, 959). According to the nearly contemporary account of him in the anonymous "Life of St. Oswald' (op. cit. inf.) his father, a Dane, did not strive to serve God, even endeavouring to hinder his son's constant presence at the church. Later writers represent Odo's parents as pagans and the boy himself becoming a Christian despite his father's anger. Odo was adopted by Æthelhelm, a nobleman, who regarded him with paternal affection and educated him for the service of God. After his ordination he accompanied Æthelhelm to Rome and on the way cured him when he fell ill, by blessing a cup of wine and causing him to drink therefrom. On his return, according to the same writer, he was made bishop of a city in the province of Wilton, so that he has been described as the Bishop of Wilton, he consecration being placed in 920. There is no evidence for this date, and if he was consecrated by Archbishop Wulfhelm, as is stated, it could not have been before 923. There is a further difficulty as to his diocese, erroneously called Wilton. In 927 he was Bishop of Ramsbury, which being in Wiltshire might loosely be described as the Diocese of Wilton. But Eadmer states he was appointed Bishop of Sherborne, and there is an extant document (Cartm Saxonm 666) which lends some support to his statement. If it be true, he must have filled the See of Sherborne between Æthelbald and Sigehelm. As the latter was bishop in 925 this only allows two years for a possible episcopate of Odo. At the court of Athelstan (925-940) he was highly esteemed, and the king chose him to accompany abroad his nephew Lewis, whom the Frankish nobles had recently elected as their king. In 937 he accompanied Athelstan to the battle of Brunanburh, where the incident occurred of his miraculous restoration, at a critical moment, of the king's lost sword. The story, given by Eadmer, is not mentioned by the earlier anonymous writer. When Archbishop Wulfhelm died in 942, King Eadmund wished Odo to succeed, but he refused, because he was not a monk as previous archbishops had been. Finally he accepted the election, but only after he had obtained the Benedictine habit from the Abbey of Fleury. One of his first acts as archbishop was to repair his cathedral at Canterbury, and it is recorded that during the three years that the works were in progress, no storm of wind or rain made itself felt within the precincts. The constitutions which he published as archbishop (Mansi, "Concil", XVIII; Migne, P.L., CXXXIII) relate to the immunities of the church (cap. i), the respective duties of secular princes, bishops, priests, clerics, monks (ii-vi), the prohibition of unlawful marriages, the preservation of concord, the practice of fasting and almsdeeds, and the payments of tithes (vii-x). A synodal letter to his sufragan bishops, and an introduction to the life of St. Wilfred, written by him, have also been preserved. Throughout the reign of Eadred (946-955) he supported St. Dunstan, whom he consecrated as bishop of Worcester, prophetically hailing him as future Archbishop of Canterbury. On the death of Eadred he crowned Eadwig as king. Shortly after the archbishop insisted on Eadwig dissolving his incestuous connection with Ælgifu and obtained her banishment. In 959 during the reign of Eadgar, whom he had consecrated king, realizing the approach of death, he sent for his nephew, St. Oswald, afterwards Bishop of York, but died before his arrival. He was succeeded by the simoniacal Ælfsige who insulted his memory, and whose speedy death was regarded by the people as the judgment of God. The next archbishop, St. Dunstan, held St. Odo in special veneration, would never pass his tomb without stopping to pray there, and first gave him the title of "the Good". The story which represents Odo as having in early manhood followed the profession of arms is only found in later writers such as William of Malmesbury. Even if it true that Odo served Edward the Elder under arms, there is no reason to suppose, with the writer in the "Dictionary of National Biography", that he did so after he became a cleric. God bore witness to his sanctity by Miracles during his life and after his death.
    EADMER, Vita Sancti Odonis (the earliest extant life) in WHARTON, Anglia Sacra, II, 78-87, also in MABILLON, Acta SS. O.S.B., 1685, and in the Acta SS. of the BOLANDISTS, who attribute it to Osburne (July 11), but this is corrected in their Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina (Brussels, 1901), where the ascription to Eadmer is accepted. Contemporary notices will be found in the Vita S. Oswaldi in Historians of the Church of York (Rolls Series, 1879-94); Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Ann. 958, 981 (R. S. 1861); STUBBS, Memorial of St. Dunstan (R. S. 1874); GERVASE OF CANTERBURY, Historical Works (R. S., 1879-80); WILLIAM OF MALMESBURY, De Gestis Pontificum Anglorum (R. S., 1870); and De Gestis Regnum Anglorum (R. S., 1887-89); WHARTON, Anglia Sacra (London, 1691); CHALLONER, Britannia Sancta (London, 1754), 4 July; KEMBLE, Codex Diplomaticus oevi Saxonici (London, 1839-48); HARDY, Descriptive Catalogue (London, 1862-71); HOOK, Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury (London, 1860-84); STANTON, Menology (London, 1892), 2 June; BIRCH, Cartularium Saxonicum (London, 1885-93); SEARLE, Anglo-Saxon Bishops, Kings, and Nobles (Cambridge, 1899); CAPGRAVE, Nova Legenda Angliæ, ed. HORSTMAN (Oxford, 1901).
    Transcribed by M. Donahue

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Odo of Cluny — Saint Odo of Cluny Born ca. 878 Le Mans, France Died November 18, 942 Honored in Roman Catholic Church Feast November 18 Patronage for r …   Wikipedia

  • Odo of Urgell — Saint Odo Bishop of Urgell Born Barcelona, Spain Died 1122 Honored in Roman Catholic Church Feast 7 July …   Wikipedia

  • Odo — For the genus of spiders, see Zoridae. Odo is a name typically associated with historical figures from the Middle Ages and before. Odo is etymologically related to the names Otho and Otto, and to the French name Odon, and to the Italian names… …   Wikipedia

  • Odo of Canterbury — This article is about the saint from Canterbury. For Oda, the Archbishop of Canterbury, see Oda the Severe. Saint Odo of Canterbury Abbot Died January 20, 1200 Honored in Roman Catholic Church Odo of Canterbury (died 1200), also known as Odo… …   Wikipedia

  • Odo von Paris — (französisch Eudes; * vor 866; † 1. Januar 898 in La Fère), König des westfränkischen Reichs von 888 bis 898, war der ältere der beiden Söhne von Graf Robert dem Tapferen und dessen zweiter Gemahlin Adelheid von Tours. Er war der erste König aus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Odo von Montbéliard — Odo von Montbéliard, auch Hugo, (auch Heude, Eudes oder Otto, * um 1205; † um 1247) war Bailli und Konstabler von Jerusalem, sowie durch Ehe Fürst von Galiläa. Odo war der einzige Sohn des Walter von Montbéliard, Regent von Zypern, und der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Odo of Châteauroux — Odo of Châteauroux[1] (born ca. 1190, Châteauroux – died on January 25, 1273 in Orvieto) was a French theologian and scholastic philosopher, papal legate and Cardinal. He was “an experienced preacher and promoter of crusades”[2]. Over 1000 of his …   Wikipedia

  • Odo of Glanfeuil — was a ninth century Benedictine abbot of Saint Maur des Fossés, a historian, and hagiographer. He entered the Abbey of Saint Maur de Glanfeuil (in Le Thoureil, Maine et Loire) not later than 856 and became its abbot in 861. In 868 Odo became also …   Wikipedia

  • Odo I. (Blois) — Odo I. (franz.: Eudes; * um 950; † 12. März 995/996) war ein Graf von Blois, Tours, Chartres, Châteaudun, Beauvais und Dreux, Herr von Chinon und Saumur. Er war ein Sohn des Grafen Theobald des Betrügers († 975) und dessen Ehefrau Ledgard von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Odo of Glanfeuil — • Abbot and ninth century hagiographer Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Odo of Glanfeuil     Odo of Glanfeuil     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”